[crowdfunding] The First Book About Nxt

The first book about Nxt

Crowdfunding campaign: 5th December 2015 to 5th January 2016

We need your support
NXT-DE5P-4A5T-6SHU-7FHCV

What is this book ?

Initially published as a pdf, it will be the first multi-lingual, tangible symbol of the real-life, global, transformative potential of Nxt.

More specifically, co-published by Nxter Magazine and Plaisir d’histoire (Ludom), it will be the printed (paper) version of the free pdf-book that was published to celebrate Nxt’s second birthday. It contains articles written in English, Russian, French, Spanish and Chinese.

***

http://test.nxter.org/nxt-2nd-birthday/

nxt-2nd-bday

Introduction
by apenzl …………………………………………………………………………………. 4

Что делает Nxt криптоплатформой второго поколения?
(English: What makes Nxt crypto platform 2nd generation?)
by abctc …………………………………………………………………………………. 11

The original spirit
by Bas ‘Damelon’ Wisselink ………………………………………………………….. 17

Nxt son histoire et son potentiel
(English: Nxt – its history and potential)
by Lionel ‘Ludom’ Jeannerat …………………………………………………………. 28

Three unappreciated Nxt services
by Cassius ………………………………………………………………………………. 52

Nxt financiación colectiva
(English: Nxt Crowdfunding)
by Rubén BC ……………………………………………………………………………. 58

Nxt Foundation:
How to market a decentralised, open source organisation
by Dave ‘EvilDave’ Pearce ……………………………………………………………. 73

The Value of 10 NXTs
by ChuckOne …………………………………………………………………………… 80

SuperNET
by Cassius and apenzl ………………………………………………………………… 87

中国正在觉醒
(English: China is awake)
by NxtChina ……………………………………………………………………………. 97

The regulatory process:
if you‘re not at the table, you‘re on the menu
by Robert Bold, Kushti, Jean-Luc and Riker …………………………………….. 105

***

In summary, our goals are:

  • Produce a high quality, limited edition of the English language version of the book in printed (paper) form.
  • Translate the book into each of the other 4 languages depending on demand and to make them available initially as pdfs.
  • Produce paper versions of the book in each of the other 4 languages either as ‘Print-on-Demand’ or in high quality, again depending on demand.

See below for further details.

Why we need your support

This project needs support from the community: morally and financially.

Morally: we need your support to help sustain our motivation. If our project doesn’t have the community’s support, we have no reason to continue working on it.

Financially: we need your support so that we can create high quality publications of the book in paper form, starting with the English Language version.

Each copy sold during the campaign will be numbered and signed by Ludom on behalf of Nxter Magazine and Plaisir d’histoire.

Over time, as Nxt becomes established as a financial ecosystem, it is anticipated that the book will become an increasingly valuable collector’s item.

Our projected costs are:

  • Printing cost: 200 books
    (150mm x 220 mm, 136 + 4 pages,
    Interior B/W 90gr Premium,
    Couverture Quadri 235gr Integra Antalis,
    Spine Sewn and glued).
  • Shipping cost, taxes and custom fees (30% of the book’s price).
  • Miscellaneous costs: ISBN and Swiss National Library registration of the books, shipping of the books for the contributors (writers, editors and translators).

Plaisir d’histoire will pay the FIAT bills but wants to be reimbursed in crypto-currencies, assets and MScoins.

Nxter Magazine and Plaisir d’histoire need 200’000 NXT or its equivalent in value in other crytocurrencies, assets or MScoins to produce and deliver a high quality paper version of the book in English.

How you can support us

nxt-crowdfunding

Buying e-book and paper books

Once a week during the campaign, the prices, which are determined in USD, will be converted into crypto value and published on the Nxtforum.

Worldwide delivery will be available.

Tokens to buy e-books are:

ebookeng: E-book in English

Asset ID 18310681715601320988
https://trade.secureae.com/#18310681715601320988

ebookfre:  E-book in French

Asset ID 762274092038885351
https://trade.secureae.com/#762274092038885351

ebookrus: E-book in Russian

Asset ID 18284118483914201034
https://trade.secureae.com/#18284118483914201034

ebookspa: E-book in Spanish

Asset ID 2728308106613828176
https://trade.secureae.com/#2728308106613828176

ebookchi: E-book in Chinese

Asset ID 10707307993124388284
https://trade.secureae.com/#10707307993124388284

The price of the e-book is 2$ (Price in NXT and other tokens on Nxtforum).

Tokens to buy paper-books are:

Pbookeng: 1 paper book in English

Asset ID 7676447843512066742
https://trade.secureae.com/#7676447843512066742

Price: 20$ (Price in NXT and other tokens on Nxtforum).

TENGB (MScoin tradable, controllable): 3 paper books in English (16% discount)

Price: 50$ (Price in NXT and other tokens on Nxtforum).

XENGB (MScoin tradable, controllable): 10 paper books in English (25% discount)

Price: 150$(Price in NXT and other tokens on Nxtforum).

LENGB (MScoin tradable, controllable): 50 paper books in English (50% discount)

Price: 500$ (Price in NXT and other tokens on Nxtforum).

How to buy with NXT

Buy the tokens that you want on the asset exchange or on the MScoin exchange. Verify the ID of the assets.

How to buy with a listed asset

Send the required amount of the asset (look at the price list on Nxtforum)) to NXT-DE5P-4A5T-6SHU-7FHCV with a message that explains what you buy.

How to buy with other assets or MScoins

We can accept other crypto-value. For more details, send a message to ludom@test.nxter.org or an arbitrary message to NXT-DE5P-4A5T-6SHU-7FHCV.

How do you send the books

When the e-books are ready, we will send an encrypted message to the asset holders with instructions how to download the e-books.

When the books have been printed, a confirmatory message to that effect will be sent to the assets/MScoin holders. As soon as each holder sends us back the token with their physical address, Plaisir d’histoire will send the book(s) to their address.

Where any part of the campaign fails to meets its objectives, we will buy back the tokens concerned.

Free donations and account leasing

Feel free to make donation to the account NXT-DE5P-4A5T-6SHU-7FHCV. We accept everything:

NXT, assets, MScoins, alias, nice messages and anything-else you like.

During the crowdfunding campaign, the account will be forging all the time, the forging revenues will be part of the funding. You can lease your account to support the project.

Special rewards

Alias system

On Nxtforum, we’ll organise an auction to sell a special alias: SurpriseAlias. The winner of the auction will buy the alias on the Nxt platform.

This alias will be printed in large font on the first pages under the words: “Discover the link of SupriseAlias”.

Early bird discount grunge rubber stamp on white background, vector illustration

Marketplace

15 x Early English Bird (17$):

The English language version of the book will be sold with a 15% discount. Each Nxt account will be limited to one book at this discount.

You will also receive 1 asset Pbookeng.

If you want more than one book at a discount, please buy the TENGB, XENGB or LENGB MScoins.

4 x Little advertiser (200$):

You receive a XENGB (10 books) + a half page of the book for your advertisement.

2 x Big advertiser (600$):

You receive a LENGB (50 books) + a full page of the book for your advertisement.

10 x E-book life subscription (40$)

You receive the asset NxterSub (1637207859198711678). This asset gives the right to receive for free every e-book published by Nxter Magazine for EVER.

FreeMarket

Additionally, to show our support for this promising Nxt project, we will be selling 15 Early birds and 10 E-book life subscriptions on FreeMarket.

I want to help in some other way

Contact Ludom of Plaisir d’histoire: ludom@test.nxter.org or NXT-DE5P-4A5T-6SHU-7FHCV

What are the goals

The main goal: English paper book

We want to publish a really good quality book in English. We don’t want to use the print-on-demand solution because the print quality is bad and the profits are tiny.

To print 200 books, we need 200’000 NXT of crypto-value. All the NXT, assets and the MScoins are in the “First Nxt book” account NXT-DE5P-4A5T-6SHU-7FHCV.

The campaign will end on the 5th January 2015.

Updates of the estimated value of the ‘First Nxt book’ portfolio will be published regularly on Nxtforum.

Secondary goals: other language versions of the book

Since there would certainly be less demand for editions of the book in other languages, we are putting forward the following proposals:

20 e-books: translation into any of the other 4 languages: Russian, French, Spanish and Chinese.

If 20 assets of an e-book in one of the above languages are sold, we will begin translating it into that language. You can buy as many assets as you want to support your own language version of the book.

50 e-books: paper book published as Print-on-demand

If 50 assets of an e-book in a particular language are sold, we will launch the corresponding asset PbookXXX and the MScoins (x3, x10 and x50). You will then be able to buy the paper book in this language.

Subject as provided below, the quality of the book will be ‘Print-on-Demand’.

30 paper books + 150k NXT: paper book ‘best quality’

After the main goal of 200k NXT has been reached, for every additional 150k NXT, we will publish the book in a new language in the same quality as the English language version.

To qualify for high quality publication, a minimum of 30 copies of the particular language version of the book must have been purchased. Where two or more language versions of the book qualify, the best seller will be the one chosen.

FAQ

Who am I?

