Ardor vs. the Competition, Pt. 2: NEM/Mijin/Catapult

This post is part of a series that compares Ardor to other blockchain projects with similar features or goals. You can find the previous posts here:

This week I studied NEM, a public blockchain similar to Nxt in many ways. As I’m primarily interested in each blockchain project’s approach to scaling, I also researched Mijin, a version of NEM for private blockchains, and Catapult, a rewrite of Mijin which promises large performance gains and which will also be incorporated into future releases of NEM.

NEM

Although NEM’s core developers abandoned their initial plan to start NEM as a fork of Nxt, choosing instead to start the project from scratch, NEM and Nxt are still fairly similar. Like Nxt, the NEM platform provides a predefined set of allowed transactions which applications can use as building blocks to create more complex features, as opposed to using a low-level scripting language to construct transactions, like Bitcoin or Ethereum.

Both platforms support a variety of “blockchain 2.0” features, like sending messages, creating and transfering assets, and sending transactions requiring the approval of multiple accounts (m-of-n multisig). And both platforms expose their functionality through HTTP-based APIs, so developers can use virtually any language to write applications for them.

Despite these similarities, NEM also has some notable differences compared to Nxt.

Perhaps the most fundamental one is its novel consensus algorithm, called proof-of-importance. This algorithm is similar to proof-of-stake, except the probability that an account may harvest (i.e., forge) the next block depends not only on its stake of XEM, which is the native coin on NEM, but also on how recently it has transacted with other accounts and how much XEM was exchanged. Accounts that hold a large stake of XEM and which transact frequently and in high volume harvest more blocks than accounts with less XEM or accounts which only rarely transact.

The authors of the NEM Technical Reference argue that, compared to proof-of-stake, the proof-of-importance algorithm gives somewhat less weight to the wealthiest accounts when determining the right to forge/harvest the next block (Section 7.8). Proof-of-importance is also central to NEM’s spam filter, which requires that an attacker not only control a lot of accounts, which is easy to do, in order to spam the network with a large number of unconfirmed transactions, but also to hold a large stake in each account and transact frequently with other high-importance accounts.

In my view, another main difference between NEM and Nxt is the extent to which each platform’s “blockchain 2.0” features are integrated directly into the API. For example, NEM’s assets, called “mosaics,” share several features with the Nxt Monetary System’s currencies, but NEM does not have a built-in decentralized exchange for mosaics. (As a side note, the NEM Foundation has contracted with Blockchain Global to create a traditional, centralized exchange featuring mosaic-based ICO tokens.) Similarly, while you could certainly build a decentralized marketplace on top of NEM where users could buy and sell goods and services, NEM does not have such a marketplace built into its API the way that Nxt does.

Finally, one subtle but very important difference between NEM and most other blockchains, including Nxt, is the way that it handles multisignature transactions. Instead of allowing any account to generate a multisig transaction, NEM introduces the concept of a multisig account and requires that all multisig transactions originate from such accounts. Any co-signatory on the account can initiate a transaction from it, and the transaction is only executed if a sufficient number of the other co-signatories approve it.

At first this might appear to be a limitation, since it requires a separate multisig account for each set of co-signatories a user wants to cosign with, but it has two key advantages: the multisig account is a full account, capable of receiving payments, messages, and mosaics, for example; and co-signatories can be added and removed, so custody of the multisig account can be transferred. It is possible to create a “1-of-1” multisig account, i.e., an account with a single custodian who can transfer it to a different custodian if desired. In this way, multisig accounts on NEM can act like transferable containers for XEM, mosaics, and messages.

One particularly impressive application of this concept is a notary service built on NEM called Apostille. With Apostille, the process of notarizing a document looks like this:

  1. Hash and sign the name of the document.
  2. Create a multisig account for the document derived from the resulting signature.
  3. Hash and sign the contents of the document.
  4. Send a message containing the result to the document’s multisig account.

Note that the last step also attaches a timestamp to the document, since the transaction that transfers the document’s signed hash to the multisig account is recorded on the blockchain.

As an example of a potential application of Apostille, the authors of the white paper consider a case where the notarized document is a car title. Ownership of the car can be transferred by changing co-signatories on the multisig account that contains the title; messages describing maintenance and repairs can be sent to the multisig account to record the car’s service history; and mosaics issued by governments or insurers could attest to payment of fees. In this way, the multisig account represents both the car itself and the history of other accounts’ interactions with it.

Anyway, that’s quite enough about NEM. Next, Mijin.

