The regulatory process: if you’re not at the table, you’re on the menu

On 22 April 2015 The European Securities and Markets Authority (‘ESMA’)1, the equivalent of the US Securities and Exchange Commission, issued a call for evidence regarding ‘Investment using virtual currency or distributed ledger technology’.

Nxt is the example of the digital currency platform ESMA used in its ‘call for evidence’ to illustrate how distributed ledger technology works.

ESMA has now published the 18 responses it received, only two of which were made on behalf of cryptocurrencies: Nxt and FIMK (which is based on the Nxt blockchain). No response was made on behalf of Bitcoin, although one was made in support of it by an exchange called Paymium.

No response to the ESMA call for evidence was made on behalf of (or even in support of) Ethereum, Counterparty, MaidSafe etc.

One can of course understand the lack of engagement on the part of the majority of cryptocurrencies (being, as they mostly are, opportunistic Bitcoin clones), but for Bitcoin itself and other serious players such as those mentioned above not to have responded is surprising.

The cryptocurrency industry needs to fully engage in the regulatory process to make sure that the potential for independent, genuinely decentralised, blockchain technology to democratize financial power is not compromised by a failure to challenge incompleteness or other inaccuracy in the information relied on by regulators.

Some examples of incompleteness and other inaccuracies can be found in the following extract of the ESMA response from Intesa Sanpaolo (a banking group based in Italy):

“We would like to point out that, unlike Bitcoin’s Proof of Work method (which, as stated in O1, we regard as the only effective one, at least at the moment, because of the computational power dedicated to it), other decentralized double-spending prevention algorithms, like NXT’s Proof of Stake (PoS) presented in paragraph n.17, are still not validated from both a theoretical and an empirical point of view:

○ There is an ongoing debate over the “Nothing at Stake” problem affecting every system which doesn’t use any consumption of resources external to the system for the validation;

○ Every single existing PoS scheme, NXT included, is actually relying on some kind of centralization in validation checkpoints, in “currency” ownership or in nodes distribution.”

It would not of course be reasonable to expect a mainstream commercial banking group to argue in favour of a genuinely independent decentralised financial ecosystem.

Rather, it is for the proponents of that technology to correct any inaccuracies and supply any omissions in how others (doubtless unintentionally) represent it, but to do that they need to get involved in the consultation process.

Thus, by way of correcting certain inaccuracies and otherwise filling in the gaps, we shall deal with each of Intesa’s three claims in turn.

Intesa Sanpaolo claims that Bitcoin’s Proof of Work (PoW) method has been empirically and theoretically validated and that Nxt’s Proof of Stake (PoS) method has not.

Theoretically, the PoW and PoS consensus mechanisms are neither better nor worse than each other, merely different. For a description of Nxt’s Proof of Stake model, see pages 5/6 of Nxt’s Response to ESMA.

As regards, the respective theoretical formalizations of PoW and PoS, the following points should be noted:

PoW formalization

The initial Satoshi Nakamoto paper (Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System) only investigated the consensus algorithm security against private branch attack.

Since then other potential attack vectors, for example selfish mining, have been discovered.

The selfish mining strategy provides unfair profit for the 33+% adversary and that’s dangerous in the long-term, but not critical for consensus itself.

Most recently, in November 2014, the formal model (of a more or less appropriate quality) was published: The Bitcoin Backbone Protocol: Analysis and Applications.

PoS formalization

Whilst Proof-of-Stake formalization is currently still behind that of PoW it’s now developing faster than PoW’s formalization and therefore catching up quickly.

The first implementations of pure PoS appeared in the second half of 2013, with the first investigations started in the first half of 2014 (Math of Nxt Forging by mthcl) following which Consensus Research made simulations2 and wrote articles3 about the few types of known attacks.

Consensus Research are currently in the process of discussing deeper formalization with colleagues from mathematics and theoretical computer science.

Turning next to Intesa Sanpaolo’s claim that Bitcoin’s PoW method has been “empirically validated” and that Nxt’s PoS method has not.

We assume “empirically validated”, as applied to Bitcoin’s PoW and Nxt’s PoS technologies, is intended to mean: proven to work in practice in accordance with their objectives.

Since both technologies demonstrably do work in practice in accordance with their objectives, at least up until now, they can therefore both be said to have been empirically validated: Bitcoin as a payment system and Nxt as a financial ecosystem which includes a payment system (see: Nxt Core Features, as described on pages 15/16 of Nxt’s response to ESMA).

But blockchain technology in general is still in its infancy and faces a number of significant practical challenges, including that of blockchain bloat and scalability – a problem which, at some stage, will have to be addressed and resolved (if they are to remain viable) by all blockchain technologies, including of course Nxt itself.

However, due to the large and (as currently anticipated) increasing number of transactions being processed through its network, Bitcoin now needs to address that problem as a matter of urgency and it is running out of time in which to do so.

According to Bitcoin Foundation Chief Scientist Gavin Andresen speaking in an interview in June 2015, Bitcoin will be reaching its 1 MB block size limit “some time in the next 6 to 12 to 18 months….”. In the interview Mr Andresen goes on to warn of what could happen if the problem isn’t resolved.4

In an apparent attempt to force the pace as regards tackling the block size issue, a patch to the Bitcoin Core was released on August 4 and is now available to download here: https://bitcoinxt.software/

It remains to be seen whether the Bitcoin network as a whole will accept or reject what in effect is a hard fork or indeed whether the network will split, resulting in the creation of two versions of Bitcoin, thereby crashing the value of one, if not both.

What is certainly clear is that the Bitcoin XT debate (whether or not to replace the current hard-coded block size limit of 1mb with a patch that, amongst other things, supports larger blocks) has polarized opinion.5

And it is doing so for the reason explained in this article in The Wall Street Technologist:

“What we have here is an ideological schism in Bitcoin. Most people fail to realize that this is what the block debate is really about. On one hand you have folks who believe Bitcoin should be the new VISA system. They believe that Bitcoin should be able to handle all the transactions on planet earth, from everyone’s daily coffee purchase, to everyone’s house purchase, to how Google cars should be paid for their services.  On the other hand, you have those who believe Bitcoin’s core value is the fact that it is a hedge against fiat currencies, and by extension, governments (in the case they decide to infringe upon your liberties). Bitcoin CANNOT be both. It’s just not possible.”

Whilst, as already mentioned, the scalability problem is common to all blockchain technologies, the following empirically observed problems are exclusive to Bitcoin and should also be borne in mind when reassessing the accuracy of any claim that Bitcoin is empirically valid:

  • the inherent tendency of the underlying economics of the Bitcoin network to create a vicious circle whereby increasingly sophisticated mining rigs generate increased hash output resulting in increased difficulty which in turn drives the need for evermore powerful rigs thereby making it uneconomic for any but the biggest miners and pools to operate. The end result: increasing centralisation of mining power; i.e. a shrinking network of nodes, making it less secure.6
  • over-dependency on a few manufacturers of the prohibitively expensive ASIC mining equipment.
  • high energy consumption involved in miners competing for blocks to validate, making the process environmentally very unfriendly.

Intesa Sanpaolo claims that “there is an ongoing debate over the “Nothing at Stake” problem affecting every system which doesn’t use any consumption of resources external to the system for the validation.”

The unqualified use of the word “problem” might suggest to the uninformed reader that Nxt, as a PoS system, has actually been subjected to a Nothing-at-Stake attack. In fact, it has not.

Like Bitcoin’s PoW, the Nxt PoS consensus algorithm is a work in progress; the current state of thinking and research regarding any theoretical vulnerability to a N@S attack can be summarised as follows:

A. The first more or less formal definition (at least in the form of computer code) has been produced by Consensus Research:

PoS forging algorithms: multi-strategy forging and related security issues.

B. The number of possible forks grows exponentially over time. A Nothing-at-Stake attack could therefore only be made by a multi-branch forger contributing to N best forks and since it’s impossible to predict whether 2 forks will be within N best forks from the exponentially growing set for k confirmations (a significant imponderable), this attack vector is inherently unpredictable making it very difficult to enforce in theory, let alone in practice.

C. The correlation with stake size is still the open question but, contrary to what has been stated by Vitalik Buterin,7  it’s nearly impossible to attack a proof-of-stake currency with “1% stake even”.

D. A solution to make the PoS consensus algorithmically enforced (as in PoW) is theoretically possible.

E. The N@S simulation tool is published here: https://github.com/ConsensusResearch/MultiBranch  for people to carry out their own experiments. Unfortunately, there is not currently any easy-to-understand (i.e. non-technical) visualization of the non-feasibility of a Nothing-at-Stake attack.

In practice, the Nxt forging algorithm provides a defence against a Nothing-at-Stake attack in the form of what has been termed Transparent Forging (TF), the main feature of which is the ability to predict which account will generate the next block.

Other TF aspects of the Nxt forging algorithm are:

  • account balance having to be older than 1440 blocks;
  • the ability to lease account balance for forging;
  • requiring the forging account to have had its public key announced for 1440 blocks before being able to forge; and,
  • not accepting a forged block if its timestamp is more than 1 second after the predicted time to forge.

Improvements to take effect in release 1.7 are a minimum effective balance requirement of 1000 NXT for an account to be eligible to forge, and preventing very long blocks by an improved base target adjustment algorithm.

Elements of the TF concept which have not yet been implemented include: achieving higher transaction processing speeds by sending transactions directly to the node expected to generate the next block, and reducing the time interval between blocks based on the knowledge of the next few predicted block generator accounts.

Further protection against any ‘Nothing at Stake’ attack can be achieved by temporarily reducing to zero the forging power of accounts which should have generated a block but skipped their turn.

At present though, the currently implemented components of TF are considered sufficient to protect against such an attack.

Those TF elements mentioned above which are designed to increase the possible transaction throughput will only be implemented once the need for it appears, and certainly not until blockchain pruning has first been implemented.

Intesa Sanpaolo claims that “Every single existing PoS scheme, NXT included, is actually relying on some kind of centralization in validation checkpoints, in “currency” ownership or in nodes distribution.”

At their current level of technological development, no blockchain (arguably Bitcoin least of all) is 100% decentralised.

Nxt validation checkpoints

The Nxt protocol includes a rolling checkpoint whereby any block submitted at a height more than 720 blocks behind the current block height is automatically rejected. This in effect limits chain reorganization to the most recent 720 blocks.

The Nxt protocol also includes some hard-coded checkpoints (e.g. at Block 333,000). Their purpose is to prevent any possibility of a so-called “history rewriting attack” in which somebody buys redundant early stakeholder accounts in order to try to build a complete alternative blockchain.

Another reason for the hard-coded checkpoints is performance optimization, specifically: improved blockchain download speeds for peers downloading the blockchain from scratch, the improved speed being due to the fact that they don’t need to check with multiple peers in respect of the blockchain before the latest hard-coded checkpoint whether or not the current fork they are on is the best one.

Most importantly, such hard-coded checkpoints are only added at blocks more than 720 blocks before the current (at the time of adding the checkpoint) last block. At this point, the consensus has already been reached and set in stone by the rolling 720 block checkpoint limit, therefore the hardcoded checkpoint does not influence the decentralized consensus.

Whether or not these validation features can be regarded as  “centralised” is debatable and in any case neither are critically needed for blockchain survival.

Bitcoin, of course, has its own hard-coded checkpoints (see further: https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin/blob/master/src/chainparams.cpp )

Nxt currency ownership and node distribution

Nxt does not rely, as a matter of technical design, on centralisation of currency ownership or node distribution and the authors of this article are unaware of any PoS model (or indeed any other blockchain consensus mechanism) that does.

Proof-of-stake must have a way of defining the next valid block in any blockchain. Selection by account balance would result in (undesirable) centralization, as the single richest member would have a permanent advantage. Instead, several different methods of selection have been devised.

Randomized Block Selection

Nxt uses a pseudo-random algorithm to predict the next block generator i.e. forger, by calculating a hash value which should be lower than a target value using the combination of the account stake, time since last block, signature of the previous block and the forger account public key. Since all these parameters are publicly available, each node can predict, with reasonable accuracy which account will forge the next block.

It might be that what Intesa Sanpaolo meant to say in its ESMA response was that in certain PoS models a relatively small number of accounts are in practice currently responsible for the majority of the work of validating blocks and earning the transaction fees for doing so.