My name is Lionel Jeannerat (‘Ludom’ on Nxtforum). I’m a Swiss. I work freelance in History and game design and carry on a publishing business under the name Plaisir d’histoire. I am responsible for managing this campaign and the logistical aspects of publishing the book.  My website is: http://www.plaisirdhistoire.ch/

I’m working with the core team of Nxter.org, the Nxter Magazine. They are responsible for editing and translating the book. Their website is: http://test.nxter.org/

We are all well-known and, we like to think, trusted in the Nxt community.

What will we do if the goals are not reached?

First, we’ll all be very disappointed!

Second, I’ll rebuy every asset that can’t be exchanged with the promised product.

The articles are already available to read, so why should you support us?

Yes, it’s true. You can already read the articles for free, at least in their original languages: http://test.nxter.org/nxt-2nd-birthday/

But our ambition extends beyond this campaign.

Our future projects

Nxter Magazine and Plaisir d’histoire want to build new projects on the Nxt platform. This campaign is the first of the projects we are planning based on the Nxt platform.

The Nxt marketing

An excellent, beautifully produced book about Nxt is a great tool for Nxt marketing. A PDF or a cheap Print-on-demand Book is a poor substitute for that. And, if we have books in other languages, we can of course reach more people.

We want to print more books than are sold during the campaign. Having a good stock available in each language will enable us to market it, and therefore Nxt, more effectively.

To that end we want to increase the book’s distribution via online and physicals books shops.

A new example of the use of Nxt platform

As you can see, we will be using every feature of Nxt in our crowdfunding campaign. Nxt needs its crowdfunding platform to be used in as many different ways as possible in order for its flexibility and effectiveness to be fully demonstrated. The success of our campaign will provide a further demonstration of the power of Nxt.

If the campaign is as big a success as you envisage, what will you do with the extra funding?

We won’t make any profit until the book is published in each language: English, French, Chinese, Russian and Spanish. And we need 200k + 150k + 150k + 150k + 150k NXT = 800k NXT for that.

If we funded more than that, it would mean that we would have sold more and the shipping cost would therefore be bigger too. Firstly, I would pay the extra cost with the extra funds.

After that, the surplus (i.e. the profit) would be shared between the contributors (1/3), Nxter.org (1/3) and Plaisir d’histoire (1/3). This revenue would be used to reward the writers, editors and translators, and to prefund our future projects on the Nxt platform.

What will we do with the funding?

Plaisir d’histoire will pay every FIAT bill of the project. If the costs don’t exceed what is planned, there is no reason to sell any of the fund.

Plaisir d’histoire pays in FIAT and receive the equivalence NXT and/or assets, that’s it.

If there is good liquidity to sell them, I’ll do it during and after the campaign. But we don’t want to crash the price of any token. If people want to buy some of our assets, they can propose their price.  This would be another good way to help us meet our objectives and therefore help Nxt. Contact me at ludom@test.nxter.org

PICISI to release Nxt MS currency ‘Pi’ on August 31st

picisi

Promising Crowdfunding Site Set To Release New Cryptocurrency August 31st

In an effort to raise startup funds to develop what promises to be an innovative crowdfunding site (PICISI.com), PICISI is launching a new cryptocurrency today to coincide with the start of their 15 day crowdfunding effort.

PICISI (Philanthropic Investments and Charity for Inventions, Startups, and Ideas) is a crowdfunding project that has been in development for a number of months.

Pi (PICISI issued currency) is the common name given to the cryptocurrency (currency code: NUMUS) PICISI created 4 months ago that is now ready to be released to the public.

Pi/NUMUS (Latin for currency) was created using the NXT Monetary System. NXT is one of a handful of highly advanced cryptocurrency platforms often referred to as ‘Bitcoin 2.0’ platforms.

Pi was designed to play an integral role in the long-term business development of PICISI in the following 3 specific ways: initially, like all national currencies, to raise startup funds; secondly to use in the day-to-day operations of PICISI; and finally to provide a funding resource for major capital expenditures, e.g. Money Services Business licenses for all 50 US states, which could amount to $1M.

PICISI’s mantra is ‘Promotion, Promotion, Promotion’ – this is primarily how Pi will enter the marketplace. Promotion Contractors are self-employed individuals from all around the world who do PICISI assignments. They are primarily writers, but also video producers, graphic artists, marketing professionals, and social media experts. Once registered, Promotion Contractors are able to work on various PICISI assignments to earn Pi.

Knowing that cryptocurrencies are notorious for being volatile investment instruments, PICISI plans to provide Pi with a level of stability by instituting a value adding ‘rebuy’ plan – as PICISI earns fiat, it rebuys Pi on the open market.

As a crowdfunding site PICISI expects to earn revenue primarily through fees charged to campaigns, and through various sponsorship opportunities. Under the rebuy plan, earnings in the form of fiat (USD, GBP, CAD, or any other national currency) will be used to buy Pi at public cryptocurrency exchanges. PICISI also indicates that if an official exchange sponsor is in place, all Pi purchases made by it will take place at that exchange.

PICISI sees Pi as an international currency that will fund global entrepreneurship; you can purchase Pi (currency code NUMUS) at the rate of 117.75 NXT per Pi here: https://nxtportal.org/currencies/1350076970661039300, or via any NXT wallet by clicking “Monetary System”, “Currencies”, “NUMUS”, and “Exchange”.

To learn more about Pi, contact PICISI at Pi@PICISI.com

———————-

This article is for general information and news purposes only. It does not take into account readers’ personal circumstances or investment objectives. As with any investment, readers should carry out their own due diligence research before making (or refraining from making) any investment decision.

The value of crypto coins

Nxt and SuperNET to the rescue!nxt-iphone

There is only one reason that 7 billion people are suckered into the game of Central Banking, and that is FEAR. People FEAR others will take their VALUE away from them and they run to centralized bankers for help.

But, given that 97% of it is based on debt, how can the mainstream fiat monetary system which we’re still obliged to use meaningfully represent people’s VALUE – i.e. their economic self-sufficiency? Surely debt is the opposite of value, unless you’re a bank.

It seems intuitively obvious that money based on something tangible and in short supply, e.g. gold or silver, must be better for society than a minority elite creating money out of nothing. Indeed, until 1971 most national currencies were still based, albeit indirectly, on gold which at least is something that most people believe has intrinsic worth and which, more importantly, acted as some sort of restraint on the amount of money that could be created. But nowadays of course the (privately owned) banks simply create money without any effective restraint at all.

Result: the minority elite game the system and in the process steal more and more of our VALUE. It’s been going on now for a long time but it’s coming to an end. The fiat monetary system is broken beyond repair. The minority elite know it and they’re running scared.

Thanks to information technology and cryptography (and of course to ‘Sataoshi Nakamoto’), we now have a way whereby a minority elite can no longer continue to directly CONTROL nearly 100% of the VALUE. They can neither possess 100% of the physical and tangible NOR can they directly control the ledger.

Over the centuries, money has taken a wide variety of forms, including (to name but a few) gold, silver, iron ingots and cowrie shells and, since 1971, debt-based representative paper (i.e. fiat money) and, more recently, electronic digits in computer memories.

But whatever form it takes, money has no intrinsic value of its own independent of the value ascribed to it by those who use it.

WE ARE THE VALUE

To thrive, people need an honest ledger of account that is not easily co-opted. We need a neutral, unbiased record keeper. Gold is far superior to being an honest ledger than fiat, since gold is much more limited and can be held directly by the one who created the value. You can’t just hit the print button and have infinite gold come spewing out.

The Elite can use fiat to buy up most of the Gold, Silver, Opal, Diamonds, Platinum, etc etc etc, but the elite cannot ever buy up all the real value because real value resides in the people.

People may wonder what currency has the potential to hold its value the best. Another way of asking this is, what ledger is the most honest and the most difficult to control and manipulate?

Gold itself is not modern technology, therefore it does not play well with the Internet. Gold may never be able to integrate disjointed technologies. You have to take gold with you or you have to trust someone to hold it for you. If you pack gold with you it holds you back and if you keep it in a Centralised suppository it disappears.

To a certain extent, the private ownership of gold, at least in theory, is effectively a decentralised financial system, in that it enables transactions to take place between private individuals without the need for any centralised control, unlike fiat which of course is controlled by banks and governments. However, in practice gold only operates as a very basic, costly and limited form of decentralised financial system.

THE REVOLUTION WILL NOT BE LICENSED

Everything needed to replace the elite’s technology has already been built. Everything needed to render their tech obsolete and hence rendering them obsolete has already been built.

Fortunately, we now have available to us the ultimate means to have an honest, decentralised and extremely difficult to manipulate ledger; moreover, one that is becoming more flexible, integrated and powerful by the day. Unfortunately, very few People have so far adopted this technology, mostly because it is still not well integrated.

DeCentralised Technology is one of KEYS to releasing the shackles on humanity, and you can keep LOCKING it back up or support those trying to steal the keys.