Mijin

At a high level, Mijin is a version of NEM that three of the core NEM developers and a company called Tech Bureau developed as a private, permissioned blockchain product. Like any private blockchain–and in contrast to NEM, which is public–a Mijin blockchain is owned and controlled by a central authority, such as a company.

This isn’t the place for a full debate about the utility of private blockchains, but as Mijin and Catapult are an important part of the NEM ecosystem, please indulge me for a minute. In my opinion, the more “private” a private blockchain becomes, the less useful it is. While I can see a case to be made for “consortium” blockchains, where a handful of independent organizations who don’t necessarily trust each other cooperate to secure the network against abuses by any one member of the group, I have trouble seeing the value in a blockchain controlled by a single authority. In my view, a blockchain without trustless consensus is basically just an extremely slow, extremely inefficient database.

I know there are plenty of people who disagree with me, though, so for the remainder of this post I’m going to assume private blockchains have value and that there is a market for them, especially in financial services, which seems to be the main industry that Tech Bureau intends for Mijin to serve.

There is not nearly as much information about Mijin available on the internet as there is about NEM, but I did learn some interesting facts that hint at its potential. For one thing, although Mijin and NEM are completely separate projects, Mijin does share the NEM API (or at least the two APIs overlap substantially), which suggests that it will be relatively easy for developers to write applications that run on either platform. The common API might also facilitate interactions between Mijin chains and the public NEM chain, but I haven’t found any information about the details of those interactions.

Additionally, the Mijin website states that Mijin will support smart contracts, though the Catapult white paper seems to slightly contradict that statement when it says, “the approach here is to make the smart contract an external component, whether centralized (i.e., status quo with existing systems) or decentralized. The outputs of these smart contracts will then enter their transactions into the ledger through a secure transaction process.” To me, this implies that the contracts themselves will be neither stored on the blockchain nor executed by all nodes on the network.

Speaking of Catapult…

Catapult

Catapult is a rewrite of Mijin with a focus on increasing the rate at which transactions can be confirmed. Judging from the white paper (linked above), the first deployments of Catapult will be at banks and other financial institutions, where the author envisions it will replace patchworks of “disjointed monolithic systems” that he says are commonly used today. Eventually, the developers also plan to integrate Catapult into NEM to facilitate scaling the public blockchain as well.

Like Mijin, Catapult is currently closed-source and many technical details are not public. I was able to find some good information digging around the NEM blog, though, especially in this thread by one of the developers.

Catapult divides the work that the network does among three types of nodes:

  • P2P nodes, which add new blocks to the blockchain and maintain consensus about its state;
  • REST nodes, which present client applications with all the features they can use from the Catapult API; and
  • API nodes, which, like P2P nodes, store the blockchain and can read directly from it (I think), but which do not add blocks to it. These nodes serve data to the REST nodes to fulfill client applications’ requests.

This breakdown appears to roughly correspond to the three-tier architecture commonly used for web applications, where the blockchain (P2P nodes) is the database, the REST nodes are the front-end, and the API nodes handle the business logic of interpreting and interacting with data in the database.

If this analogy is correct, then presumably the goal of this architecture is to allow each tier to scale independently. Especially for a private blockchain, the optimal number of P2P nodes used to establish consensus might be much smaller than the number of REST and API nodes required to handle all of the requests that applications send to the network. Delegating these responsibilities to separate nodes on the network should allow nodes of each type to be added or removed as needed to optimize performance.

Apart from this new architecture, Catapult also makes some other optimizations to improve performance. Whereas Mijin and NEM are written in Java and use HTTP for communicating with full nodes, Catapult is being written in C++, and communication between at least the API nodes and REST nodes uses full-duplex sockets (via ZeroMQ), potentially allowing for lower latency than HTTP.

A performance test of three Catapult nodes located in the same datacenter and configured to service requests from 10.8 million accounts showed that the network was able to process just over 3,000 transactions per second. It isn’t completely clear from the press release, but it sounds like each of the three nodes in this test played all three roles: P2P, API, and REST. Confusingly, the accompanying diagram appears to refer to API nodes as “blockchain data ingestion servers” and to REST nodes as “API gateway” servers.

Compared to Ardor

How does NEM compare to Ardor, then?

Really, there are (at least) two separate questions: how do NEM’s features compare to Ardor’s features? And how does NEM’s approach to scaling compare to Ardor’s approach?

Since Ardor (the platform, not the parent chain) will support all of Nxt’s current features, the comparisons I noted above between NEM and Nxt apply equally well to Ardor.