In the case of Nxt the original distribution of the currency was made to the 73 subscribers who participated at the start and as a continuing, albeit slowly improving, legacy effect of that relatively small distribution, it is true to say that a large percentage of the Nxt currency has been owned by a relatively small number of account-holders.

Nxt critics have long sought to portray this as an inherent irremediable weakness of the system. It is not and over time, as more people get involved in Nxt, the number of accounts will continue to increase and ownership become more diffuse.

In the meantime, having a large percentage of the currency concentrated in a relatively few hands has had some advantages for the system, not least of which is the relative absence of speculative manipulation (i.e. pump and dump) and the funding of development and marketing that would not have happened but for the generous bounties made available by large Nxt account holders.

Meanwhile, Proof of Stake blockchain technology, of which Nxt is the leading example, continues to innovate and improve.

The features planned for the next hard fork (Release 1.7) are coin shuffling, account control for phased transactions (whereby an account is only allowed to submit phased transactions that require the approval of one or more other accounts), more stable block times and various usability enhancements. A security enhancement, 2FA using hash chains, will be added in Release 1.8.

Nxt core developers will also be adding features that make it easier to use the platform in regulated financial environments, for example “account properties” which can be used to endorse accounts as having been verified or authorized by third parties (to be implemented in Release 1.7) and “controllable assets”, designed to satisfy legal requirements that only authorized accounts can purchase certain types of asset (planned for Release 1.8).

Update: Since this article was published, a new version of The Nxt NRS client software has been released: NRS v.1.7.0e

This is an experimental release for testing only. Source code is not provided.

—————————

Acknowledgments

Many thanks to kushti, Jean-Luc, Riker, mthcl and ChuckOne who all reviewed and variously commented on and contributed wording to the article.

re-esma-nxt-cryptocurrency

Footnotes

1. ESMA states on its website that it:

‘…is interested in how different virtual currencies and the associated blockchain, or distributed ledger, can be used in investments. There are now facilities available to use the blockchain infrastructure as a means of issuing, transacting in and transferring ownership of securities in a way that bypasses the traditional infrastructure for public offer and issuance of securities, trading venues like exchanges and central securities depositaries or other typical means of recording ownership. ESMA would like to find out more about these market developments and in particular to know to what extent the use of the blockchain could enter the financial mainstream, and how it could be used.’

2. https://github.com/ConsensusResearch/ForgingSimulation.

3. https://github.com/ConsensusResearch/articles-papers.

Kushti is currently discussing joint papers possibilities with colleagues and preparing a paper to be published in a peer-reviewed journal.

4. In the interview (at 6:43 mins), Bitcoin Foundation Chief Scientist Mr Andresen, who has a less apocalyptic vision than his colleague Mike Hearn as to what might happen to Bitcoin in a worst case scenario, nevertheless warns that:

“…people will just stop sending transactions if they notice that their transactions are not getting confirmed in a day or two or three or a week. The nature of transaction confirmation and the nature of how blocks are found softens that a little bit so every once in a while we’ll get a period of time when transactions really pile up because blocks are found more slowly than normal and every once in a while we’ll have a period of time where lots of transactions get confirmed because we’re finding lots of blocks.

It’s just the nature of the randomness of mining that we get this natural variation in how many transactions are confirmed in any given period of time and so I think that that natural variation plus people react so if you’re sending transactions with very low fees that aren’t getting confirmed well then you’ll bump up your fees if you can and if you can’t bump up your fees because transactions get more expensive then you find some alternative and that alternative may be: well I won’t use Bitcoin, I’ll find some other way of doing what I want to do.

So I don’t think we’ll have a crash. It won’t be a disaster. I think what we will see is people turning away from Bitcoin and using other things and I think we’ll see transaction fees rising. Both of these things I think are bad.”

5. Bitcoin XT vs Core, Blocksize limit, the schism that divides us all.

“The news recently is all abuzz about the Gavin Andresen and Mike Hearn’s fork of Bitcoin called Bitcoin XT.  For the first time in the history of Bitcoin, its very existence has been put into peril by way of what is termed a ‘Hard Fork’ of the protocol.  I have watched the situation develop, and I feel that I must comment on this topic as the amount of FUD coming from both sides of the camps is reaching alarming levels, and frankly I think this is hurting Bitcoin.”

As at 24 November 2015, there were 410 Bitcoin XT nodes (supporting bigger blocks) out of a total of 5018 nodes in the Bitcoin network. Source: http://www.xtnodes.com/ Accessed 24.11.2015.

6. “As a Proof of Work network becomes stronger, there is less incentive for an individual peer to support the network, because their potential reward is split among a greater number of peers. In search of profitability, miners keep adding resources in the form of specialized, proprietary hardware that requires significant capital investment and high ongoing energy demands. As time progresses, the network becomes more and more centralized as smaller peers (those who can do less work) drop out or combine their resources into pools.”

http://wiki.nxtcrypto.org/wiki/Whitepaper:Nxt#Proof_of_Stake_Attacks.

See also:

“The risk is that the trend will claim too much obsolete hardware and put many miners out of business, resulting in even more centralisation and fewer incentives to invest in the mining space.” http://www.coindesk.com/bitcoin-mining-can-longer-ignore-moores-law/

And:

“The problem is that there is little incentive to run a node anymore. That’s because powerful machines built specifically for bitcoin’s SHA-256 proof-of-work algorithm have changed its decentralized and more open nature.” http://www.coindesk.com/five-biggest-threats-facing-bitcoin/

7. Vitalik Buterin is one of the original authors of a cryptocurrency platform called Ethereum. A version of Ethereum, called Serenity, currently in development “…is meant to move from consensus through Proof-of-work to Proof-of-Stake.”

The “Nothing at Stake” attack is described by Vitalik Buterin here:

“However, this algorithm has one important flaw: there is ”nothing at stake”. In the event of a fork, whether the fork is accidental or a malicious attempt to rewrite history and reverse a transaction, the optimal strategy for any miner is to mine on every chain, so that the miner gets their reward no matter which fork wins. Thus, assuming a large number of economically interested miners, an attacker may be able to send a transaction in exchange for some digital good (usually another cryptocurrency), receive the good, then start a fork of the blockchain from one block behind the transaction and send the money to themselves instead, and even with 1% of the total stake the attacker’s fork would win because everyone else is mining on both.” Extract from Proof of Stake: How I Learned to Love Weak Subjectivity

In the following two papers, the authors also seek to prove the feasibility of a “Nothing at Stake” attack

It Will Cost You Nothing to ‘Kill’ a Proof-of-Stake Crypto-Currency     Nicolas Houy, University of Lyon, January 2014.

On Stake and Consensus, Andrew Polesta, March 2015

By contrast, here’s a detailed description, written in layman’s terms, on the practical impossibility of N@S attack by JordanLee

http://www.peercointalk.org/index.php?topic=2976.msg27303#msg27303

Discussion threads regarding the theoretical possibility of a Nothing-at-Stake attack include:

BitCoin Talk: Nothing-at-Stake & Long Range Attack on Proof-of-Stake (Consensus Research).

Nxt Forum: The Paper on Long-Range attack & Nothing-at-Stake.

NXT Sub-Forum: Consensus Research.

The NxtHacks Hackathon 2015

NxtHacks

Fame and fortune awaits!

This is an all-comers challenge issued by Jones.

Using any programming language or library you like, can you build a fully functioning App using the Nxt API in just 48 hours?

To sign up for the competition and to join the NxtHacks’ mailing list: http://jnxt.org/nxthacks.

Nxt is the fastest developing, open source, second-generation cryptocurrency platform.

For a complete listing of all available Nxt API calls: http://jnxt.org:7876/test

To find out the latest news and views about the NxtHacks Hackathon and to contact Jones himself, join the #nxthacks channel on Supernet Slack

Competition Rules

1.   Entrants may use any programming language or library they wish (e.g. C, Javascript, Node.js, PhP, Python, Java) to build an App for whatever purpose using the Nxt Api.

2.   Entries will be judged by the Nxt community on:

 

  • Completeness (i.e. is the App fully functional?)
  • Style.
  • Usefulness.

3.   The App programming work should only take place between midnight Friday 31 July and midnight Sunday 2 August.

4.   Developers may submit as many entries as they wish but in practice, given the 48 hour time limit, it’s not expected that anyone will submit more than one…

5.   …especially since no team working is allowed – each App submitted must be the exclusive work of a developer working on their own!

Prizes

1st place: 40’000 NXT
2nd place: 20’000 NXT
3rd place: 10’000 NXT

And a place in Nxt history as the winners of the inaugural NxtHacks Hackathon!

———————-

Further information:

http://www.peerexplorer.com/

(‘PeerExplorer is your gateway for Nxt infrastructure. Be a part of building the world’s most advanced decentralised open-source platform. Feel free to use the API. Don’t know what Nxt is? Take a look here!‘)

http://www.thenxtwiki.org/wiki/For_Programmers

http://nxtinside.org/whats-nxt/

Nxt Source Code

BTCOR Group Investment

BTCOR  – Utilizing the NXT Monetary System and Asset Exchange to generate dividends on stored wealth and support SuperNET in alignment with a profit-for-change paradigm

BTCOR-nxt-asset-exchange

SuperNET, Cyberspace – BTCOR Group Investment, the first NXT asset to utilize NXT’s revolutionary Monetary System technology, has announced the members of its diversely talented and respected team and also its business plan, which details the asset’s complex structure and core principles.

A modified excerpt from the business plan https://www.btcor.co/btcor-group-investment/ :

BTCOR and its SERIES VENTURE wealth storage facilities allow for holding/storing value in the form of ASSETS, GOLD, SILVER, BITCOIN and the US DOLLAR.

BTCOR is the parent asset and is the simplest choice for investment. Funds received through sales of the BTCOR asset will be used to generate value for shareholders by investing primarily in SuperNET’s technology, core coins, and assets and by seizing any other opportunities the Executive Board may deem advantageous. Any dividends received by assets held in the BTCOR Treasury will be redistributed proportionately to BTCOR shareholders on a monthly basis.

The SERIES VENTURES https://www.btcor.co/btcor-assets/ are a group of assets subsidiary to BTCOR that provides storage of wealth for shareholders. As investors purchase shares in a SERIES VENTURE asset, the investment is converted into its respective class while maintaining the best available current exchange rate.

  • GDCAR is the investment vehicle for gold
  • BTCAR is the investment vehicle for bitcoin
  • SVCAR is the investment vehicle for silver
  • FIATX is the investment vehicle for US$

All of these balances are held in the BTCOR Treasury and represent the inherent wealth of BTCOR and SERIES VENTURE shareholders. The SERIES VENTURE portion of the Treasury is never used, transferred or manipulated in any way and these holdings remain stationary until shareholders vote otherwise.

Working alongside these wealth storage facilities are interest-generating vehicles fueled by profit-driven speculation.

We have deployed a number of vehicles that enable the speculator to make a speculative investment on the current markets of gold, silver, bitcoin, and foreign exchange (FOREX) using the NXT Monetary System.

A skilled Operator is responsible for trading with funds obtained monthly via the NXT Monetary System and makes puts and calls at the Operator’s sole discretion. The Operator is constantly under review by the Executive Board and subject to redundancy at any time. The Operator must have a minimum of one (1) BTC stake in each trading vehicle to ensure honest and well-planned trading is practiced.

Profits from these activities are distributed to BTCOR and SERIES VENTURE shareholders on a monthly basis. This dynamic provides an incentive to save via the SERIES VENTURE facilities, while limiting the exposure of the saver to the inherent risks.

BTCOR promotes a profit-for-change paradigm.

In the face of today’s economic, social, and environmental inequality, we at BTCOR believe it is imperative that revenue should not only lead to increased financial independence, but that it should also be used to promote access to truthful information, conscious acts of philanthropy and charity. By working smarter, not harder, we can leverage our funds to promote and embody the change we’d like to see in the world.

A certain percentage of monthly revenues are already being allocated towards a charity fund. As we grow and succeed, we will continue to implement projects and programs that function to manifest this paradigm.