A few months ago, while sitting on a plane, I fell into a bit of a meditative state where I picked up on some things I would never have realized only from conscious thought. I am a long time ‘spiritual’ person, of which there is literally almost ZERO support in the CRYPTO world, even though CRYPTO has immense power to aid the freeing of the world. I am also a bit of a CRYPTO fan and I was shown how the CRYPTO world was trapped in a SHOW ME THE MONEY, LINEAR, very male dominated type LEFT brain mentality. So, I thought I might dabble in trying to bridge the two and see what barriers I come up against, almost as an experiment. It’s as one might expect. The spiritual, new thought, more right brain types, don’t get crypto but are generally positive so crypto info is basically ignored with a few ‘interesting’ type comments, but very little interest.

Spiritual freedom is not well understood by the almost dismissive knee jerk reaction of the very male orientated left brain crypto world. I watch patiently waiting for the two to converge.

Also read:
The value of 10 NXTs
SuperNET CORE coins
Nxt [CORE]: Monetary System

Write for NXTER.ORG and get paid in crypto currency

NXT Weekly 26.01.2015

Welcome Nxters: newcomers as well as long-time community members!

News Summary

Nxt has just released another major feature: The Monetary System, which allows users to issue customized coins on top of the Nxt Network. The community has voted on whom to entrust with spending our community funds, lots of 3rd party projects are cooking, the Consensus Research Group has released reports about the Nxt PoS algorithm, and also: You can now donate towards the possible destruction of our blockchain. Sounds massive? It is. This is NXT Newsletter #16.

top_no10

In this week’s issue, the focus is mainly on the inner workings of the Nxt core tech and the Nxt Community.

Topics

  • The MS launch
  • CFC: Voting result
  • New Nxt core devs
  • Kill the blockchain!
  • Consensus Research Group
  • Hail to the old committees
  • Quote of the week
  • Words of Wisdom of the week

The Monetary System launch

The Nxt Monetary System (MS) has launched. Using the various parameters outlined here, anyone can now create customized currencies on top of the Nxt blockchain. New coins can be designed for specific purposes, some of which are touched on in this article.

750+ currency names were registered within the first 24 hours of the launch, making it a good day for forgers, with approximately 370K NXT in fees (40NXT – 25,000 NXT per registration) being paid out.

With the Monetary System, you can create coins without having to set up and bootstrap a network, as it’s already backed and secured for you by the Nxt Network. Bootstrapping is one of the biggest hurdles to overcome when launching a new p2p coin, so this is of particular relevance whether you’re a person, a business or a local community which wants to go digital with an already existing local currency. Loyalty points, game currencies, and controllable/pegged currencies are easy to create, it’s even possible for existing coins to be moved onto the Nxt blockchain. The Nxt wiki has a great in-depth tutorial, and if you need further help, you can visit the Monetary System forum.

Another use case is the ‘crowd funding coin’, which is ‘sold’ in exchange for donations; if a pre-set amount of ‘coins’ have been ‘bought’ at a pre-set time, the funds are released to the issuer. If not, the money is returned to the donators/buyers. This feature turns Nxt into a 100% decentralized crowdfunding platform.

As usual with Nxt, this new core feature doesn’t come with an in depth ‘For Dummies’ manual. Use cases are proposed, but the community is encouraged to test, learn and tweak it, brainstorm and find more use cases. If you want to play around with issuing currencies, you are advised to start by doing so on the Nxt Testnet.

Nxt.org has set up an easy to access testnet node, and a well-funded account will provide you the testNXT you need to get familiar with the Monetary System. Instructions and testnet can be found here.

On mainnet new ‘PoW’ coins like EGOLD, ELEMS and FORKK are being minted with the Nxt Mint Worker Utility and sold in the in-client exchange, whilst in the giveaway threads in Nxtforum useless MS currency coins, created out of thin air for a 40 NXT fee, are being given away for free.

While some early MS coins are meaningless, others have clear purposes. These are a few examples:

ORA

ora_logo

The Ora project started out on bitcointalk.org with an idea of making a “free and fairly distributed” 2.0 PoS coin based on the Qora source code. Ora describes itself as being a “leaderless, decentralized ‘starfish’ community software development project”. The initial method of stake distribution was a giveaway using the Nxt Asset Exchange: 889 people registered for a free stake of 166,666 assets each, between June 24 and July 8.

On Nov. 25 Ora announced that it would be launched as a Monetary System coin.

Kora:

When CFB first suggested this option in June the only real reservation was that ORA would be dependent on the NXT platform for its very existence. Six months on, as NXT celebrates its first birthday we believe the connection with NXT is a major advantage for ORA. The NXT ecosystem is resilient, vibrant, and grows stronger every day, and the development output over the last 12 months has been truly staggering.

We believe the NXT platform offers ORA long term network stability, just as TCP/IP offers stability for higher order protocols like HTTP, FTP, SMTP, and this stability will allow us to focus our resources and attention on the more ‘retail’ level concerns, like user experience, leaving the ‘backstage’ grunt work of network security and stability for NXT. As always, we welcome any feedback our stakeholders might have, and we take this opportunity to invite all people to join us, particularly those with dev skills who are interested in developing the ORA applications that will run on NXT.

ORA’s three letter code is the ISO compatible, ‘XOR’, so ORA is set up for future growth and international recognition.

ZIN

ZIN_Logo

Sepehr:

We have issued ZIN as a POS Crypto in NXT Monetary System and will assign everybody with a SMS Number 100 ZIN soon! It can be the biggest airdrop ever in Cryptocurrency history!

Sepehr is a veteran Nxter from Iran, and also the issuer of another asset, Forgecoin, which has earned him trust in the community by paying dividends to its holders for 7 months.

CryptoZin will make NXT (as well as the MS coins built on it), BTC and other top altcoins simple to use for anyone with a smartphone. We don’t yet know whether ZIN will have its own monetary value or not. But by sending a Nxt backed cryptocurrency as a promotional offer to “anyone in the world with a mobile phone”, Sepehr will be indirectly demonstrating the value of his service. ZIN will prove to a non-tech audience that CryptoZin not only works but also is so easy to use that they can send ZIN/MS coins on to friends or even grandparents. Next step, of course, will be to teach them the value of real cryptocurrencies. CryptoZin plans to integrate SuperNET.

https://nxtforum.org/assets-board/(ann)-(cryptozin)-cryptocurrency-for-anyone-with-a-smartphone!-)/

TSC

jl777 has suggested in SuperNET Slack that he will issue an MS coin with a special use case. Exactly how he will tweak it, is something we’ll have to wait and see, as the announcement only contains limited information about this.

jl777:

I want to make a short life cycle realtime currency for poker chips. We need a way to do 1000 tx per second between the players as the poker players are playing that fast. Any change in players extinguishes the currency, and it goes to something more solid, maybe NXT, maybe some MS coin. I believe I figured out how to achieve realtime tx, backed by locked NXT, freely exchangeable, verifiable. Still some unsolved issues but I feel the locked MS coin is a key part of this.

James has not earned his respect in the crypto world by talking tech without backing his words with actual code. So we might soon see a new MS use case turn up here, as part of a feature in his brainchild, the SuperNET.

LTB or not?

Swiss NXT and Bitcoin investor Marc De Messel has recently offered Adam B. Levine to buy out all Let’s Talk Bitcoin coins for 4 million NXT, provided that Adam would use NXT as his reward currency instead. After having his offer appreciated but turned down for various reasons , Marc changed his offer to this: If the LTB crew and community re-issues their LTBcoin experiment as an MS coin with additional features, Marc will back it with 2 million NXT in addition to its own current net worth.

The discussion about his offer is ongoing and can be followed here.

So what’s next?

The Monetary System can be used in its most raw form within Nxt’s NRS client (like any other core feature), but as usual with Nxt, further developments, including third party ones, are quick to appear or at least be under discussion: a java ‘minter’ has already been launched, NxtMint, there’s talk going on about making easily customized standalone MS-wallets, MyNXT has released an MS-plugin for their online wallet, and MS enhancement proposals are being discussed with the core devs.

To discuss the use of MS currencies in Local Exchange Trading Systems, visit this thread.

Anyone can build on the Nxt platform for free. There’s a list of API calls here, and a list of the public nodes available for all. Inside.org is an initiative designed to help new Nxt programmers, and on the forum, you can get help from the Nxt core developers themselves. Nxt is an easy to use crypto platform, and with the MS core feature launch, Nxt has now taken another big technological step forward ahead of the competition. The current use cases for the NRS client are merely the tip of the iceberg of possibilities, as described in the Nxt [CORE] article series.

CFC: Voting result

The proposal on how to structure a new and pro-active Nxt Community Fund (as mentioned in the last newsletter) was adopted with 94.1% of the votes, meaning that the remaining NXT (approximately 6M in total) from the 3 existing community funding committees will be transferred to this NEW committee, which will be given authority to act and spend on behalf of the Nxt Community.

On December 03, interested Nxters were asked to nominate themselves for one of the 8 unpaid positions in CFC. On January 14, a 2 weeks’ voting round finally began and the result of the vote is the following lineup:

Chair : EvilDave
Secretary: Cassius
Business position : Damelon
Technical member : ChuckOne
Treasurers: DomP and Pouncer

Congratulations to all those elected and not least a great big THANK YOU!