In particular, Ardor’s child chains will have at their disposal a somewhat larger variety of built-in transaction types that support a richer set of features.

For example, NEM does not natively support a peer-to-peer exchange for mosaics, dividend payments to mosaic holders, transactions conditioned on votes by mosaic holders (or most of Nxt’s phased transaction types, for that matter), account properties, a decentralized marketplace, or anything like Nxt’s shuffling and alias systems.

Ardor’s parent-chain/child-chain architecture will add some extra functionality, too.

In particular, users will be able to exchange different child chain tokens for one another directly, without first converting to ARDR. This will be especially useful on pegged child chains, where users will be able to trade dollar-pegged coins directly for bitcoin-pegged coins (for example), whereas on NEM, somebody holding a dollar-pegged mosaic would have to sell it for XEM, then buy a bitcoin-pegged mosaic.

These differences notwithstanding, NEM still offers a rich set of features that application developers can use in interesting ways. Perhaps the best example is Apostille’s creative use of NEM’s unique multisig accounts. I’m not sure how easy it would be to replicate that kind of functionality on Ardor.

[EDIT]: Lior Yaffe, core dev and co-founder of Jelurida, has the following comment:

With NXT this can be achieved by issuing a singleton asset for each license registration and sending it between accounts.

On the question of how to scale, the two platforms differ much more dramatically.

Catapult’s approach, which NEM will eventually incorporate, is twofold: a new three-tier architecture to distribute the network’s responsibilities among three specialized types of nodes; and a series of application-level optimizations, e.g., using C++ instead of Java. We will need to defer judgment of the latter approach until additional benchmarking tests are available, but we can still cautiously speculate about the implications of the new architecture.

The biggest advantage seems to be for private blockchains, where the owner can fine-tune the quantities of the three types of nodes and the topology of the network to optimize throughput. Moreover, in such a context, blockchain bloat isn’t as severe a problem as it is for a public blockchain since companies can easily dedicate terabytes of storage on their servers to storing the blockchain.

The improvement in NEM’s performance with this new architecture, on the other hand, is much harder to predict. It is not clear whether each peer on the network would have to run all three services (P2P, API, REST) or just one of the three. In the former case, the scaling advantage to the new architecture would presumably be lost. In the latter case, the classic trade-off between speed (fewer P2P nodes, more API and REST nodes) and security (greater fraction of P2P nodes) would remain. And since nobody could control the number of each type of node on a public network, the question of what the optimal balance is would be moot.

In contrast, Ardor’s design does not try to achieve the highest possible throughput, at least initially. Rather, Ardor’s main scaling goal is to greatly reduce the size and rate of growth of the blockchain. It does this using a unique parent-chain/child-chain architecture, where all nodes on the network validate all transactions, but only those belonging to accounts holding the parent chain coin (ARDR) forge. Since the child chain coins can’t be used to forge, the child chains’ transaction history is irrelevant to the security of the network and can be pruned away.

It is worth noting, however, that computational scaling is on the Ardor roadmap.

Specifically, it is possible that child chain transaction processing will be delegated to separate subnets of the Ardor network in the future, allowing most nodes to ignore most transactions.

Conclusion

Ardor and NEM both offer rich, largely overlapping sets of features.

Overall, my impression is that developers will probably be able to build similarly complex applications on either blockchain with comparable ease. In that sense, the two platforms are direct competitors.

In their approaches to scaling, though, Ardor and NEM are quite different.

While Catapult will likely achieve a significant improvement in the rate that private blockchains can confirm transactions, I am somewhat more skeptical of the performance improvement that can be achieved on a public blockchain like NEM using the same approach.

Ardor, on the other hand, does not attempt to address the computational scaling problem (for now), but has found a very effective solution to the problem of blockchain bloat.

I suppose time will tell whether computational scaling or blockchain bloat is ultimately going to pose the biggest long-term problem for blockchain tech, and time will also tell whether either platform has found an adequate solution.

IGNIS ICO Report 7

Today the 3rd batch of Round 3, with 25 M JLRDA tokens, became available for sale. At the time of writing, there were still JLRDA tokens available.

Finally – some would say – the IGNIS ICO hype calmed down a little. Finally, it is possible to attend the ICO and buy JLRDA without running a full node client, placing several buy-orders in advance, or having to figure out the most advantageous peer settings and transaction fees in order to get a chance to win the over-participated lottery for future IGNIS tokens on the Ardor Blockchain Platform.