The BTCOR team consists of thoughtfully appointed shareholders and community members that collectively represent the talents and abilities required of the Group’s Senior Executives and Executive Board, which oversee and manage BTCOR operations such that shareholder profit is maximized in adherence to the Group’s mission statement and core principles.

SENIOR EXECUTIVES

  • CEO – house
  • Chairman – eth
  • Secretary – mxxxxxx
  • Chief Systems Engineer – shack4
  • Finance Committee Chair – gambleh

EXECUTIVE BOARD

  • infinitechaos (Public Relations Committee Chair)
  • pnoch (Lead Developer)
  • futurist
  • damon
  • 3rdStryker
  • lootz
  • nippybrit

Detailed descriptions of the various roles and responsibilities required of each of the Executives as well as their asset allocation packages are available here https://www.btcor.co/btcor-team/

Of particular significance is the appointment of pnoch as Lead Developer. He is a very talented and respected developer who is already working with the Chief Systems Engineer to develop proprietary technology designed to enhance efficiency and transparency of BTCOR operations for its shareholders. The Lead Developer may also be tasked with creating or implementing advanced automated trading software designed to trade FOREX markets and maximize shareholder revenues.

For more information on the BTCOR Group Investment, please visit btcor.co, follow @BTCORsupport on Twitter, and join the #btcor channel at SuperNET Slack.

SuperNET Newsletter #18

Welcome to the SuperNET.

This week we’ve got the usual roundup of news and developments. The tech is coming together, as James writes: ‘It is getting very close. The core, GUI and windows are really three totally independent projects, but they all need to come together to get a windows release. This is happening.’

James own role could be coming to an end as the core functionality nears completion. ‘I prefer to just make a decentralized self-organizing topology network that allows individuals to remain private and offer services without worrying about all the details cuz it just works.’

Topics

  • Wallet updates
  • Agents
  • Dev assets
  • MGW agent
  • InstantDEX agent
  • PrivateBET agents
  • Crypto777
  • Discount on CORE assets
  • SuperNET Services Updates
    • Jay
    • Cryptocard
    • SkyNET
    • Pangea Poker
    • Freemarket
  • CORE Coins Updates
  • SN Related
    • Drachmae
    • SNRN
    • BTCOR
    • Altnuts Mining Pool

Wallet Updates

nxtcrypto-supernet

SuperNET Litewallet v2.0.5-beta

Litewallet users: update to the new version at https://forum.thesupernet.org/index.php?topic=545.0. The Litewallet offers the most user friendly SuperNET experience and includes the MGW multiwallet.

SuperNET NRS plugin

You can use SuperNET as a plugin to the Nxt NRS (the standard Nxt client, rather than the dedicated SuperNET release): https://nxtforum.org/lite-multigateway-releases/supernet-nrs-plugin-v1-0/. Extract and save the plugin component to your NRS client, and simply use SuperNET as a Nxt plugin.

SuperNET NRS 1.5.12 update

After the 1.5 hardfork, there have been a couple of updates. To gain all of Nxt’s and SuperNET’s functionality, you’ll need to download the latest SuperNET client: https://nxtforum.org/lite-multigateway-releases/supernet-v1-5-12-1/

Agents

Agents is James’ dev-friendly plugins system. It offers an easy way of creating new features. James writes, ‘I released Lchains MGW, so far not so many bugs at all, and I got the InstantDEX ported into new structure in 2 days. That includes making cgi, which I never did before. Need to debug it, won’t take long. Then we can get a GUI + core to test on unix. When Windows has SuperNET, then we can make a one click installer. My work is almost done.

‘With agents, especially supporting many languages, I just need to be advising other coders, instead of having to do it all myself. It is like completing the operating system, but there are not so many applications yet. That is why I am making reference applications like MGW, InstantDEX, etc.

‘echodemo is 50 lines of code, but it has all that is needed to make an agent. If you can parse and process JSON, that is all an agent needs to do. It is a JSON processor: JSON input -> JSON output. The agent system automagically gets the inputs from the entire SuperNET and returns the output to where it needs to go. All the networking is abstracted out of it.’

If you want to join development, join SuperNET Slack channel #agents.

Dev assets

SuperNET will be issuing SuperNET Dev assets / “carreer assets”.

The dev will own 90% of this, SuperNET 5% and 5% is dividended out.

100% of a devs earnings from SuperNET is pushed through this asset, so investors can for the first time directly invest in the future earnings of a specific dev. Also, each dev will have a high priced sell wall, so people that want to donate can just pay the above market price.

More info:
https://nxtforum.org/unity/supernet-dev-assets

James writes, ‘Last year I had this idea for artists/athletes, but they are entangled in real world contracts and agents, and therefore problematic, also making sure that they honor the dividend commitment is even more problematic and would require real world contracts.

But the basic idea is sound, ie allow a talented professional to capitalize their future revenues. This allows such a talent to avoid the “starving student” years by selling off part of their future earnings. It also allows investors for the first time (!) to invest in a specific dev, instead of the projects a dev is involved in. Granted, these assets can only assure investors that revenues from SuperNET are paid out, but since it is based on trust in a specific dev, the asset is directly related to the trustworthiness of the dev and his/her future potential’.

777-supernet-slack

Dividend sent

BTCDdev and longzai assets have been sent to SN holders as SuperNET Slack reached 777 users.

MGW agent

supernet-multigateway-mgw

James now uses Lchains to make deposits to MGW. Integrating Lchains makes it significantly faster: ‘Tx 14981284329551545928 is the first automated Lchain MGW deposit. I still need to get the stats reporting fully debugged, but withdraw is the next (and last) thing needed to be done for MGW to be ready for larger scale testing. Latest really really fast ramchain has regenerated 300K BTC blocks in 10 hours. Since it used to take more than 10 days, this is quite a speed boost and also enables debugging at a much faster cycle.

‘I added the ledgerchain code to the (literally) 7th iteration of the ramchain generation. It still will take some minutes to restart from scratch, but if that becomes an issue I already figured out an instant start solution.

‘I had to get the BTC MGW not only working, but fast to run and fast to start and fast to regenerate. These actually are three completely different problems and each one not so easy, but the latest solution is getting close to the “speed of light” type of barrier where I can’t see how to make it go much faster. Maybe someone smarter than me will find ways to make it go even faster… oh, it uses a lot less RAM too. When the code is really optimized, both the algorithm, resource usage and code, then it starts becoming harder and harder to improve it.’

Lchains are the evolved form of ramchains in which ramchains are used to create another layer of data, i.e. the ledger. Learn more about Ramchains here: http://test.nxter.org/?p=7826

Test it

BTCD Lchains MGW is ready for testing. The same code for BTCD MGW is used for BTC MGW. Instructions:

Install BitcoinDarkd:

git clone https://github.com/jl777/btcd; cd btcd/libjl777; make dependencies;
make onetime; make btcd; echo “{\”secret\”:\”randvals\”,\”userdir\”:\”$HOME\”}” > SuperNET.conf; ./BitcoinDarkd
then get a deposit address: ./BitcoinDarkd SuperNET ‘{“plugin”:”MGW”,”method”:”msigaddr”,”coin”:”BTCD”,”userNXT”:”NXT-KAK4-SDL7-DHGT-9W37B”,”broadcastflag”:1}’

The JSON cannot have any syntax errors and it needs to be a valid btcd address. The message cannot be encrypted.

./BitcoinDarkd SuperNET ‘{“plugin”:”relay”,”destplugin”:”MGW”,”method”:”msigaddr”,”coin”:”BTCD”,”userNXT”:”NXT-KAK4-SDL7-DHGT-9W37B”,”broadcastflag”:1}’

The above is the proper syntax to query the MGW servers via the relays.

Small fees to cover server costs

‘MGW [Nxt asset ID 10524562908394749924] has a valuation that is 10% of InstantDEX, actually a bit less due to server costs. I added a bit of withdraw fee (0.05%) and nobody complained, so maybe it can cover server costs from there’.

InstantDEX agent

instantdex-idex-supernet

InstantDEX (Nxt asset ID is looking great:

InstantDEX-SuperNET-ui-lo

James writes, ‘I predict I will reach code complete (meaning only bug fixes left to do) for my portion of InstantDEX on / – what day is today? – / – [tuesday] – / – cool. I think I am at code complete’.

‘The first version will be limited to a few thousand nodes. There are other components too; still a wider scale beta test is hopefully possible soon as the MGW servers are being configured, windows actually got past init and recv packets and the GUI is looking good. Quite a few parts to put all together and we will need as many testers as possible’.

It is still unix only, if you’re interested, join SuperNET Slack channel #testing-instantdex

‘The advantage to testing early is that you will be able to take advantage of the arbitrages that InstantDEX will find automatically for you. I still have improvements in the core I want to do, but I think I can do this as the rest is being finished. I don’t like the long time it takes to regenerate orderbooks, but from the Lchains work I have a way to realtime update NXT tx so it takes no time.

Once I use that for the NXT AE orderflow, then it should be able to create orderbooks in less than 1 second. That and making a dynamic topology for efficient native InstantDEX orderbook propagation. I hope to get both things working this weekend, just might be a long weekend, but when it is done, then we will be able to handle thousands of active InstantDEX traders.’

Cryptosleuth, working on the GUI, writes, ‘I am trying to make it so mostly everything can be customized. The charts on the right you can switch between candlestick/line/areaspline atm, and I am thinking of some other things you can put in there, like combining two to make a mini orderbook/place order window to trade multiple markets easy. I haven’t spent much time on extra things that aren’t needed at GUI’s core.’

You can get a feeling for the iDEX experience in this video: https://vid.me/LVza

PrivateBET agents

Btcddev will be writing a set of C-based agents. The decentralized relays will act as a clearinghouse of all available bets, results, etc. By using the agents method, the problem is divided into several pieces, each becoming a single purpose agent.

Data feed

‘We have the data feed agents, which are there to get (for example) the sports results published to SuperNET – they don’t have to deal with exactly who needs to get it, etc, as SuperNET handles all that. Just get the data and publish.’

Privatebet

‘Now, SuperNET has this data about the sports events and any client with the Privatebet client agent will be able to browse and subscribe, but most importantly the end user will be able to post privatebets, and all the other privatebet clients will be able to find all the available privatebets. Then, similar to InstantDEX direct peer-to-peer process, they will verify terms, lock funds, and then when the event is completed release payment to the winner.’

Cashier Agent

‘There will be a generic cashier agent available to all the other SuperNET agents, so the process of payments is abstracted. At first it will need to be for the same currency in matched amounts, but later I will allow matching X amount of this currency for Y amount of that currency. Of course if the market moves, the value changes, but this is part of the fun.

‘The handling of monies can of course be monetized using the golden rule. Just a percentage of bets to be kept, and the privatebet itself is not needing a bankroll.

‘When the privacy agents become available, betting will be private. In the meantime if you are in USSA please don’t use this, as it is most likely not allowed. Unless you are in Las Vegas, or one of the 14,000 Indian casinos…

‘Since there isn’t a lot of liquidity on the sell side, I can offer bulk amounts direct in BTC or NXT, 1% discount from market price per BTC to a max discount of 20%, but only for a limited time and total amount. PrivateBET [asset ID 17083334802666450484] is majority owned by NXTprivacy [ID 17911762572811467637], which SuperNET has 25% stake in.’

Crypto777

Dividend

James has donated a significant proportion of his new Crypto777 asset (id:     13476425053110940554) to SuperNET. 7.5% / 7.5% / 5% has been donated to SuperNET / NXTventure / JLH, and 24%+ has been sent into the SuperHODL account.

James writes, ‘Yes, I did just put in nearly half of crypto777. It is now the fourth core asset and I didn’t want there to be any resistance for its usage within SuperNET. What is good for crypto777 is good for SuperNET. The crypto777 donated to SuperNET has added  around 30 NXT to UNITY’s NAV’.

Crypto777 is a pipeline asset, and the dividend won’t be made for some time. ‘Current AE orderbook sells need to be cleared and the tech needs to be in beta release or very close’, James writes.

How is crypto777 going to be monetized?

‘There are several ways it can be monetized. It is not officially out yet, I just had a bit of spare time so wanted to get it all in place. It will take some time to get ramped up for the selling of services. It is not a short term thing.

‘The backed and pegged system aims to make a blockchain-enforced mechanism to allow people to get interest on their crypto holdings and there will also be a bid/ask spread built into the blockchain, so these are two sources of monetization.