New Nxt core devs

A new developer team has joined our CORE dev team. They will implement:

  • Global Collaboration, which includes:
    • Project Management.
    • Regular and flexible payment models via simplified Smart Contract Transaction.
  • Reputation System.

Their vision is a decentralized business network (https://nxtforum.org/debune/announcing-debune/).

NRS manager ChuckOne writes:

Please welcome the new members of the core dev team by providing donations or help to them. Roberto is going to release assets for crowdfunding in order to try covering their expenditures for both the NRS core additions and their third-party application DeBuNe on top of Nxt.

Welcome, Roberto (Capodieci), Yudi and aryanatameiyana. A full list of Nxt core devs are here.

Kill the blockchain!

A week ago a visitor from Bitcointalk made it to the Nxtforums.

cynicSOB:

Hi! I’m cynicSOB and I’m a cynical SOB
and I’m here to hack your coin
white hat
promise!

Nxt raises funds for its funeral

BCNext once advised: Do not trust strangers on the Internet, especially if their nickname is “BCNext”. It’s not the first time that the Nxt Community has set up bounties and dared hackers to attack the Nxt blockchain and kill it. cynicSOB has been met with open arms and best wishes by the community, as well as pledges of both NXT and BTC bounties from Nxt veterans, and EvilDave (former TechDevFund Committee member, now chair in the new Community Funding Committee) is offering cynicSOB technical support to carry out the attack. Unfortunately, an attack on the Nxt blockchain would cost around 3,7 million dollars, so the attack will be carried out on testnet.

EvilDave:

Could we please beef up the TestNet and get some more nodes up? I’d like to see around 20 nodes, with at least 10 forging accounts. We may need to do some serious TestNXT redistribution, as cynicSOB will also need a substantial amount to set up an attack (10% of the total was suggested) as well as substantial sums for the forging accounts.

Let’s see if the creation of BCNext and the Nxt CORE dev team can be trusted. We’re in the hands of cynicSOB. The ongoing drama can be followed here.

rlh:

Only in Nxt do prominent Nxt users want to see their coin hacked!  We know our devs can innovate past any verified flaw! ;D

Consensus Research Group

December 12, Kushti published a simulation tool for Nxt forging on GitHub, taking a less ‘cynical’ approach to the same declared goal – testing whether the Nxt PoS tech is as secure as we claim it to be or not. With ‘Consensus Research Group’, Kushti has started what he calls “the first independent research group going to bring formal verification to the world of cryptocurrencies.”

Kushti:

Cryptocurrencies suffer from unproven claims, bold statements, low-quality ‘papers’ and naive implementations, though the cost of an error could be very high (USD$ millions).

Consensus Research Group is going to improve overall quality of thinking about cryptocurrencies with:

  • proven open-source reference implementations code made partly at least in Coq programming language/theorem prover (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coq).
  • executable simulations anyone can play with (to e.g. find best parameters under some assumptions).
  • formal but understandable papers.
  • coins’ developers’ consultations.

The research project began when Kushti started writing a series of personal blog posts about the Nxt forging algorithm. Following up on the ideas contained in the first 2 posts, his friend andruiman published a statistical paper on some of the properties of Nxt forging, thereby causing a heated debate in the Nxt forums. He converted Kushti’s model into Coq, “proving some basic properties as theorems, and introducing multi branched forging (which could be turned into so-called Transparent Forging during implementation and also to open the door to Nothing-at-Stake investigation.”

Paper on attacks related to Multibranch Forging:  https://github.com/ConsensusResearch/articles-papers/blob/master/multistrategy/multistrategy.pdf

1st paper: http://www.scribd.com/doc/248208963/Multibranch-forging
MultiBranch Forging Simulation Tool: https://github.com/ConsensusResearch/MultiBranch
Nxt PoS forging simulation tool: 
https://github.com/ConsensusResearch/ForgingSimulation

Vitalik Buterin (Etherium) has discussed the first paper in this thread on reddit.

On January 14, 2015, Kushti concluded:

Nothing-at-stake attack – not possible at the moment! Will be possible when a lot of forgers will use multiple-branch forging  to increase profits. (…) In such scenario attack is possible only within short-range e.g. with 25 confirmations needed 10% attacker can’t make an attack. And attack is pretty random in nature, it’s impossible to predict whether 2 forks will be within N best forks (from exponentially growing set) for k confirmations. So from our point of view the importance of the attack is pretty overblown.

People are invited to carry out their own experiments using N@S simulation tool.

Kushti first entered the Nxt stage as the lead developer of a Techcrunch Disrupt Hackathon project, Cryptamail, a decentralized email system built on top of Nxt. He joined the Nxt CORE dev team as a tester and subsequently went on to develop several Nxt core features, including the Voting System and 2-Phased Transactions.

Consensus Research Group has issued a crowd funding asset (‘consensus’, asset ID 5841059555983208287) which is sold in lots, the timing of the sales being based on the achievement of certain development milestones. The price of each asset is 1 NXT and should be bought only from the Issuer account. There will be no dividends but there will be opportunities for investors to start research projects by vote. You can view all the results here: https://nxtforum.org/consensus-research/

Hail to the ‘old’ funding committees

To round this off, let’s take a look at some of the projects that the soon to be obsolete Nxt Funding Committees actually funded.

Recurring core developer salaries

The most valuable investment of the community funds: The core of the Nxt platform.

Nxtwiki.org

https://wiki.nxtcrypto.org/

300,000 Nxt to cover 12 months of bounty funds at 25,000 Nxt per month.

NxtWallet / NRS GUI

400,000 NXT. http://nxtra.org/nxt-wallet/ (redirects to nxt.org)

Freenxt.org

10,000 NXT for the faucet. http://freenxt.org

Nxt-Starter.com

One of the first community initiatives to get funded. 200K NXT were sent on April 23 to the NXT crowd funding site initiative, but then things got complicated. On October 27 POPPP announced that the site was finally up.

Nxt-Starter.com is fully functional but still in its first version. Payments are made through a coinpayments.net solution – the plan is to integrate p2p funding with NXT and MS-coins directly, making the payment system fully decentralized. If you want to raise a bounty for the NXT Community, you can do it here for no fee. In addition to running crowdfunding campaigns you can get a page for your Nxt Marketplace store, and list projects that have already got funded.

Nxt-Starter is part of the NXTweb asset, which will also contain a freelancer and a microjob website, based on source code from CoinEvolve. But, as they say, that’s another story.

The Nxt B-day giveaway

10 random NXTER.ORG newsletter subscribers have been picked as the winners of 100 NXTP each, as announced in the last NXT Newsletter. The Nxt Community was asked for random numbers, which we checked against our list of email subscribers to find the lucky winners and then asked them for their Nxt account ID to receive their prize. Congratulations to the winners!

6 x 100 NXTP have been sent out. As for the last 4 winners, if they haven’t claimed their prizes before 27.01.2015, new winners will be picked – so now is the time to check your inbox and spam box.

Quote of the week

Damelon

Work needs to be rewarded

Words of wisdom of the week

ChuckOne:

NXT will be the fuel currency of the Nxt ecosystem. People will pay NXT to forgers (as they do now) in order to get transactions verified. Forgers will sell NXT to people in exchange for currencies. So, there will be a market that determines the price of NXT.

Also read: The Value of 10 NXTs

The value of 10 NXTs

Introduction

What is the value of 10 NXTs?, you may ask. This article might give you an answer. Let’s start off with a short dialog though.

“What is the value of $10?”, the teacher asked his class. “$10, of course”, a student responded quickly.

“Try to explain it without using $10”, so the student rethinks and replies with a grin: “10 times $1, right?” But the teacher is still not satisfied: “Well, what is the value of $1 then?”

Another student joins in the discussion: “$10 is worth whatever you can buy with them”.

For one thing, this short conversation illustrates the fallacy which many people fall for when they try to understand what the value of their assets and disposable income is; for another, it succinctly shows the way in which people commonly understand the value of a monetary unit, for example the US Dollar: the value of $1 simply being the amount of goods and services one can get in exchange for $1 (in other words: its purchasing power).

One might then ask: how do you measure the value of a dollar? The simple but unsatisfying answer is: it’s the amount of goods and services you can buy with it. A more complicated, but equally unsatisfying answer (because of its reliance on other artificial constructs), involves exchange rates, Treasury notes and foreign exchange reserves. The value of the US Dollar, like any fiat currency, therefore depends on factors seemingly far removed from people’s lives. For the reasons put forward in the next section, it remains difficult to understand the real everyday value represented by the US Dollar even if one uses it many times each day.

Goods and Services

One big problem with using goods and services to demonstrate the value of a fiat currency is their lack of interchangeability: whereas one dollar bill is entirely interchangeable with any other dollar bill, different goods and services (although they may cost the same) are not of course interchangeable. This lack of interchangeability makes it impossible to ascertain whether, say, 10 bottles of beer (purchased for $10) is a better or worse measure of fiat value than, say, 5 loaves of bread (also purchased for $10). In effect this is the same issue facing government statisticians who have to choose which items to include in the average consumer’s notional shopping basket for the purpose of measuring changes in a country’s consumer prices index.