‘Additionally my idea for providing crypto consulting services to fiat companies, especially with tech like Lchain, well just a few big contracts and it will be making for quite a large cashflow. With the agents system that I will extend to have crypto777 primitives, customizing private blockchain (or even nochain) will be much more efficient than making something from scratch.’

Crypto777 aims to ‘be the tech that solves the final unsolved things about crypto’:

  • Blockchain bloat
  • Price volatility
  • Inconsistent blocktimes
  • Too easy to get hacked

‘With the new SuperNET agents system, I am seeing how many parts can be done in a nice and simple way and reducing the scope of the remaining issues, but this is not an easy problem to solve, as a fully decentralized fiat peg is kind of hard to do. Consensus Research (andruiman and kushti, https://nxtforum.org/consensus-research/) is helping from the theoretical and math side and will even be doing a white paper, which everybody seems to like so much.

Job offer to technical sales creature

‘I am seeing literally dozens of companies getting millions of dollars, and the tech they are needing doesn’t seem to be very much advanced. So, I think with the crypto777 agents system, it would be possible to create customized solutions for corporates, especially the ones with tons of VC money and not enough devs.

‘I need somebody to take the lead for developing this service. We can offer fixed price contracts (for projects with very high confidence levels) so there won’t be any budget risk.

I think contracts in the $50,000 to $100,000 range are possible. Such contracts at first would need to be done by myself, so clearly can’t get this sold in the near term – then again, maybe if we had budgets like that, we can hire coders to work under my guidance. Net profits would be going out as dividends. So if you have experience with technical sales to corporates, contact me.

‘I think some sort of bounty for business brought in and/or percentage of deal flow makes this worth the while for someone who already has the contacts. And if you have experience managing dozens of coders doing half a dozen projects, then this could ramp up into a nice amount of business.’

1%-20% discount on core assets

James writes, ‘I can offer a discount of 1% off of marketprice per BTC, up to a max of 20% off. I accept BTC, NXT, maybe even other things’.

‘Short term I think NXTcoinsco/Tradebots will be pretty good, medium term NXTprivacy or Privatebet, and longer term crypto777. Maybe allocating among these would be a good balance of risk/reward. I can make a single bundle for you at the standard discount.

‘Tradebots/NXTcoinsco gets 30% the revenues that InstantDEX asset holders get, so from a valuation standpoint it is worth at least 30% of InstantDEX. Additionally it will get monetization from the tradebots leasing that it facilitates, it might even do some trading itself. Other than NXTprivacy I think it is one of the most undervalued. But NXTprivacy is further out, so it is longer term hodl.’

SuperNET Services updates

Jay

Secure litewallet and framework
Nxt asset ID: 8688289798928624137

Jay NRS now supports Multigateway 1.0 with mgwBTC.

Jones is creating a Chrome extension for the next version of Jay. ‘With jay v.2 as a browser plugin, it will allow transactions to be made by clicking on the TX_ codes generated, so making trades quickly will be possible in a web application setting. Working as fast as I can :)’.

jay.js is an easy way to integrate an Nxt wallet into your project: http://jnxt.org/jay/

Cryptocard

Semi-anon card from Coinomat
Nxt asset ID: 7110939398145553585

Coinomat: ‘The bank we’re working with now is extremely slow, it is killing me. I found another solution, which seems perfect. The old card will work too. The new cards will be active starting from next week. ’

Card loading will cost 1% + $3. ‘The purchase price will be lower than for the old card.
After we launch this, cryptocard asset will be brought back to life. This is a matter of days.’

SkyNET

Financial analytics AI
Nxt asset ID: 6854596569382794790

Nexern writes:

Changed the landing page to visualize the dev stage: http://finhive.com

Changed the main doc into sections, including api call examples here: http://docs.finhive.com/. An api spec card would look like: http://docs.finhive.com/card.html

analytics, statistics and signaling (see landing page).

‘This API expansion has, besides clarity and completeness, another big advantage. Wrapped into an additional client module, it can be used as a tool to teach trading and explain strategies. There are thousands of sites offering online courses/classes, so a good affiliate program is a win/win for all and helps to spread FinHIVE awareness. Just a handful of affiliations would be sufficient because they are multiplicators. And a trader who used these tools could convert into a loyal customer over time. Moreover, since this module contains not only the definitions/visualization (like a TA encyclopedia) but also the current and historic performance (each symbol get its own data profile, containing the performance for all known indicators) compiled from profiles, it goes much further than all other tools at the market. This is just an additional revenue stream by recycling stuff, from other stuff we need anyway, so it makes sense.’

‘Added a visual overview for pattern detectors/triggers:

1. candlesticks >> http://docs.finhive.com/frm_candles.html
2. chart formations >> http://docs.finhive.com/frm_formations.html
3. point & figure >> http://docs.finhive.com/frm_pandf.html

Now I’m wrapping all this stuff, including the new descriptions and previous components, into the final API, starting the performance-statistics and signaling for all TA components on each symbols.’

‘A clever mind will recognize quickly how to utilize, dense and pipe all this stuff here into something meaningful, to shift probabilities into desired direction. The reference client later will make things much easier then. Now it’s only useful for some devs.

‘Besides visualization it will also contain a complete TA encyclopedia and all stats and tools to build trading systems by simple booleans, including backtesting. And some other useful stuff of course. I guess latest when SkyTrade and SkyBot appears, we will gain a decent level of attention.’

James: ‘I don’t think many people realize how powerful InstantDEX+SkyNET will be.’

Pangea Poker

Decentralized Poker
Nxt asset ID: 6883271355794806507

Valarmg writes, ‘The first 90% of software development takes 90% of the time. The last 10% takes the other 90% of the time, according to the main dev. So it feels like we are close to the first playmoney release, but there are lots of small parts to finish off.

‘The only good news about these delays is that the structure of SuperNET has changed into a much more modular architecture in the last few months, so it’s a much better time to try and integrate a project than earlier in the year.’

For more details, see https://nxtforum.org/nxtventures/pangea-poker/new/?topicseen#new

Freemarket

Decentralized Marketplace
Nxt asset ID: 134138275353332190

A new FreeMarket version 1.4 now available.

Knuckle writes: ‘This is our best version yet. There are a couple of new features to make FreeMarket easier to use:  New, separate views for sellers (View Your Active Items, View Your Sold Items, View Your Expired Items, and View Your Pending Sales). We have revamped the Relist feature so that it will only relist the quantity of an expired item that didn’t sell; for example, if you listed 10 of an item, sold 3, and then the item expired with 7 unsold, Relist will put 7 of the item up for sale again.’ Trade at http://nxtfreemarket.com.

SuperNET Core Coins

Bitstar

http://bitstarcoin.com

Bitstar will promote and utilise SuperNET on ATMs.

t3cltd writes, ‘Connecting the ATMs to InstantDEX is the ultimate goal. We are waiting on a number of things, not least of which for InstantDEX to be fully tested and operational in order to then be able to set the ATM real-time trade orders to automatically be handled by InstantDEX. I’m hoping to not have to set them on a centralised exchange process at all.

We’re in one of those situations that could see it all happen in double-quick time once we reach a certain point, or it could remain bogged down in inching forward as elements are put in place. InstantDEX is a critical part of everything both SuperNET is doing and the ATM side of things. It is critical that it be given the attention it needs to test fully and prove itself as the first decentralised trading platform in the industry.

Any revenue that SuperNET earns from the ATMs will come from the transaction fee generated through InstantDEX.

BTCD

http://bitcoindark.pw

Get paid for staking

BitcoinDark has started a new feature in recent weeks: dividend payments to stakers. This was always a plan for BTCD, with stakers receiving a proportion of revenues from InstantDEX and SuperNET, as well as through inflationary ‘rewards’ (5% each: the 5:5:5 scheme).

Now, the MMBTCD asset (a market-making and mutual fund built on Nxt, that pays out in superBTCD) is paying 10% of weekly revenues directly to stakers. Each week, a call integrated into the core of BTCD creates a list of all recent stakers, then pays them a proportion of the total dividend, depending on how many blocks they staked. Unlike paying stakers in proportion to their stakeweight, this rewards clients who stake 24/7, maintaining the strength of the network. BTCD is the first gen1 currency to include such a feature.

A script written by Btcddev enables anyone to make use of the functionality. Once it has been tested, it will be integrated into the new BTCD client, and ‘that way, BTCD can really be attractive as an asset. Anyone can easily pay divs using btcd’s network for his service.’

‘Anyone who wants to use btcd for a revenue generating service might consider paying dividends to stakers. They keep the network going, and the value of the BTCD (and therefore the service itself) will rise. A case in point is InstantDEX’, writes Btcddev.

Btcddev continues, ‘The getstakers command outputs number of blocks staked, not how much you staked. So if you stake constantly and find 10 blocks in a week, you will receive 10x the payment than if you turned it on for an hour and staked 1 block, even though you staked the same number of BTCD’.

Note that mgwBTCD/superBTCD does not stake. Read more at https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=762346.new;topicseen#new

Initial dividends

MMBTCD: market-making and mutual fund
http://bitcoindark.pw/mmbtcd-btcd-market-making-and-mutual-fund/

Two dividends have already been paid out from MMBTCD, with more on the way weekly.
See http://bitcoindark.pw/bitcoindark-pays-first-dividend-to-stakers/

For upcoming dividends, as well as the 10% revenues from MMBTCD, James is donating 100 BTCD (this week only), mivond is donating 10% of revenues from  bitcoindarkdice.net.

‘Think about this. Once InstantDEX and other major services begin generating money, a large percentage of the new money supply will be bought as BTCD and paid to stakers, reducing inflation. It would be nice if BTCD bought reached greater than or equal to number of coins staked.’

FIBRE

http://www.fibrecoin.com

Fibre SkillShot 1.2 released

The Fibre project has released the first game in its series, Fibre SkillShot created with Unity3d technology.  Integration of digital currency payments and incentivized tournaments are already in development. Fibre will also be partnering with another game project. More details coming soon.

Unity3d web version
http://fibreskillshot.website/

Windows/Mac/Linux versions
http://fibreskillshot.website/download/

FibreLock 2.0 – Next Generation Wallet Security released

FibreLock-SuperNET

FibreLock v2 is a new way to secure your wallet guarding against Key Loggers, Mouse loggers and brute force password attacks. It works by combining multiple methods for the wallets passphrase making it near impossible to predict while rendering most malware useless. FibreLock v2 like its previous version will also be integrated into the Bitcoin C wallet as a proof of concept.

Source Code – https://github.com/mammix2/fibre-public

Please find more info in the whitepaper:
http://www.fibrecoin.com/news/fibrelock-v2-next-generation-wallet-security/

Proof of Concept Wallets

Windows – https://mega.nz/#!8URmCaSQ!Z8kdmpzU4Oeh3wmMb6fH6VmgC-mao_Ems7f_0qJ5utw

Osx – https://mega.nz/#!UNYDVJKC!yaBykNvpbFJ2SI8avQlf7lFD-4fuzjh5YxtWwRQQFj0

FibreOS

FibreTeam has started working on FibreOS 2.0 and hopes to release it soon.

FibreOS 2.0 will utilize a custom, optimized and hardened Ubuntu environment together with full TOR support. Serving as cold storage will include all Core Coins wallets, SuperNET wallet and InstantDEX – SuperNET’s Decentralized Exchange.

FibreOS 2.0 will be delivered with a device which you can take anywhere you go, plug in needed components, stake your coins on it and install anything you need additionally.

FIBRE Silver Coins

You can pre-order Fibre silver coins here: http://www.fibrecoin.com/fibresilvercoins/

NXT

http://nxt.org

NRS 1.5 is LIVE

Hard fork passed at block 445,000.
Connections from peers older than version 1.5 are no longer accepted.

Update to the latest Nxt Client 1.5.12 here: https://nxtforum.org/nrs-releases/

Nxt Plugin System:

Nxt Voting System:

Nxt Phased Transactions:

PayExpo2015

Nxt enjoyed a solid presence at the conference.