A related problem is that the precise nature of numbers gives an appearance of certainty to things which don’t actually possess it. Thus, people fail to understand either the real value of $10 or the real value of ‘5 loaves of bread’ which are in practice both as imprecise as each other: dollar bills, although they are interchangeable, have no intrinsic value in themselves, only in terms of what they can buy; however, the things that can be bought with dollar bills, although they do of course have intrinsic value in themselves, are not interchangeable and therefore have no dependable utility as a measure of value.

The lack of preciseness can be ascribed to the lack of a measuring tool which serves in a replicable way to measure the value of something no matter where, when and by whom it is bought and sold. The nearest thing available is the market price expressed in units of fiat currency. However, the market price of something is not necessarily the same as its value. Although an important indicator of value, the market price only tells us the minimum amount that people are prepared to pay, but not the maximum amount (i.e. their willingness to pay). Moreover, due to external factors, under- or overvaluation might occur – i.e. short term prices may be too low or too high compared with the long term average.

The need for a measuring tool, as described above, would quickly become evident were you to go into a grocery shop and ask the price of something. Such a question would definitely produce different answers depending on whether the shop was located in North America or in Asia (leaving aside the question of conversion rates). Repeating this experiment 10 years from now would also result in different outcomes. Furthermore, businesses adjust the prices of their products to better meet the requirements of their trading partners or customers on a deal to deal basis.

Given that observation, we can ask the question how are prices created and how do they change? That is a field of ongoing study which is outside of the scope of this article. Prices are the result of complex social interactions, political considerations, emotions and even the technological progress. In the remaining part of this article, we will discuss what the value of a NXT is.

Transactions

When using the Nxt platform, all you need are NXTs. You can buy goods and services on the Nxt Marketplace, you can buy assets on the Asset Exchange, you can buy brands, cast votes and much more and all you need to have are NXTs. Those tokens are the default currency unit of the economy platform: Nxt. With them, you can buy a variety of native Nxt objects as well as user-generated content, products and services. However, we still have the same imprecise definition of the value of 10 NXTs as we have with $10.

There is, though, another element that plays an important part in helping to determine the value of one NXT. NXTs are not only relevant to pricing goods and services but also to paying for transactions. Transactions are the most basic native objects you can buy with your NXTs. They are and will be omnipresent in the Nxt platform. At the time of writing, 1 NXT is worth 1 transaction (in most cases). Thus, the value of 10 NXTs is the ability to buy 10 standard transactions, like those described above. That basically means if you have n NXTs in your wallet, you can buy n transactions from the network.

We can describe an experiment to measure the price of a transaction in Nxt. The price for a transaction – also called a fee – has a minimum at which the network accepts the transaction. It is encoded in the social contract enforced by the Nxt network and its current implementation can be found at the repository. This experiment can be repeated irrespective of who you are or where you are. It can only change over time if the network agrees to change. From this point of view, the minimum transaction fee is the most equal and transparent price we have; independent of your location and yourself.

Given that tool, we can now measure how much a good or a service on the Nxt Markeplace is worth in terms of transactions. When we pay somebody 25 NXTs for his service, we are in effect enabling him to perform 25 further transactions and we can do 25 transactions less than we could before.

When analyzing the calculation of the minimum transaction fee, one can recognize a correlation between the minimum fee and the size of the transaction. However, the correlation does not apply whilst, as is currently the case, the relevant coefficient is set to zero. It is assumed that in future versions of the Nxt protocol, the network will decide to raise this coefficient in order to better reflect the actual expenditure of verifying and propagating transactions of a specific type through the network. Still, the process of price setting is visible and verifiable and equal among all people using Nxt. There are many possibilities regarding how to agree on these coefficients and other constants which make up the minimum fee. However, this is a problem which needs to be addressed in another article.

Conclusion

value-of-nxt

Each NXT represents the ability to buy exactly one standard transaction which gives us a precise tool to measure how much worth a good or a service would be. Instead of asking how many NXTs does it cost, you might equally well ask: if I buy this good or service how many fewer transactions will I be able to carry out (i.e. how many transaction performances will it cost me)? Similarly, the seller, instead of asking how much NXT can I get for this good or service can just as well ask: if I sell this good or service, how many more transactions will I be able to carry out (i.e. how many transaction performances is my good or service worth)?

Thus, 10 NXTs are worth 10 transaction performances or the goods and services you can get for them in exchange.

This article is also available in French.

A few upcoming Nxt features explained

True to form, the NXT Core Developers continue to deliver groundbreaking new features for Nxt.

Because of their uniqueness and many possible use cases, I am especially excited about these ones (expected to be released within the next few months): the Monetary System, Voting System, and 2-phased Transactions.

Monetary System

UPDATE: Nxt Monetary System is released 

The Monetary System is the feature closest to being released and, at the time of writing, it will be brought to the mainnet at block 330000 (roughly Jan. 10th). This is a way for anyone with a few NXT to create a fully fledged digital currency. MS has a unique property: namely its ability to mint currencies. Minting is very similar to mining with the key distinction that it is used solely for the distribution of a currency and the MS currency doesn’t need to rely on its miners for blockchain stability unlike the typical alt-coin.

The minting property has four main advantages:

  1. It helps miners of other cryptocurrencies to feel at home on a PoS system like Nxt.
  2. There is a steady and ongoing distribution and therefore now a way for minters to create value on Nxt’s blockchain, thereby providing another powerful answer to the negative comments often made about Nxt’s initial distribution (to stand alongside this one: the supposedly unfair distribution was, in fact, a deliberate move to create a sustainable system).
  3. A mintable currency doesn’t depend on the minters for the blockchain’s security, a MS currency that no one mints being just as safe as one with a large hashrate. Every MS currency is backed by the stability of the Nxt network.
  4. With mintable currencies, there will be a way, in effect, to transfer electricity costs into the value of a MS currency which can be directly traded for NXT, allowing for NXT to be exchanged without having to deal with exchanges at all.

Also, MS currencies have the advantage of being controllable and, as such can be pegged, for example, to USD, or backed by gold or silver, thereby helping to ensure a degree of stability. This would bring us closer to solving the common cryptocurrency problem of volatility and allow for an MS currency to be used to purchase items without the fear of drastic price drops or rises.

Voting System

UPDATE: Nxt Voting System is on public testnet, ask for testNXT here.

Next we have the Voting System, scheduled to be released in Nxt version 1.5, once the MS has been fully integrated. The voting system allows for polls to be created, voted in, and counted, all from within the Nxt blockchain. You are also able to weigh the voting, either by the amount of NXT owned, or by the amount of a specific Nxt asset owned. The most interesting subset in my opinion is weighing a poll by the amount of an asset owned.

With this, a number of things are possible:

  1. Asset owners can seek a consensus from asset holders about a specific question.
  2. Assets can be created and distributed in order to create decentralized voting committees that are given polls to vote on created by any member in the community.
  3. Polls can be created without fear of a Sybil attack (one person pretending to be many people to vote more than once) because one person with, for example, a holding of 100 jl777hodl has the same voting weight as 100 people who each have a holding of 1 jl777hodl.

Also see: Nxt Voting System Teaser Video

Phasing

UPDATE: Nxt Phasing is on public testnet, ask for testNXT here.

Finally we have the most abstract of the soon-to-be-released features: 2-phased transactions. This doesn’t yet have a definite release date, but will hopefully be launched around the same time as the Voting System, as parts of it rely on VS.

2-phased transactions are Nxt’s implementation of multisig, but extend the definition of multisig to include many more functions and use cases. Basically, a user is able to define a transaction in two phases: the first phase being when the details of the transaction are defined (e.g. the amount of NXT to send and the recipient), and the second being when the transaction is released into the system. 2-phased transactions will also enable the account-holder to make a transaction dependent on the results of a poll. This greatly widens the range of possible use cases of 2-phased transactions:

  1. Asset holders can now vote to veto or accept payments made by the asset issuer or company on whose behalf the asset was issued.
  2. Trust-less escrow is possible by phasing two transactions in parallel.
  3. Joint accounts can be run with ease.

As these features become operational, thereby allowing people to have control over making their own currencies, polls, and phased transactions, the use cases of Nxt as a platform will start to increase exponentially and Nxt will have moved still closer to achieving its goal of being a viable decentralized economic platform.

Nxt is in the process of giving financial power back to the people. With this power in their hands, who knows what will be created next.

Other links:

The Nxt [CORE] article series
Nxt – The Economy Platform – Usecases for everybody

Nxt Monetary System NRS client 1.4.8

UPDATED January 11, 2015 (details below)

Get the client.
NRS installation tutorial here.
A guide to the NRS Client interface is found here, or watch the video tutorials.

Read more about Nxt Monetary System

Latest NRS client: 1.4.8

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Release 1.4.8

https://nxtforum.org/nrs-releases/nrs-v1-4-8/

sha256:
253b2b2cdafbe80627997bfebc3c667ec4df80d0435f8e5e5e472cb27d9bbfe4  nxt-client-1.4.8.zip

Change log:

Removed some validations and logic no longer needed after the Monetary System
block.

Added a checkpoint at block 330000.