Bas Wisselink (Nxt Foundation) writes, ‘Nxt was one of two booths for crypto, the other being GetCredits. We got some pretty high level attention, for which we are now going to do follow ups. We’ve talked to a lot of people from both the banking and payment industries. They don’t actually hate Bitcoin or crypto, but Bitcoin is definitely not being considered as much as you’d expect’.

‘They have seen the potential of the new technologies. They see more opportunities in newer tech that is built with new ideas, but taking the innovations of bitcoin, and they already know Bitcoin will be obsolete quite soon. And why would one go with obsolete technology?’

‘Uses that people are looking for are primarily secure and auditable ledgers and tokenisation. For the “developed” world, the currency angle doesn’t really strike a chord, but for the “developing” world, the currency side is potentially HUGE. We got a few people wanting to work on that. One of the lessons here is to look for solutions that actually solve a problem for a large demographic’.

NXTER.ORG booklet
http://test.nxter.org/payexpo/Payexpo-booklet-2015.pdf

SuperNET > PayExpo sponsorship

SuperNET sponsored Drachmae – an innovative solution to monetise Greece’s valuable but illiquid state assets and create a secondary currency – at the payment industry conference.

You can read more about Nxt, Drachmae and PayExpo at

https://nxtforum.org/general-discussion/payexpo-2015-london-9-10-june-2015/msg184395/

https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/supernet-sponsors-drachmae-blockchain-solution-for-greece-project/

TipTap

TipTap is a tipping application. The service is completely free of charge. Forever’.

‘Unlike other tipping services, TipTap uses the Nxt blockchain to facilitate the tipping micro-transactions, thus it doesn’t rely on any centralized ledger. Currently TipTap is compatible with Reddit, Slack and Twitter; 3 of the largest and most used platforms today’.

To get this moving, an official Tipping Fund of more than $2200 (200.000 NXT) is paying weekly prizes to tippers who join @ http://www.wetiptap.com and use the service to spread NXT.

To The Mooooon

https://nxt.tothemoon.me

nxt-to-the-moon

A new gambling game on the Nxt blockchain has taken SuperNET slackers with storm.
ToTheMoon is running a weekly promotion: https://nxt.tothemoon.me/weekly-leaderboard

NXT ATM in Vienna

Coinimal writes, ‘We have established the world’s first NXT ATM’.

‘The ATM is placed in the ‘Gretel’ café in Vienna’s most popular shopping street, Mariahilfer Strasse. The purchase process takes only a few seconds and after insertion of the desired cash amount into the machine, it automatically sends the equivalent in Bitcoin or NXT to the desired address. The beauty of this ATM is, that we were able to jointly expand the General bytes software so that this machine has the opportunity to issue NXT’.

Read more: https://www.coinimal.com/atm

Hackco.in London Hackaton

Nxt-hackcoin

Coinstructors and UBS Bank are hosting the London Hackco.in.

Jones, Lyaffe and Tosch will be our people at the event. Sign up @ http://hackco.in/london

The aim of HackCoin is to catalyse investment into the digital currency startup community during the Hackathon Day and beyond (prizes are focused on helping to fund ideas).

The subject in London is Smart Bonds and Digital Identity, and the hackers are going to be working with NXT API. ‘This galactic event will be held on June the 20th in Level 39, Europe’s largest FinTech hub. UP TO twenty of world’s best hackers and developers will gear up and craft their socks off on universe’s most creative Blockchain 2.0 FinTech ideas’, writes crypto scout.

https://nxtforum.org/general-discussion/london-hackcoin-developers-building-over-nxt-2-0-blockchain/msg184528/

OPAL

http://www.opal-coin.com

https://soundcloud.com/supernetradio/voidlord

SYS

http://syscoin.org

Check out all the updates that were made to our roadmap!
Big things are coming…. http://syscoin.org/roadmap/

The latest notes from the Syscoin call #23 are up on the blog –
Check them out here: http://syscoin.org/team-call-23-meeting-notes/

danosphere writes, ‘We’re working with vanbreuk to get SYS into the MGW + Android SuperNET wallets as soon as possible. There are some code updates happening to MGW which James is working on so we’ll be added once that refactoring is completed. Shouldn’t be too long, James is always working.

To everyone who hasn’t seen the announcement in our SYS core channel –
All requests to the Millionaire club are being processed and we will be in touch with you shortly!
http://syscoin.org/syscoin-millionaires-club/

VeriCoin

VeriCoin Developer Doug Pike and Veryveriviral on Crypto Talk Live about VRC’s Proof-of-Stake-Time protocol, their current RoadMap and alluding to some upcoming tech features.

VPN

http://bitvpn.top

Open source Blockchain Lottery

Bet 50 VpnCoin – Win 200000 VpnCoin.

BitNet Lottery is the first P2P blockchain Lottery, an open source Fair Lottery.

bitnet-lottery

bitnet-lottery2

James writes, ‘When i finish with the urgently needed code for SuperNET in general, I will spend time to get VPNcoin properly integrated into SuperNET. ]I think the decentralized load balancers could become a pathway for the windows VPN services provided by VPNcoin’.

SuperNET Related

Drachmae

http://www.drachmae.org

SuperNET is platinum sponsor for the Drachmae project.

Drachmae writes, ‘Drachmae is a hybrid banking system built over NXT using NXT core functions like AE, MS and Voting. It’s otherwise called a “Central Bank in a box” over the blockchain.’

See further at www.drachmaeconnect.com and www.drachmae.exchange

‘Everything started to be built on the 5th of May and was presented and demo working on the 20th of May. With all the media that is looming around it I need to close it in Greece with government or private association. We already have one assocation interested in taking drachmaeconnect as a business barter network.’ The project has potentially huge significance. ‘It’s not just about Greece. Greece is the test dummy of what will happen to Italy, Spain, Portugal… I am arguing with the EU Commission over drachmae as they don’t like the idea – this could be a solution.

There has been lots of great publicity about this:

Damelon writes, ‘This project, even when not viable, has generated more high level attention than 4 months of articles on things like CoinTelegraph. It gets people talking and that for me is its most important function.’

NXT-Supernet-Drachmae use cases:
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Zc0ukq5N4Lqhz03ro6aUMkd-MEYtRenHHIzP_AamGv0/edit

‘Anybody with SuperNET core assets, can you send your logos and Weblinks to lee@coinstructors.com.’

SNRN

http://supernetradio.com

Up and coming shows can be found here
http://www.supernetradio.com/index.php/timeline

Lottery
‘Anyone holding 50 SNRN asset will be entered into the lottery for 1/2 ounce silver (starting next month… maybe this month…), 500 will be entered in to win the 1 ounce supernet coin, 5000….. will be a surprise (3-6 months away). Thank you for your support.’ Nxt asset ID: 3501237268087927815

BTCOR

https://www.btcor.co

BTCOR Group Investment supports SuperNET in alignment with a profit-for-change paradigm, and it’s the first NXT asset to utilize Nxt’s revolutionary Monetary System technology and Asset Exchange to generate dividends on stored wealth. BTCOR and its SERIES VENTURE wealth storage facilities allow for holding/storing value in the form of ASSETS, GOLD, SILVER, BITCOIN and the US DOLLAR.

BTCOR is the parent asset and is the simplest choice for investment. Funds received through sales of the BTCOR asset will be used to appreciate value for shareholders by investing primarily in SuperNET’s technology, core coins, and assets and by seizing any other opportunities the Executive Board may deem advantageous.  Any dividends received by assets held in the BTCOR Treasury will be redistributed proportionately to BTCOR shareholders on a monthly basis.

Last week BTCOR announced the members of its diversely talented and respected team https://www.btcor.co/btcor-team/ alongside its business plan https://www.btcor.co/btcor-group-investment/, which details the asset’s complex structure and core principles. You can join SuperNET Slack channel #btcor for more information.

Altnuts Mining Pool

http://altnuts.com

If you want to mine SuperNET Core coins, this is a place to go. AltNuts V2 charges 0% Fees.

Coins that are accepted into the SuperNET, also known as ‘Core Coins’ represent some of the most promising innovations in blockchain technology available today. The SuperNET Multipool, brought to you by AltNuts – has been created as a way to mine currencies from within the SuperNET that aren’t traditionally minable. You can connect directly to the multipool with your ASIC or GPU miner and be paid in the SuperNET coin of your choice.

Read recent SuperNET Newsletters:
http://test.nxter.org/category/supernet-newsletters/
or… http://www.supernet.org/en/news/newsletter
or… https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=830942.0

Author of SuperNET newsletters: NXTER MAGAZINE: http://test.nxter.org

Fiat is failing. Let ‘battle’ commence?

This is the first in a series of articles examining the problems of the fiat monetary system and comparing the various possible solutions, with particular reference to the 2nd generation cryptocurrency: Nxt.

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Cryptocurrency (which is a decentralised form of digital currency)1 has now reached such an advanced stage of technological development that it would be remarkable if there was a national government anywhere in the world that was still not yet paying it serious attention; at the same time, the debt based fiat monetary system, following the ‘global’ financial crisis of 2007/8,2 remains in a critical condition.3

What exactly the world’s financial and monetary systems will look like beyond the short time horizon of the foreseeable future is impossible to know but we can at least be sure that the powerful private vested interests (primarily the commercial banks) who support the fiat monetary system in its present form will seek to preserve it substantially unchanged as far as possible and for as long as possible (a subject which is discussed in more detail in the forthcoming second article in the series: ‘Is fiat a fraud? From false commodity to false economy’).

fiat-printing-nxt-crypto-currency

Has war been declared and, if so, where are the battle lines?

As yet there has been no internationally co-ordinated government level response to the disruptive potential of decentralised ledger technology (i.e. cryptocurrency 1.0 and 2.0),  although work is currently being carried out which will ultimately lead to a response at the European Union level specifically regarding investments.4

In the meantime there has, to date, been a number of responses from individual countries, either specifically in respect of bitcoin or otherwise regarding all forms of digital currency, including for example:

  • declaring the use of bitcoin as a parallel currency to be illegal (Russia).
  • (whilst allowing citizens to buy or sell bitcoins amongst themselves), banning the country’s banks from processing transactions involving bitcoin (China).
  • stating (or at least intimating) that they do not recognise digital currencies as legal tender and therefore do not regulate them (Ireland).
  • treating bitcoin as a commodity and banning its use as a currency (Japan).
  • treating bitcoin as a foreign currency and banning its exchange with the national currency (Iceland).
  • announcing the creation of a national digital currency and banning all others (Ecuador).
  • regulating digital currencies to the extent of requiring ‘digital currency businesses’ to comply with anti-money laundering laws (Isle of Man).5
  • announcing proposals to consult on how best to regulate digital currencies and in the meantime issuing guidance regarding their status/treatment for tax purposes (the US and UK).

So, whilst some governments apparently see digital currencies as constituting an immediate, existential threat to their financial and monetary systems (even their national sovereignty)6 others are for the time being more welcoming, at least as regards the potential for blockchain technology to confer a competitive advantage on their economies.7

Financial and monetary stability is, quite rightly, of paramount importance to governments but, despite the growing body of evidence to the contrary, they still regard that stability as best being achieved by the continuation of a debt based, fiat money creation and allocation system run by profit-maximising private banks, ostensibly subject to central bank control.

Happily, there are signs that this inter-governmental consensus may perhaps finally be starting to break down:

For more than half a century, Iceland has suffered from serious monetary problems including inflation, hyperinflation, devaluations, an asset bubble and ultimately the collapse of its banking sector in 2008.
Other countries have faced similar problems. Since 1970, bank crises have occurred 147 times in 114 countries causing serious reductions in output and increases in debt. Despite its frequent failures, the banking system has remained essentially unchanged and homogenous around the world….[a] necessary step toward monetary reform is to increase awareness of the drawbacks and risks of the present system and why reform is needed.
This report will hopefully serve as a useful source of information for the coming debate on the money creation process in Iceland and how it could be reformed to serve society better in the future.

Extract from the Preface to ‘Monetary Reform – a Better Monetary System for Iceland’ (March 2015)

The solution to the debt based fiat money problem being proposed for Iceland is the Sovereign Money System.8 How this potential solution, which is also being advocated by the Positive Money campaign, compares with Nxt will be discussed in the third article in the series (‘Comparing the potential of sovereign/positive money and Nxt to solve the debt-based fiat money problem’).