Various minor UI bugfixes.

Fixed currency search. Fixed handling of very high minting difficulties.
Fixed concurrency issues with Scrypt minting, can use multiple threads now.

Allow use of https for submitting minting transactions, set
nxt.mint.useHttps=true. Note that this will accept any SSL certificate as valid,
therefore will not protect you against man-in-the-middle attacks when minting.

Allow no more than one unconfirmed minting transaction per account and minted
currency to be accepted in the unconfirmed pool.

Improvements in translations handling, documented in DEVELOPERS-GUIDE.md.

Better validation of hallmarks for peers with multiple addresses. Do not
blacklist peers with invalid hallmarks but just treat them as not hallmarked.

Blacklist peers with versions older than 1.4.

As more than 720 blocks have passed since the MS block, nodes older than 1.4
are now on a fork that will not be resolved by itself. To fix that, upgrading
such nodes from a version older than 1.4 to this release will cause deletion
and full download of the blockchain.

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UPDATED, January 6, 2015 :

NRS client: 1.4.7

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Release 1.4.7

https://nxtforum.org/nrs-releases/nrs-v1-4-7/

sha256:

1965173efb65925828a629154a404782e3a9ad9d3e64e7093bf78734342825d3  nxt-client-1.4.7.zip

Change log:

This is a mandatory update. Everyone should update to 1.4.7 or later before
block 330000.

The Message Pattern in AccountInfo feature, introduced in 1.4.0e, has been
disabled, and will not be activated at block 330000. This is to prevent
possible denial of service attacks by malicious regular expression patterns
which can cause excessive CPU load with certain inputs. This feature will
probably be introduced again in 1.5, but with a predefined set of allowed
well behaved regex patterns.

Multiple minor UI improvements and bugfixes.

Enhanced nxt.allowedBotHosts property to also accepts a range of addresses
using CIDR notation.

This release will perform a rescan on first start, on testnet only.

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UPDATE, January 01, 2015: NRS 1.4.6

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Release 1.4.6

https://nxtforum.org/nrs-releases/nrs-v1-4-6/

sha256:

817445f7407e0f4e3eb43163e53c9eb2eb46804ee4be3d107c9d8fb229ce2901  nxt-client-1.4.6.zip

Change log:

Set MS block to 330000 in the UI too, so that the MS features menu appears
after that height.

Enforce that currency exchange offer expiration height is after the current
blockchain height.

Refactoring of the UI html, splitting index.html into multiple files.

Added offer and transfer links to currency exchange booth UI.

This release will perform a rescan on testnet only, with a rollback to block
159305.

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NRS 1.4.5 

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Release 1.4.5

https://nxtforum.org/nrs-releases/nrs-v1-4-5/

sha256:

9292e785c394cb951fc7bf26160137a00896e59764439455abca0da580bb5758  nxt-client-1.4.5.zip

Change log:

Enable Monetary System at block 330000. This is a hard fork, therefore everybody
should upgrade to 1.4.5 or later before that.

If upgrading from 1.3.x, read the 1.4.0e and later changelogs for the important
changes and new features introduced in the 1.4 series.

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You can test Nxt Monetary System on Nxt testnet.

For more information see
http://test.nxter.org/nxt-monetary-system-on-public-testnet/ 

To verify SHA256:
https://wiki.nxtcrypto.org/wiki/How-To:VerifySHA256

To verify GPG software fingerprint:
https://wiki.nxtcrypto.org/wiki/How-To:VerifyGPG

Also you can verify the signed post from Jean-Luc matches his GPG fingerprint:
http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/da/id/gpg-howto.shtml

 

Nxt [CORE]: Monetary System

Nxt’s Monetary System allows users to create new decentralized currencies on top of the secured Nxt blockchain. New coins are highly customisable, with a wide range of parameters that can be set to govern their properties and use.

The Nxt Monetary System (MS) enables the launch of altcoins without going through the trouble of bootstrapping the currency with its own blockchain and network, thereby removing a major impediment to easy, real-world adoption and use of different customized cryptocurrencies.

The ultimate value of a new coin is determined by the market, depending on adoption and demand, and by the parameters set by the issuer. However, coins may also be created by ‘locking’ a certain amount of NXT, thereby giving a floor value to the issued currency at which they can be redeemed for NXT if desired.

With Nxt, new coins are highly customisable, with a wide range of parameters that can be set to govern their properties and use. It is possible to launch an MS coin that is distributed by proof-of-work, but secured by Nxt’s PoS algorithm. It is also possible to create fiat- and commodity-backed tokens for particular real-world applications.

These allow for the creation of bespoke and niche currencies for highly specific applications, crowdfunding coins, ‘regular’ altcoins, reward points, coins pegged to fiat currencies or precious metals, while also being a stepping stone to new future Nxt features, such as p2p loans, meaning that Nxt can become the underlying tech for a completely decentralized banking system.

When? Now!

MS can be explored in the Nxt testnet, ask for testNXT here.

The main net NRS release that will implement the MS System has also been released. Monetary System will be activated with block 330000, and nodes not running 1.4.5 or later will be on a fork.

mscoins_testnetTestnet screenshot

Read an NRS installation tutorial here or on nxt.org.
A guide to the NRS Client interface can be found here – or watch the video tutorials.

Potential impact and significance

Monetary System offers greater exposure to NXT as the machinery that powers financial transactions, over and above its utility as a currency; however, this does not imply that NXT itself will become worthless. NXT remains a ‘decentralised store of value’, with fixed supply. MS currencies may become something akin to a decentralised credit system, meaning that users transact with MS coins but all of them depend on NXT for their ultimate utility.

Of course, this does not mean that MS will not catalyse a shake-up of the NXT ecosystem, providing an impetus for the redistribution of existing NXT wealth, as Come-from-Beyond writes:

‘In the beginning we will have an epoch of instability when hundreds of currencies will pop up every day. After a while some currencies will become more and more popular, but the whales will have their wealth dispersed among thousands and they will get only a fraction of initial wealth in the most popular currency.’

The Monetary System is necessary because different currency properties are suited to different applications. Having a series of currencies that fit the needs of the market are the obvious solution to the one-size-fits-all problems of both fiat and any single cryptocurrency. For example, as Come-from-Beyond also writes:

‘Having a fixed currency supply (like Bitcoin and NXT) isn’t ideal for all situations. Fixed currency supplies make a great ‘store of value’, but they make lousy credit systems. The Monetary System is simply another tool to allow people to create local currencies to break free of centrally controlled fiat.’

NXT will be bought by those looking to create currencies – it will not be used to purchase alternative currencies (as is presently the case).

ChuckOne writes:

‘NXT will have one specific use case only: to enable transactions. Nxt Monetary System is about separating power from economy. So, we can basically move the NXT Economy from this platform to another one if something is wrong with NXT or to penalize forgers if they misbehave.’

MS enables a series of far-reaching developments, including:

  • Coin shuffling. Claimable currency units can be shuffled and returned at the same exchange rate, allowing for anonymous transactions without potential loss of value in the process.
  • Fiat-backed tokens. Once USD, GBP, EUR or other fiat currency-backed coins are trading, it will be possible to send fiat money using the NXT infrastructure. This brings the benefits of speed and very low transaction costs to international money transfers. Unlike with Bitcoin and other cryptocurrency transactions at the moment, there would be no volatility, and exchange rates would be negligible (or zero, since these tokens could simply trade internally within the NXT system indefinitely, until the recipient wanted to redeem them against fiat).
  • Local currencies and exchange trading systems to benefit specific economies.
  • Niche loyalty tokens issued by businesses to reward customers. These tokens would also be freely and globally tradeable, meaning the market would set their value beyond what they could be redeemed for within the business in question.

ms_testnet2The NRS Client exchange, testnet screenshot

Monetary System: specifications

The following descriptions are taken directly from MS documentation as it stands at the time of writing. Documentation may change without notice. Latest version can be found here: https://bitbucket.org/JeanLucPicard/nxt/issue/205/monetary-system-documenation

Overview

The ‘Currency’ entity is the basic building block of the NXT Monetary System, currency has a unique name and code and uniqueness is guaranteed by the protocol, currencies can be deleted and their code can be reused under certain conditions.

The total currency supply is divisible into currency units. Like assets, currency units support decimal positions implemented as a client side feature. The maximum number of currency units which can be issued per currency is similar to NXT: i.e. 10^9 * 10^8. The actual maximum units supply is set by the currency issuer. The currency issuer is the account which issues the currency and pays the issuance fee. The issuer is responsible for setting the currency properties and in some configurations has additional control over the currency usage. Like asset balance, currency units can be transferred between accounts.

Currency Properties

The currency entity supports several properties. Properties can be mixed and matched in various ways to compose the currency type. The currency type then controls the inner workings of the currency. The list of available currency properties is as follows:

EXCHANGEABLE – the currency can be exchanged with NXT. Holders of the currency can publish an exchange offer specifying the buy and sell rate of the currency, in much the same way as banks or currency exchanges publish their exchange rates. Each account can publish only a single exchange offer at any given time. Exchange offers have an expiry block after which they are no longer in effect.