Regardless of the success or otherwise of the Positive Money campaign or the Icelandic initiative, the existing fiat monetary system looks set to continue, fundamentally unchanged, in the rest of the world indefinitely, thanks partly to the entrenched network effect that the existing system enjoys, partly to the commercial vested interest of the disproportionately powerful commercial banks9 and partly also to:

  • the collective bureaucratic inertia of the ‘four pillars’ of global economic governance (the International Monetary Fund,10 the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, the Financial Stability Board of the G2011) and of the Bank for International Settlement;
  • large parts of the financial press; and last, but by no means least,
  • mainstream economic theorists.12

To be as effective as possible in getting our message listened to with attention it’s not enough for cryptocurrency advocates only to refer to the fact that the current fiat monetary creation and allocation system leads to socially and economically damaging results and that it remains in a critical condition, we must also demonstrate that we understand why it does so (topics which are examined in more detail in the next article in the series: ‘Is fiat a fraud? From false commodity to false economy’).

Six years after the launch of blockchain technology (in the initial form of Bitcoin), the commercial banks are becoming increasingly aware of the competitive threat which this rapidly developing technology poses to their business.13

They understand that their long-established centralised system of financial networks based, as they are, on restricted access to the APIs14 on which they run is now being challenged by a rapidly developing and expanding decentralised system of financial networks based on open API access which, in effect, makes possible the democratisation of financial power worldwide.

The banks also understand that cryptocurrency technology does not just represent a competitive threat to their dominant position in the provision of financial services in general it also represents (at least in theory) an existential threat to their virtual monopoly position as money creators and allocators which came about purely as an accident of history.

It’s hardly surprising therefore that most of the major banks are now working on blockchain solutions/strategies albeit that, under the mantra of Bitcoin is bad, blockchain is good they seem to be currently focusing their attention on trying to adopt/adapt the capacity of bitcoin’s blockchain technology to store data and execute financial contracts without needing to use the reward mechanism of the bitcoin currency to secure the integrity of the ledger. Their objective appears to be the creation of a private, federated blockchain in which every hashing institution is known and trusted.

Whether that would work and, assuming it did, what effect, if any, it would have on the continuing development, implementation and rate of adoption of genuinely decentralised, trustless, mathematically secure, blockchain technologies, such as Nxt, remains to be seen.

Much more promising than private, federated blockchains (technologically speaking and also in terms of social utility) is the idea of hybrid systems that, in effect, bridge the gap between the banks’ existing infrastructure and blockchain technology. A prime example being 44 Phones’ hybrid cash and cryptocurrency platform15 which has been developed as a mobile banking application using the Nxt blockchain technology to deliver mobile money via SMS, mobile app and the web.

Systems such as these may well prove to be the salvation of the fiat monetary system which otherwise left to its own devices seems set to go that one step further than it did in 2007/8 and irretrievably implode.

In the meantime, many cryptocurrency enthusiasts appear to welcome the prospect of a mainstream financial collapse believing that it would clear the way for cryptocurrency to take its rightful place in the world.

In practice, though, it is much more likely that in the event of such a collapse national governments would take emergency powers 16 and impose a top down solution designed in collaboration with, and therefore favouring, the banking industry rather than adopting a solution from the genuinely free market, unless that solution had already achieved such widespread acceptance that public and commercial pressure to adopt it was irresistible (an unlikely scenario admittedly, but anything is possible).

Are we ready for war?

The short answer is no, we’re not. At least not one against a common enemy. Instead, the cryptocurrency industry appears to be engaged in its own permanent civil war. Have a quick read of some of the discussion threads on bitcointalk.org and it soon becomes obvious that many, perhaps most, people involved in cryptocurrency seem to regard the only enemy as being the developers, owners and promoters of any cryptocurrency they don’t currently own which is doing better than the ones they do.

Although some people do genuinely invest in cryptocurrency for the long term, most seem to be looking to make as much ‘fiat money’ as quickly as possible. Moreover, whilst all of us (long and short term investors alike) say that we welcome competition as a force for catalysing innovation and improvement, which it undoubtedly does, competition also inevitably has the effect of engaging our instincts for survival and dominance, hence the feeling of despair that some may feel when a crypto in which they decided not to invest suddenly increases significantly in value and then the feeling of relief if, as they had been fervently hoping, it subsequently collapses.

What we must always bear in mind however is that the cryptocurrency industry is still in its infancy and until the various (competing) blockchain technologies become established and their real value gets priced by the market, the price and purchasing power of their native currencies will continue to be subject to much greater potential volatility than that of fiat currencies. In the longer term, of course, the reverse may well eventually turn out be the case.

Can war be avoided?

Answer: it depends if you listen to your heart or your head.

Emotionally speaking, war is inevitable and the ‘enemy’ is either other cryptos or fiat money or both (including their respective providers, users, supporters and fellow travellers), depending on what your unmediated instinct for self-preservation tells you.

Strategically speaking, yes, war can be avoided as there shouldn’t, in reality, be any enemy to fight, at least not as far as cryptocurrency is concerned.

To acknowledge someone as an ‘enemy’ is to acknowledge that instead of merely competing with them one wants, if possible, to destroy them in a ‘zero-sum’ fight to the death where the winner takes all and the loser ceases to exist.

However, there seems little possibility of blockchain technology on its own destroying the fiat based monetary system and absolutely no advantage to be gained by claiming that it could.

Moreover, other cryptocurrencies aren’t the enemy either; no one single coin, not even Bitcoin itself, will be able to monopolize what will inevitably become an ever-expanding and diversifying market.

Every cryptocurrency that gains a foothold in the mainstream (in particular, it must be said, when one of those cryptos is part of SuperNET 17) will help to educate the wider population about the benefits of the technology, thereby opening up the market for cryptocurrency usage more generally.

In my opinion, the language of war is not the most appropriate category of discourse to use in the ongoing struggle to establish cryptocurrency. Instead we should be more inclined to use the language of diplomacy in recognition of the fact that whatever ‘best case’ scenarios we might imagine for cryptocurrency, the financial landscape in which cryptocurrencies will be operating in the future will, in the absence of a complete and irretrievable global financial collapse, almost certainly continue to be dominated by the existing debt based fiat monetary system.

It may even be that cryptocurrencies, by strengthening local economies and thereby building greater resilience into national economies and ultimately the global economy, will actually help the existing fiat monetary system to survive and traditional banks to continue in business.

Seen in that light, it would actually be in the banks’ own best interests to be more accommodating in their attitude towards independent cryptocurrencies and, for our part, perhaps we should be thinking of making a virtue out of the fact that cryptocurrency usage in the mainstream economy, if sufficiently widespread, could have the unintended consequence of actually bolstering the fiat monetary system.

The non-crypto, potential solutions to the fiat problem include:

  • a fundamental reform of the debt based fiat system as advocated by, for example, the positive money campaign, which argues that money creation should only be used in the public interest.
  • Abandonment of the debt based fiat system and a return to the gold standard.

In articles 4 to 6 in the series each of the above solutions is examined in turn and the case is made for why the blockchain based, financial platform known as Nxt is the better solution.

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Notes:

1. ‘Cryptocurrencies [which are a type of digital currency] typically feature decentralized control (as opposed to a centralized electronic money system, such as PayPal) and a public ledger (such as bitcoin’s block chain) which records transactions.’ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptocurrency

‘Cryptocurrencies are designed to be capable of replacing cash…No central power has arbitrary control over the money supply.’ https://bitcoinmagazine.com/15862/digital-vs-virtual-currencies/

cryptocurrency 1.0: decentralised, P2P, cryptographically secured, digital payment systems.

cryptocurrency 2.0: ‘…is the application of block chain or distributed ledger technology to things other than digital currency. The block chain offers the ability to facilitate decentralized ownership and store, transfer and process information in a decentralized, programmable way. Many consider that innovation to be the true value of this technology.’ http://www.coindesk.com/crypto-2-0-roundup-bitcoins-revolution-moves-beyond-currency/.

2. ‘While the housing and credit bubbles [the immediate causes of the financial crisis] were building, a series of factors caused the financial system to both expand and become increasingly fragile, a process called financialization.’ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_crisis_of_2007%E2%80%9308

3. Is the debt based fiat monetary creation and allocation system sufficiently robust to be able to respond adequately to the ‘extraordinary’ demands that are being placed on it?

‘…extraordinary central bank action has become the new normal in the developed world. Faced with the twins threats of deflation and economic stagnation, monetary policymakers are reaching for their interest rate levers and digital money-printing tools in a bid to stave off recessions and debt deflationary dynamics.’ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/11378193/How-central-banks-have-lost-control-of-the-world.html

4. On 22 April 2015, The European Securities and Markets Authority (equivalent to the Securities and Exchange Commission in the US) issued a call for evidence regarding ‘Investment using virtual [sic] currency or distributed ledger technology’.

ESMA states on its website that it:

‘…is interested in how different virtual currencies and the associated blockchain, or distributed ledger, can be used in investments. There are now facilities available to use the blockchain infrastructure as a means of issuing, transacting in and transferring ownership of securities in a way that bypasses the traditional infrastructure for public offer and issuance of securities, trading venues like exchanges and central securities depositaries or other typical means of recording ownership. ESMA would like to find out more about these market developments and in particular to know to what extent the use of the blockchain could enter the financial mainstream, and how it could be used.’

Nxt is the example of the digital currency platform ESMA uses in its ‘call for evidence’ to illustrate how distributed ledger technology works.

The NXT Foundation will be submitting a ‘NXT Community Response To ESMA’s Inquiry  On Investments Using Virtual Currency Or Distributed Ledger Technology’ a week before the July 21, 2015 ESMA deadline. For more information visit the related discussion on the Nxt forum.

5. ‘Digital currency businesses [as defined below] will have to comply with the Isle of Man’s anti-money laundering (AML) laws from 1st April [2015] and will likely fall under the remit of the Financial Services Commission from the Summer.’

‘[Those in] the business of issuing, transmitting, transferring, providing safe custody or storage of, administering, managing, lending, buying, selling, exchanging or otherwise trading or intermediating convertible virtual currencies, including crypto-currencies or similar concepts where the concept is accepted by persons as a means of payment for goods or services, a unit of account, a store of value or a commodity.’ http://www.coindesk.com/isle-of-man-introduces-regulation-for-bitcoin-businesses/

6. A senior Central Bank [of Ireland] official has warned that virtual and digital currencies have the potential to challenge the sovereignty of states.

7. ‘Osborne looks to virtual currencies in bid to make UK world fintech capital’.

Further details regarding the UK government’s attitude towards ‘digital’ currency is contained in two recently published reports: Digital Currencies – response to the call for information
and Banking for the 21st Century – driving competition and choice.

See also:

‘Virtual Currency Schemes – a further analysis’, European Central Bank, February 2015.

‘Cryptotechnologies, a major IT innovation and catalyst for change’. European Banking Authority, 11 May 2015.

8. Sovereign Money System: this, in effect, nationalises money by giving the central bank the exclusive power to create money and parliament the power to allocate how the money is used; the government then spends/invests it into circulation.

9.The network of global corporate control’ Stefania Vitali, James B. Glattfelder, and Stefano Battiston published in the New Scientist Magazine 22 October 2011 (Issue no. 2835) An analysis of the relationships between 43,000 transnational corporations has identified a relatively small group of companies, mainly banks, with disproportionate power over the global economy.

10. But see: IMF report from 2012 by Jaromir Benes and Michael Kumhof. The focus of the study is the so-called Chicago plan of the 1930s which the authors have updated to fit into today’s economy. The basic idea is that banks should be required to have full coverage for money they lend. Under this proposal, banks would no longer be allowed to create new money in the form of credit in connection with their lending activities. Instead, the central bank should be solely responsible for all the creation of all forms of money, not just paper money and coins. The advantages of such a system, according to the authors, are a more balanced economy without the booms and busts of the current system, the elimination of bank runs, and a drastic reduction of both public and private debt. The authors rely on both economic theory and historical examples, and state that inflation, according to their calculations, would be very low.’

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Chicago_Plan_Revisited

11. It should be noted however that the chair of the policy development committee of the Financial Stability Board, Adair Turner, wrote in his foreword to Monetary Reform – a Better Monetary System for Iceland’ (March 2015) that the efforts to make the existing financial system more stable: have still failed to address the fundamental issue – the ability of banks to create credit, money and purchasing power, and the instability which inevitably follows. As a result, the reforms agreed to date still leave the world dangerously vulnerable to future financial and economic instability.’

12. ‘Mainstream economists’, those who subscribe to ‘…neoclassical equilibrium theory and assimilated Neokeynesianism, or to put it differently, American textbook standard economics…Mainstream economics for the most part rests on the assumption of neutrality of money…If one believes in neutrality of money, then of course dysfunctions of the money system are not an obvious subject of concern, despite all financial crises. As a consequence, most mainstream economists find it difficult to see why monetary reform might be of relevance.’ Joseph Huber http://www.sovereignmoney.eu/sovereign-money-in-critical-context/

13. The banking industry is now organising conferences to consider questions such as:

What is the future of money?

Do you know what cryptocurrencies mean for your business and for the future of financial services? Are you leveraging [the] blockchain? Are these developments an opportunity or a threat for traditional financial services providers?

SWIFT Business Forum London, 23 April 2015

14. An example of an API (Application Programming Interface) in the mainstream financial system is the VISA network’s merchant API which only the merchant, as a trusted party, is allowed to program. Examples of APIs in cryptocurrency based systems include: the transaction scripting language, the P2P network protocol and the ‘Northbound’ client, all of which are open source and are therefore available for anyone to program.

15. ‘UK’s 44 Phones Building Blockchain-Based International Mobile Network, Mobile Money Service.’

16. For example (in the UK) the Civil Contingencies Act 2004, Part 2 Emergency Powers, S. 22 (2) (h) http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2004/36/pdfs/ukpga_20040036_en.pdf

17. SuperNET is an association of the most reliable blockchain technologies. Giving you access to all their innovation from one place.

The Tipping Point

It’s been a long, long bear market. Nxt has slipped from a dizzy high of $0.10 – a market cap of $100 million – to a low of less than a cent and a market cap of only $8 million. But despite that and even because of it, I think we’ve finally hit a tipping point.

If I had to assign a moment to the tipping point, it would have to be 11 May at 07:35:54. That was the moment when the mgwBTC market on AE dropped to 3300 satoshis and a prescient bitcoin whale picked up a million NXT in one trade while, at the same time, another large SuperNET holder was taking the opportunity to cash out assets without slippage. Another 12.5 bitcoins were sold into the same 300 BTC wall over the next 40 minutes, but after that the price rebounded. A couple of weeks later some irrational exuberance led by China has pushed us back up to and over the 5k mark. (Whether this was caused by money leaving the overheated Chinese stock market and finding a handful of key alts, or whether it was BTC38 faking some volume to gain a reputation as the new exchange in town, we don’t know.) In any event, NXT has recovered around 50% since that low at 3300.

But this tipping point isn’t really about price. It’s been remarked before that market cap is largely meaningless and price does not equal value. As jl777 has said, ‘The market is technically a manic/depressive psychotic. That means it is delusional and says things that are, well, insane. Like LTC is 30x more valuable than NXT, or AUR is 10% of bitcoin, etc.’ Price and market cap should follow, but the market isn’t a good judge of value in these circumstances. The market sometimes overvalues things, like in the early stages where hype sucks in walls of money from excited speculators; it sometimes undervalues them, as when investors lose patience or get caught up in the mood of collective despair that swirls around a bear market. Price and value rarely coincide at all, and then only incidentally, like a stopped clock that is right twice a day.

Building the foundations

nrs

This is about the solid foundations Nxt has built over the last year, particularly its crypto-stock ecosystem hosted on the Asset Exchange. As I recently wrote in another article, it’s just possible that the horrendous bear market was the best thing that could have happened to Nxt, if not individual NXT holders, some of whom have seen their net worth slashed by 90%. It represented a massive injection of liquidity into key assets, a lot like quantitative easing or the boost to spending central banks try to engineer by cutting interest rates: if your money is going to be worth less tomorrow, you spend it today. Some people simply cashed out to bitcoin or fiat, but huge sums flowed into assets. The scale is simply remarkable. SuperNET’s ICO collected something like $4 million, most of it in NXT. Other assets have had no trouble collecting five- or six-figure sums. Some of it unfortunately ended up in mining assets which then mysteriously evaporated, but there was still a vast investment into some extremely promising projects.

Now, at last, some of those assets are starting to pay regular dividends. We’ll ignore the mining assets, but a quick survey shows there’s some respectable activity already.

Coinomat’s assets (coinomat and coinomat1) have been paying out regularly for months, of the order of 0.015 NXT per asset, or a current yield of 0.3% per week at a price of around 5 NXT per asset. Coinomat’s arbitrage asset, MMNXT, yields around 0.7% per week.

The newer arbitrage and trading asset Liquid looks set to yield around 2% for the month, and though it’s early days the wide-ranging trading company BTCOR has been posting stellar results. It paid 0.43 NXT per asset for April, and even at the current sell price of 15 NXT per asset that’s around 3% per month.

Audit company NXTinspect looks set to have a bright future, since its business model involves verifying the accounts, security and strategies of new assets – plus it’s got a new business incubator venture up its sleeve. It pays out in the assets it is paid by clients, as well as NXT, and dividends depend on the number and nature of clients in the last month or months (they’re not always monthly), but the last one was remarkably promising – something like 20%. Freebieservers has been paying out since April based on advertising revenues from its free servers, used by 100,000 gamers and growing fast. The last payout was 0.034 NXT per asset, or in the region of 1% per month if you buy at the current sell price, and they’re looking set to scale pretty well.

Then there are the gambling assets that are just coming online. NXTbubble, the Nxt version of a famous bitcoin game Bustabit, is recording huge volumes of play. The house edge is around 1%, but variance means the revenues probably won’t be regular each month; whilst the house always wins in the end, there are some high-rollers who are testing out the theory and they haven’t hit gamblers’ ruin just yet. After a long delay, neoDICE – based on the legendary bitcoin game SatoshiDICE – is being tested with a small bankroll on MainNet, and a fancy GUI is in the works. What will the effect be when it’s embedded in your SuperNET client, waiting for any spare moments to try your luck? And, of course, there’s SuperNET’s own suite of projects, including InstantDEX, which is now in testing.

The dividends are still a relative trickle given the overall size of the Nxt economy and its daily trade volume, but they are there and they are growing, along with the ever-increasing list of viable assets. It’s like a coiling spring.

What next?

nxt-crypto-tipping-point

It’s unclear to me quite what happens next, though I think the general direction of travel is obvious. Economics is an imprecise science, as any self-respecting economist should tell you. Broadly speaking, the money flowing out of NXT-the-currency has prompted investment in Nxt-the-platform. In the bear market, money hemhorraged out of NXT and into assets. Now, after several months of development, those well-capitalised businesses are firing up and generating a flow of value back to the assetholders in the form of dividends.

What investors then do with that NXT is up to them, but not all will sell it for fiat or other alts – especially if they believe the tide really has turned. Some will be held, some recirculated back into the Nxt economy, into new assets and new initiatives: a virtuous cycle.

Not all assets are equal – not just in their returns but in their approach. Some assets keep pace with NXT, others with fiat. Imagine a traditional ‘real-world’ business, or a mining asset: the NXT invested would be converted to fiat, so the capacity of the business to generate a return is broadly correlated with its initial fiat capitalisation. If a mining asset cashes out 1 million NXT to buy ASICs then its investment is fixed at the fiat value of its funds at that time. All other things being equal (which admittedly is unlikely in the fast-moving and murky world of mining, but that’s another story), if NXT rises in price against the mined coin, the NXT purchasing power of its revenues will decrease.

But other assets – like the arbitrage and gambling assets – mainly keep their funds as NXT. If NXT rises in price then they will keep pace. In fact, they’re likely to do even better, since rising prices lead to greater volumes traded.

The market will presumably judge these assets by their respective earning potentials – punishing some for being pinned to bitcoin or fiat, and rewarding others for keeping up with NXT. Against that, there is the complexity of what happens when a currency rises in price, and funds are sucked in from other areas – both assets and other crypto coins – as traders seek to get on board. And then there’s the issue of rising NXT prices (deflation) that encourages hoarding rather than spending, investment and economic activity. And the fact that the effects could all be dwarfed by the impact of the wall of Chinese money that seems to be pouring in anyway; this time around, the Chinese are wary of bitcoin but a number of alts have posted impressive rises in the last few weeks, up 50 to 100% already.

So it’s complicated, but there are certain incontestable facts: NXT has a fixed supply; the asset economy – now very nicely revving up and moving off the starting line – has no such cap. That means there is no cap on the revenues it can generate, and which it will need to pay out in NXT. Limited supply, unlimited demand. That seems to point in just one direction.

It’s a picture that will only become clear with hindsight. But hazy and fragmented though that picture may still currently be – even leaving aside the steady work being done in the background by the likes of DeBuNe and the NXT Foundation, bringing Nxt to PayExpo, conferences and dozens of businesses around the world – things are definitely looking up.

So don’t say it too loud just yet, but I’d argue it’s just possible we’ve turned the corner.

For more information about the assets referred to in this article, visit:

http://nxtreporting.com or http://www.secureae.com and click on ‘View Live Exchange’

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Disclaimer Notice

This article is for general information only. It does not take into account the reader’s personal circumstances, objectives or attitude towards risk. It is not (and is not intended to be) any form of advice, recommendation, or endorsement by the author or the web site owner and should not be relied upon when making (or refraining from making) any investment decision.

Remember: the market can remain irrational longer than you can remain solvent; investments can fall as well as rise in value and past performance is no indication of future performance.

NXT Version 1.5: The Complete Toolkit For Business

With the upcoming release of Nxt software version 1.5 – which will include voting functionality, ability to use enhanced multisig account control, and improved data storage and transfer capabilities – Nxt has reached a new milestone as the next generation blockchain platform.

From its inception in late 2013 Nxt has been designed to be a multipurpose toolkit, to be used either directly from the NRS client software or to be incorporated into third party applications.

With account authorisation via the issue of secure tokens, enhanced data transfer and storage (with the ability to remove data when required), voting, multisignature transactions and much, much more, Nxt has now developed into a mature and complete next generation blockchain system for business use.

Nxt Modularity

Nxt is designed and built to be a modular system. It features several different transaction types, which can be used on their own or in combination. The current feature set, after the version 1.5 implementation of Voting and Phasing (enhanced multisig/account control) will include:

  • Send Transactions (sending the NXT currency or tokens to accounts
  • Data Transactions (send and store up to 40 kb of data)
  • Coloured Coins Transactions (create and trade Asset tokens)
  • Alias Creation Transactions (enabling the assignment of strings, such as a DNS entry, to Nxt accounts)
  • Sales Transactions (create and manage digital sales via a native marketplace)
  • Signature Transactions (provide proof of account via single-use token authentication)
  • Voting Transactions (fully customised polling system based on the Nxt blockchain)
  • Multisig Transactions
  • Custom Currencies Transactions (create customisable currencies on top of the Nxt blockchain)

More in-depth information about these transaction types can be found in the Nxt Wiki or on the resource site, NxtInside.org.

The perfect tool for DAOs

Nxt is the perfect tool for the creation of Decentralised Autonomous Organisations (DAOs). A business or developer can issue their own tokens representing their organisational structure, handle a transaction stream, and keep their finance records in a fully transparent and auditable manner on the blockchain. Building new tools to enhance the core Nxt functionality for a business’s own requirements is always possible, and the Nxt developer community will be happy to provide support for custom solutions where required.

There is no absolute need to use the provided Nxt client software (the NRS client) if users do not want to, since Nxt can be utilised directly from within other applications by using the Nxt API, which currently has around 150 function calls. Full documentation for Nxt API can be found on the Nxt Wiki.

Examples of projects that have been or are being built with Nxt include MyNxt.info, a browser wallet that supports plugins; DeBuNe, a company building business tools with Nxt; and Pangea Poker, a fully decentralised poker application.

Nxt Foundation and PayExpo

Last month, the Nxt Foundation was incorporated as a portal organisation to act as a point of contact for the Nxt community and anyone interested in the possibilities offered by Nxt – either from the cryptocurrency world or from the wider mainstream business community. The Nxt Foundation can also connect anyone with project ideas involving Nxt, such as entrepreneurs and business owners, with developers who can support or implement ideas and projects.