Buyers and sellers can issue exchange requests to match published exchange offers. Unlike asset bid/ask orders, exchange requests are not saved, they are either executed immediately (fully or partially) or not executed at all. A match of exchange offer with a buy or sell exchange request creates an exchange entity which represents the transfer of currency units, in return, to NXT balance and causes the relevant account balances to update. Issuing an exchange offer reduces the NXT and currency balance of the offering account temporarily until the offer expires. Exchange offers also specify a limit on the number of exchanged units which can be larger than the number of units offered. When a buy exchange request matches an exchange offer the number of units offered for sell is reduced and the number of units offered for buy is increased as long as the limit has not been reached. Once the exchange limit of an exchange offer has been reached, this exchange offer can no longer be used.

CONTROLLABLE – currency property suitable for currencies which need to track an external entity. It imposes the following limitations on the currency: (1) Currency can be transferred only to/from the issuer account (2) only the issuer account can publish exchange offers. The issuer account can issue a large (practically infinite) supply of units in advance, then transfer units to accounts, or offer to exchange units, to reflect actual transactions which take place in an external system. The large supply of units in the issuer account can be used to mimic the effect of creating units out of nowhere to support features such as creating new units and interest payments.

RESERVABLE – currency units are not issued immediately. Instead the currency issuer sets a block height by which the currency is to be issued and a limit of NXT per unit needed in order to issue the currency. Currency ‘founders’ then spend their NXT to reserve their currency stake. If the amount of NXT per unit needed in order to issue the currency is not reserved before reaching the block height the issuance is cancelled and funds are returned minus fees. If the required reserve is allocated, the currency is issued and units are split between founders according to their proportional stake of invested NXT. In case of rounding, leftovers are sent to the issuer account. See below for a discussion of usage scenarios for Reservable currency.

CLAIMABLE – currency units of reservable currency can later be claimed at the same NXT per unit rate reached when reserving the currency. The ability to claim a currency at a certain rate imposes some practical limits on the rates at which users would want to exchange it. However claimable currency can also be exchanged if only for the purpose of exchanging the whole currency supply, so that the currency can be deleted.

MINTABLE – currency can be minted using proof of work algorithms in much the same way as Bitcoin. Unlike Bitcoin mining, minting currency does not secure the network (this is done by NXT). Minting is used solely for creating new currency units and serves as the only mechanism to increase the number of available units after the currency issuance.

NON_SHUFFLEABLE – this property indicates that in the future this currency cannot participate in coin shuffling. By default currencies are allowed to participate in shuffling.

Properties are combined into an Integer bit mask designated as the Currency type.

Currency Exchange

For exchangeable currency, each currency holder account, can publish a single exchange offer specifying the buy rate and sell rate vs NXT and the number of units she is willing to exchange (which cannot exceed her available currency units and NXT balance). Users can observe all currency exchange offers (intuitively similar to fiat exchange offices) and try to match them with buy/sell exchange requests. An exchange offer has an expiration height, as well as a limit on the total number of units which can be exchanged. When units are bought from an exchange offer the number of units to sell increases automatically and vise versa. The publisher can also limit the total transaction volume of currency units traded for a specific exchange offer.

Deleting a Currency

Since the available currency codes are limited to 3, 4 or 5 uppercase letters, the total number of codes is limited to 26^3 + 26^4 + 26^5 – 1 = 12355927 unique values (The code “NXT” is reserved), it is likely that some of these codes will have value in themselves. Therefore deleting a currency is possible under certain conditions depending on the currency type. Users may re-issue a currency, or delete a currency and then issue a new currency, with the same code but with different properties. In order to delete or re-issue a currency an account must poses all the currency units (and additional conditions apply based on the currency type)

Creating new Currency Units

The only way to create new currency units after issuing a currency is using proof of work minting. Other methods of creating units are susceptible to denial of service attacks and/or sock puppets and are therefore not allowed. The controllable currency type provides a partial solution for creating new units, by allowing the currency issuer account to treat her supply as a treasury and only consider units outside of this account as the total currency supply. This approach requires users to trust the currency issuer which can increase the currency supply at any time.

Minting

Users can issue minting requests in order to mint additional currency units. Each minting request triggers a hash calculation based on the submitted data and the currency hash algorithm. The resulting hash code is compared to the target value derived from the current currency difficulty. Minimal and maximal currency difficulty values and minting algorithm are specified when issuing the currency and cannot be changed later. The expected number of hash calculations (i.e. difficulty) of minting the first unit is 2^minDifficulty while the difficulty of minting the last unit is 2^maxDifficulty. Difficulty increases linearly from min to max based on the ratio between the current number of units and the total supply. Difficulty increases linearly with the number of units minted per CurrencyMint request, small minters can mint only a few units per request while large minters can mint large number of units per request.

The number of units per minting request is limited to 1/10000 of the total unit supply. Minting is limited to a single minting transaction per block/account/currency. Currency issuers can specify initial supply of units as a ‘pre-mint’ supply assigned to the issuer account then use crowd funding by making the currency RESERVABLE and EXCHANGEABLE.

Once the currency becomes active the delta between the current supply (reserved supply) and total supply can be minted. The NRS provides a Java based, reference implementation minter, which can be used for minting. In practice we expect users to enhance this minter to calculate hash codes using their Asics or GPUs, trying to match the current target, and when solving a hash, to submit a currency mint transaction (thus paying a fee).

However the hash code is smaller than the target, the currency units are credited to the sender account.

See the documentation for the reference implementation ‘Mint Worker’ utility here #207

Store of Value

The combination of RESERVABLE and CLAIMABLE properties can be used to allocate initial value for a currency by locking NXT. Once the currency is activated the reserved NXT are locked and the only way to release them is to claim back the currency units in return for NXT. This provides the currency with a value based on the locked NXT balance. Note: locked NXT do not participate in forging, therefore, in theory its possible that a large amount of NXT becomes locked as a currency store of value thus reducing the amount of NXT used for securing the network; we are aware of this problem and will monitor it closely. We do not expect this to become a major problem any time soon.

Crowd Funding

The combination of RESERVABLE and EXCHANGEABLE properties can be used for crowd funding; in this configuration the NXT balance reserved by founders is not locked, instead it is sent to the currency issuer account once the currency becomes active. The issuer can use these NXT for its operations and the founders cannot claim back their currency units, only exchange them based on the published exchange offers. Currency issuers can specify the initial supply as ‘pre mine’ and the founders get to share the difference between the reserve supply (also named ‘pre-activation’ supply) and the initial supply.

Fees

Currency issuance fee is based on the length of the currency code:

3 Letters – 25000 NXT

4 Letters – 1000 NXT

5 Letters – 40 NXT

Re-issuing an existing currency with different properties costs 40 NXT regardless of the currency code length. All other currency transactions (as of today) have a fee of 1 NXT.

Unit conversion

Currency is measured in units and like assets has decimal positions, however the blockchain maintains currency balances as a whole number (QNT). Therefore, for example, in the case of a currency which has 2 decimal positions and the client has reserved 123.45 units, the ‘units’ value submitted in the API call should be 12345. APIs using NXT balances should send the value measured in NQT as usual. When specifying ‘rate’ in the API, it calculates the ratio between NXT balance in NQT and currency balance in QNT.

Example: For a currency with 2 decimal positions. When submitting a buy exchange request for 12.34 units at a rate of 5.6 [NXT/Unit] the values submitted to the currencyBuy transaction should be: units = 1234 i.e. units without decimal position or 12.34 * 10^2 rateNQT = 5600000 i.e. rate converted to NQT then divided by decimal position or 5.6 * 10^8 / 10^2

In order to prevent rounding problems when submitting information to the server, the UI enforces the following rule: If a currency has D decimal positions. Unit values cannot have more than D decimal positions and rate values cannot have more than (8-D) decimal positions. Therefore when issuing a currency, we do not recommend specifying more than 4 decimal digits so that conversion rates are also divisible to at least 4 decimal digits.

Disclaimer

  1. Before issuing a currency we recommend issuing a currency with the same properties on the testnet and experimenting with all parameters since these cannot be changed without deleting the currency.
  2. This documentation reflects the actual code implemented as of this date.

API Documentation

This section is relevant to API and client developers.
https://bitbucket.org/JeanLucPicard/nxt/issue/205/monetary-system-documentation

Nxt Monetary System is only one Nxt CORE feature.

Read other articles from the Nxt [CORE] article series.

Also see: Nxt – The Economy Platform – Usecases for everybody

Monetary System on public testnet

UPDATE:

December 23, 2014, 07:40:06 pm

If you use testnet, an upgrade to this release is required, otherwise your node will stay stuck at block 161375.

—–BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE—–
Hash: SHA1Release 1.4.3ehttps://nxtforum.org/nrs-releases/nrs-v1-4-3e/

sha256:
ac54498c9246593d3aab6f5a2b6f651baa08851856dc0d70402048925f4269f3  nxt-client-1.4.3e.zip

Change log:

Added availableOnly parameter to getBuyOffers and getSellOffers, to return
only exchange offers with non-zero supply and limit, default false. This
parameter is however ignored when both currency and account are specified in
the above APIs.

Added getExchangesByOffer API to get executed currency exchanges for an offer.

Do not log currency exchanges of zero amount.

Fixed setting of peer state. Improvements in connecting to peers.

Added README.md, DEVELOPERS-GUIDE.md OPERATORS-GUIDE.md, and USERS-GUIDE.md
files.

Added search for currencies based on code, name, or description keywords.

Fixed bugs in unconfirmed balance handling in currency exchange and currency
deletion.

This release will perform a rescan, on testnet only.

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UPDATE:

—–BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE—–
Hash: SHA1

Release 1.4.2e

https://bitbucket.org/JeanLucPicard/nxt/downloads/nxt-client-1.4.2e.zip

sha256:
85d5a5dc18a4ab603657da4cf77d39aa31e723e11971f0cdecf77c128a0ef420  nxt-client-1.4.2e.zip

Change log:

Additional validations of Monetary System transactions, and bugfixes
in existing validations.

Allow setting a different file as default page for the API server,
in nxt.apiWelcomeFile, default index.html.

Bugfixes in processing decimal point conversions in the UI, affecting
MS and AE transactions.

Bugfixes in currency minting and in MintWorker. The mint dialog has been
removed, you can mint using the mint worker utility or manually submit a
currencyMint transaction from the test page.

Fixed the UI issue of client not responding after submission of certain
MS transactions.

Fixed duplicate transactions on the dashboard UI issue.

The link to the founders table has moved from the currencies table to the
transaction info dialog. Other Monetary System UI improvements.

Improved peer networking to run the sending of blocks and transactions
to peers in a background thread.

This release will force a rescan on testnet only, deleting blocks after
159306.

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UPDATE:

—–BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE—–
Hash: SHA1

Release 1.4.1e

https://nxtforum.org/nrs-releases/nrs-v1-4-1e/

sha256:

2777a11b701170d7decc01bb82a9049abc37bd293374f852d1810c8195d9842b  nxt-client-1.4.1e.zip

Change log:

This is a bugfix release following 1.4.0e.

Fixed Currency Exchange Booth not working. Fixed currency decimals issue.

Fixed minor bugs in MS transaction validation.

Show total alias count in aliases page. Alias deletion and dividend payment
UI fixes.

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Nxt NRS 1.4.0e

This is an experimental release!

Jean-Luc:

—–BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE—–
Hash: SHA1

Release 1.4.0e

https://nxtforum.org/nrs-releases/nrs-v1-4-0e/

sha256:

9322c03f7e9ddc97278de25a4f14006f00d0c88974c10fabef8d3f031f1aa668  nxt-client-1.4.0e.zip

Change log:

This is the experimental release to test the new Monetary System major feature.
It is enabled on testnet, and those running testnet nodes should upgrade to this
release, even if they don’t plan to use the MS features, otherwise will be left
on a fork. This release is also possible to run on main net, but is not to be
considered stable for production use there. The Monetary System block is not yet
defined for main net.

New features:

Monetary System.
See https://bitbucket.org/JeanLucPicard/nxt/issue/205/monetary-system-documentation
for a detailed description.
See https://bitbucket.org/JeanLucPicard/nxt/issue/207/mint-worker-utility for a
description of the MintWorker tool for currency minting.

Dividend payment transaction. Asset issuers can make a dividend payment to all
asset holders with a single transaction. Required parameters are the blockchain
height at which asset holders shares will be counted (must be less than 1440
blocks in the past), and the amount to be paid per share.

Delete alias transaction. The owner of an alias can now delete it completely,
thus making the alias available for anyone to reserve again if desired.

Message pattern in AccountInfo. An account owner can set a regular expression
pattern in the AccountInfo for his account, using the setAccountInfo API.
Once such a pattern has been set, incoming transactions to this account are only
accepted if they contain a plain text message which matches this pattern. The
syntax follows the java.util.regex.Pattern specification.

API changes:

After MS block, adding a public key announcement when sending a transaction to
an account without a public key will be optional.

Added withMessage boolean parameter to getAccountTransactions and
getAccountTransactionIds APIs, to return only transactions having a message
attachment, either non-encrypted or decryptable by the account.

Added optional includeLessors, includeAssets, and includeCurrencies boolean
parameters to getAccount API. Set to false when retrieving those data is not
needed, in order to improve the getAccount performance.

After MS block, sending messages, selling aliases, and leasing balances, to the
Genesis account, will be disallowed.

The popOff debug API now allows pop off of more than max rollback number of
blocks, triggering a full rescan in such case.

Internal changes:

After the Monetary System block, the order in which transactions in a block are
executed will be determined by the block forger, instead of by id, default being
by arrival time at the forger’s node.

Improvements in blockchain download to prevent getting stuck on the wrong fork.
Nodes will download blocks in batches of not more than 719 blocks at a time
from a single peer, and after each such batch will verify  with
nxt.numberOfForkConfirmations other peers (default 5) if this is the best
fork, before continuing, unless the downloaded batch is of less than 10 blocks.

Rescan status is now saved in the database, to prevent the database from being
left in an inconsistent state when a rescan fails or is interrupted. Once a
rescan has been scheduled, it will be triggered again at restart, until it
completes successfully.

Improvements in the processing of unconfirmed transactions.

This release will perform a rescan on first start.

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Nxt – The Economy Platform

This article series is intended to help you understand Nxt and how you can use it to reach out to your customers, partners, friends and acquaintances.

Nxt is a non-profit initiative which is supervised by many experts in the fields of finance, economy, cryptography, mathematics and computer science. Having access to such a competent community and strong technological basis will enable you to attain your goals without having to trust and pay for expensive third party services.

usecases_nxt

 

Nxt provides a decentralized platform which allows you to conduct various financial, economic and social interactions.

@Everybody

  • Secure Online Banking
  • Secure Shopping
  • Voting, Elections and Surveys
  • Encrypted Messages
  • more…

@Entrepreneurs, Indie Artists and Companies

  • Crowd Funding
  • Sales and Distribution
  • Brands
  • more …

@Professional Traders

  • Secure and Minimal Cost Trading
  • Market Making
  • Dividends, Suffrage and Capitalization for Shareholders
  • more …

@Financial Experts, Local Groups and Cryptofans

  • Your Own Currency System
  • Store of Value
  • Controlling the Currency’s Usage
  • more …

Conclusion

Many more possibilities await you when starting with Nxt.

For further reading, tips and support, please consider visiting nxtinside.org and nxtforum.org.

There are also several videos for you to watch on nxter.org which explain the key elements of Nxt.

What is Nxt building?

Nxt as platform. NXT as tokens of power, not coins. That’s what BCNext imagined when he created the Nxt genesis block back in November 2013, and that’s what he proposed the Nxt Community should follow up, in his plans 1-3. Because in Nxtville: The community decides. And the issue has led to heated discussions from the beginning. Nxt was released as a crypto currency, and many investors wanted it to stay just that. Like any other crypto 1.0 investment, but with killer features to take it to the moon.

Only problem? Nxt just isn’t that. Take it from the horse’s mouth:

BCNext (through Come-from-Beyond):

NXTs r not coins, at least the creator of Nxt didn’t want them to be coins. They r tokens that grant privileges to support Nxt. Deflation is not much better than inflation, “real” coins should be created on top of Nxt and be issued in quantities that keep their value constant. BCNext understands that this is very arguable, the community should decide if it wants to follow the path showed by him or stick to Bitcoin legacy with unchangeable supply of coins in hope to become rich by doing nothing.

But… “real coins in quantities that keep their value constant”? Oh my. What if a NxtCoin really isn’t a coin but a share in a platform which is capable of powering not just other coins, money transactions, smart contracts, asset exchange and now the latest Nxt release: A p2p Marketplace – what if NXTs are real tokens of power, about to renew, decentralize and revolutionize just about everything – even the internet itself? Wah! Not a coin?

But then what about the “mining”/forging part, you might ask, shaky hand hitting the iPad to have another quick look at coinmarketcap, to make sure that Nxt is still there. Well, if you’ve been complaining about the forging algo, that it’s paying you too little, and that the fees are too low to generate real profit, or that the whales are getting more because they own more Nxt…, read on.

BCNext (through Come-from-Beyond):

Selfish miners (those who mine only to earn fees) should be “removed” from the system, they r not interested in success of Nxt and only want to cash-out. (…) True reward for supporting Nxt network comes from services that use Nxt. Someone owns a currency exchange and mine blocks to keep his business running. Another one owns a shop and mine blocks to keep his business running. The 3rd person owns a software company that develops programs for Nxt-based services and mine blocks to keep his business running.

Gulp. Don’t be in it for the “mining” fees. Forge to support the network. Fees will be even lower when the price of Nxt goes higher. The community has decided that. The demand is there. We want our services to use Nxt, and the world too.

You can buy yourself a good read in our NXTER STORE. You can even buy a house with NXT.
But consider the above quote again. It may be time to wrap your head around Nxt.

A new series about 3rd party developers and Nxt businesses will start on nxter.org tomorrow.
It’s called: ON TOP OF NXT.

Stay tuned.

 

This article is also available in French.