The people within the Nxt Foundation have a background in sales, marketing and software development, and are happy to help people explore the possibilities of using Nxt.

The NXT Foundation will be the official Cryptocurrency Sponsor of the upcoming PayExpo event, to be held in London on the 9th and 10th June 2015.

Anyone is welcome to contact the Nxt Foundation at bas@nxtfoundation.org should they have any questions or require any assistance with Nxt, or a project involving Nxt.

NXT in Space!

Nxt is also a sponsor of the Low Orbit Helium Assisted Navigator (LOHAN) project: a private UK-based initiative to launch an autonomous 3d-printed drone to the edge of space. This mission will carry a copy of the Nxt client software on its flight control computer, taking Nxt to new heights.

For more information please go to: www.nxt.org

Media Contact:

Name: Bas Wisselink, Nxt Foundation Director

Email: bas@nxtfoundation.org

Phone: +31 (0)6 13937762

Buy NXT and BTC with NETELLER

European Bitcoin and cryptocurrency gateway Coinimal is adding NETELLER as a payment option. The move represents the first time a crypto business has ever worked with NETELLER, which offers instant deposits and withdrawals to millions of customers around the world.

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Coinimal, a new Bitcoin and cryptocurrency merchant based in Vienna, Austria, has announced a ground-breaking partnership with NETELLER. Coinimal was launched in December 2014 with the aim of addressing the difficulties of obtaining Bitcoin in Europe and has since become one of the foremost options for both buying and selling crypto coins, including NXT and Litecoin.

NETELLER: a global partner

The development is a natural one for Coinimal, enabling customers to buy bitcoin with the speed and security of an established global partner. NETELLER has a series of payment options including credit cards, prepaid cards and bank transfers, and accepts bitcoin payments as a way to fund cash accounts – making all of these available to Coinimal’s customers via their fully-automated platform.

For NETELLER – which is currently planning to acquire its biggest competitor, Skrill, in a €1.1 billion deal – the partnership is a first foray into the crypto space and comes after several months of negotiations with Coinimal led by CEO Eric Demuth. ‘In my opinion NETELLER decided to do this pilot project with us because they feel that we are the most sophisticated, serious bitcoin gateway in the world, and our compliance is stellar,’ commented Coinimal CEO Paul Klanschek. ‘We are extremely proud to be the first crypto merchant in the world to accept NETELLER officially.’

Growing fast

Coinimal is well positioned to expand in the fast growing European market and will announce new features and partnerships over the coming weeks. Customers can currently buy €25 worth of Bitcoin without full verification of their account, allowing them to test the platform easily.

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Read more news from Coinimal @ https://www.coinimal.com/news/

 

The value of crypto coins

Nxt and SuperNET to the rescue!nxt-iphone

There is only one reason that 7 billion people are suckered into the game of Central Banking, and that is FEAR. People FEAR others will take their VALUE away from them and they run to centralized bankers for help.

But, given that 97% of it is based on debt, how can the mainstream fiat monetary system which we’re still obliged to use meaningfully represent people’s VALUE – i.e. their economic self-sufficiency? Surely debt is the opposite of value, unless you’re a bank.

It seems intuitively obvious that money based on something tangible and in short supply, e.g. gold or silver, must be better for society than a minority elite creating money out of nothing. Indeed, until 1971 most national currencies were still based, albeit indirectly, on gold which at least is something that most people believe has intrinsic worth and which, more importantly, acted as some sort of restraint on the amount of money that could be created. But nowadays of course the (privately owned) banks simply create money without any effective restraint at all.

Result: the minority elite game the system and in the process steal more and more of our VALUE. It’s been going on now for a long time but it’s coming to an end. The fiat monetary system is broken beyond repair. The minority elite know it and they’re running scared.

Thanks to information technology and cryptography (and of course to ‘Sataoshi Nakamoto’), we now have a way whereby a minority elite can no longer continue to directly CONTROL nearly 100% of the VALUE. They can neither possess 100% of the physical and tangible NOR can they directly control the ledger.

Over the centuries, money has taken a wide variety of forms, including (to name but a few) gold, silver, iron ingots and cowrie shells and, since 1971, debt-based representative paper (i.e. fiat money) and, more recently, electronic digits in computer memories.

But whatever form it takes, money has no intrinsic value of its own independent of the value ascribed to it by those who use it.

WE ARE THE VALUE

To thrive, people need an honest ledger of account that is not easily co-opted. We need a neutral, unbiased record keeper. Gold is far superior to being an honest ledger than fiat, since gold is much more limited and can be held directly by the one who created the value. You can’t just hit the print button and have infinite gold come spewing out.

The Elite can use fiat to buy up most of the Gold, Silver, Opal, Diamonds, Platinum, etc etc etc, but the elite cannot ever buy up all the real value because real value resides in the people.

People may wonder what currency has the potential to hold its value the best. Another way of asking this is, what ledger is the most honest and the most difficult to control and manipulate?

Gold itself is not modern technology, therefore it does not play well with the Internet. Gold may never be able to integrate disjointed technologies. You have to take gold with you or you have to trust someone to hold it for you. If you pack gold with you it holds you back and if you keep it in a Centralised suppository it disappears.

To a certain extent, the private ownership of gold, at least in theory, is effectively a decentralised financial system, in that it enables transactions to take place between private individuals without the need for any centralised control, unlike fiat which of course is controlled by banks and governments. However, in practice gold only operates as a very basic, costly and limited form of decentralised financial system.

THE REVOLUTION WILL NOT BE LICENSED

Everything needed to replace the elite’s technology has already been built. Everything needed to render their tech obsolete and hence rendering them obsolete has already been built.

Fortunately, we now have available to us the ultimate means to have an honest, decentralised and extremely difficult to manipulate ledger; moreover, one that is becoming more flexible, integrated and powerful by the day. Unfortunately, very few People have so far adopted this technology, mostly because it is still not well integrated.

DeCentralised Technology is one of KEYS to releasing the shackles on humanity, and you can keep LOCKING it back up or support those trying to steal the keys.

A few months ago, while sitting on a plane, I fell into a bit of a meditative state where I picked up on some things I would never have realized only from conscious thought. I am a long time ‘spiritual’ person, of which there is literally almost ZERO support in the CRYPTO world, even though CRYPTO has immense power to aid the freeing of the world. I am also a bit of a CRYPTO fan and I was shown how the CRYPTO world was trapped in a SHOW ME THE MONEY, LINEAR, very male dominated type LEFT brain mentality. So, I thought I might dabble in trying to bridge the two and see what barriers I come up against, almost as an experiment. It’s as one might expect. The spiritual, new thought, more right brain types, don’t get crypto but are generally positive so crypto info is basically ignored with a few ‘interesting’ type comments, but very little interest.

Spiritual freedom is not well understood by the almost dismissive knee jerk reaction of the very male orientated left brain crypto world. I watch patiently waiting for the two to converge.

Also read:
The value of 10 NXTs
SuperNET CORE coins
Nxt [CORE]: Monetary System

Write for NXTER.ORG and get paid in crypto currency

Mind The Gap

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 Nxt – mind the gap

Meet Nxt representatives live at the online crypto-conference ‘Mind The Gap’ on 10th April 2015.

Nxt is one of the Platinum Sponsors for the upcoming Mind The Gap crypto-conference.

Mind The Gap will be held online, using the CryptoMoneyExpo virtual conference platform, and is intended as an event that will bridge the worlds of crypto, gambling, finance/payment processing and mobile money applications. It’s a unique opportunity to talk to representatives of the Nxt crypto platform live. The Nxt community will pitch in, attend, and produce material for this virtual conference.

Manx Telecom wrote this [PR]:

‘Manx Telecom, the Isle of Man’s leading communications provider and only twin Tier 3 data centre operator, is proud to announce their platinum sponsorship of the Mind The Gap Expo on 10th April 2015, alongside the ‘Blockchain 2.0’ crypto-currency platform NXT and featuring speakers from around the world talking about crypto/digital currencies.

Described as ‘building the bridge between the crypto and financial worlds’ and attracting over 2,500 registrants in advance, the virtual exhibition will showcase key players of the rapidly developing digital currencies sector. Commenting on the company’s sponsorship, Dale White, UK and Channel Islands Business Development Manager, who is speaking at the event said:

“Innovation and pioneering new technology have always been part of Manx Telecom’s role in developing the Isle of Man’s competitiveness as an international business and finance centre. The digital currencies sector is a perfect fit, combining Manx Telecom’s world class data hosting facilities at Douglas North and Greenhill data centres with our diverse, global connectivity via off-Island cable links and/or our mobile roaming agreements with over 180 countries. We’re looking forward to working closely with Coinstructors as organisers of the Expo and our other Isle of Man colleagues across government, fiduciary, legal and banking sectors to grow our customer base in this sector.”

Virtual exhibitions such as Mind The Gap are becoming more common. Hosted in an online environment similar to a three dimensional website, they offer all the same layout, functionality and promotional opportunities as physical exhibitions, but without the travel, logistics and high costs to exhibit, and are free to attend.

Lee Gibson Grant, Founder at Coinstructors, added:

“We’re delighted to have Manx Telecom on-board supporting what will be a major event in the digital currencies calendar this year. As a jurisdiction, the Isle of Man has lots to offer in terms of telecommunications and power infrastructure, corporation and personal tax, inward investment grants and business-friendly legislation. We’re honoured to showcase the best the Isle of Man has to offer on a global stage to our visitors.”

See www.mindthegapexpo.com for further information, speakers and sponsors.

Key Note Speaker: Brian Kelly. An expert in global financial markets, macro-economics and digital currencies. Brian Kelly has over twenty years experience in financial markets and is the author of the book The Bitcoin Big Bang – How Alternative Currencies are About to Change the World. He is a CNBC contributor and can be seen regularly on Fast Money. Brian is a graduate of the University of Vermont where he received a BS in Finance. He also holds an MBA from Babson Graduate School of Business with a concentration in finance and econometrics.

Brian’s topic will be: The Future of Finance is Flat: Exploring the Investment Opportunities Created by Digital Currency and Blockchain Technology

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Trusted Nxters who are interested in attending can contact EvilDave from the Nxt Foundation:

Dave Pearce
dave@nxtfoundation.org
EvilDave on www.nxtforum.org.

Imagine

Imagine a Nation of Teachers all resigning at once and each creating their own educational systems.  Some systems fail miserably, some turn out to be spectacular. Some of the teachers who had the least success revamp their systems after looking closely at successful systems and those who refuse to change get abandoned by their students who then move to the more successful systems. Imagine this goes on for 5 years, for 10 years, and then try to imagine the vast and nearly limitless range and scale of the ideas of the unshackled minds of the kids (now adults) who are no longer suppressed by the Centralised Educational systems whose primary purpose is to keep you a Slave.

Imagine a Police Officer, who has choked a man to death for selling a cigarette, allowing himself to reflect deeply and truthfully on the enormity of what he did and thereby see himself as we all see him. Imagine that Police Officer then announcing to the world how sorry he is for allowing the institutional violence perpetrated upon him by his centralised seniors to so badly affect his basic common sense and innate humanity. The other officers, so moved by this Police Officer’s contrition, join forces with the people, realizing that people are NOT inherently bad or violent. On the contrary, the people are generally good, it’s just that we have all been tricked and divided and falsely led by the Media and our Leaders.

Imagine what the world would look like if those who are meant to protect, stop entrapping, stop having a primary purpose of revenue generation, stop using civil forfeiture, stop arresting for victimless crimes and stop trying to cover up the truth.

Imagine what the world would look like if the people, in their masses, decided to start supporting truly Organic Farming, sustainable practices, a shorter work week, non-debt based societies, and a belief in abundance vs scarcity. Imagine a world without big AGRA pollution and franken foods and the slow destruction of the beautiful humus soil that so nurtures our planet and all of its species.

Imagine millions of people worldwide, having finally had enough of Central Banking and being spied on,  start genuinely looking for alternative ways of communicating, alternative ways of financing, real security and privacy on the Internet, and so much more.

When I imagine this, I always see Nxt and the SuperNET as an integral piece of the solution.

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