ICO: Jelurida [ID 823491988455668070]

Live data from the Nxt blockchain

peter2615

As someone said on the forum in the ICO thread:
In round one 1 NXT = 4500 Sat. 1 JLRDA = 0.4 NXT = 1800 Sat.
In round [three] 1 NXT = 2000 Sat. 1 JLRDA = 0.76 NXT = 1520 Sat.

So, the guy who ran away with all the JLRDA in the first few rounds did not get such a great deal afterall …

Live data from the Nxt blockchain

Either the whale investors

  1. Gave up (as they attended on equal terms with everyone else)
  2. Believe that 1 IGNIS token will be worth less than 0.76 NXT at the current NXT price
    (0.76 NXT = 0.07 USD or 0.0000162252 BTC)
  3. Believe that the price of NXT will rise a lot in the future – keep in mind that by holding NXT you get 0.5 IGNIS per NXT that you own at the snapshot (Q4 2017) and you get to keep your NXT
  4. Decided to invest in ARDR instead of JLRDA
  5. Do not even know about Jelurida’s work and the IGNIS ICO

Let us take a look at the three tokens in play, and you can choose your path to success by choosing which one best suits your interests and needs.

NXT

Nxt launched in 2013 as the first 100% Proof-of-Stake (PoS) blockchain ever and has run stable ever since. Over the years Nxt was optimized with built-in smart contracts that anyone can use “as is” or use them to build their decentralized applications with – without risking their investors’ money or the security of the blockchain, as no 3rd party code is added to the blockchain. Nxt’s smart transactions are rigorously tested in production and can be accessed using the Nxt API, which supports over 200 request types. Nxt is coded in Java, the leading industry standard language for corporate applications. The Nxt platform is open source for its open and supportive community. Nxt is called the “Swiss army-knife” of crypto, undervalued in the markets, and technically ahead of the competition.

With the new JPL license, owners of NXT are entitled to receive 10% of tokens from clones of Nxt.

https://nxt.org
https://nxter.org/tutorials
https://nxter.org/newsletters

IGNIS

Ignis will be the first child chain on Ardor. Ignis will have all of the features of Nxt, except for forging – it will be secured instead by Ardor’s main chain. Users of Ignis get UNRESTRICTED ACCESS to all existing and future Ardor child chain features. Do not expect unrestricted access from any other child chain in the ecosystem, as their creators may restrict those. Ignis will constantly be pruned (no blockchain bloat – means: globally scalable) and will feature cross-chain transactions, e.g., token and asset trading, and access to custom features on any other child chain. JLRDA, the non-transferable token sold in the ICO, represents the monetary unit and transactional token of Ignis, IGNIS, 1:1. JLRDA tokens will convert to IGNIS automatically at the Ardor Genesis Snapshot.

https://jelurida.com/ico
https://www.nxter.org/tag/ignis-ico/
https://www.jelurida.com/ardor-nxt-feature-comparison

ARDOR

Ardor is Nxt 2.0 and is best described as a Blockchain-as-a-Service (BaaS) platform, currently running on testnet. Ardor is the main chain that will secure, bundle and forge all transactions on the network of child chains. Ardor will make the features of Ignis available to other child chain creators, but restrictions can be placed if certain features are not desired, such as shuffling of tokens, the unrestricted decentralized marketplace or the unregulated asset exchange. Child chains will have their own operational token so users will not have to buy “gateway tokens” such as NXT, ARDR or ETH to use them. Child chains will be prunable and will not have to be bootstrapped, as they are secured by Ardor. Child chains can be spawned and customised with help from Jelurida, but the ability to create new chains will eventually be integrated into the software as a DIY module. For those that like account and ID regulations and restrictions – Ardor is the place to be. For those that like to forge all child chain fees – Ardor is the place to be.

https://www.ardorplatform.org
https://nxter.org/ardor-blockchain
https://www.jelurida.com/sites/default/files/JeluridaWhitepaper.pdf


 

 

Live data from the Nxt blockchain

ARDOR introduction video

Q4 2017

  • Ardor mainnet launch
  • Migration of ARDR balances from the Nxt blockchain asset to the Ardor Genesis block
  • Spawn of the IGNIS child chain based on NXT and JLRDA balances
  • Spawn of Bitswift child chain with 10% share drop to IGNIS holders
  • Spawn of BTC, EUR, and USD pegged child chains backed by 3rd party business entities

ICO’s are hot right now, and the choice is hard if you have money to invest. The choice is entirely up to you – supporting any chain supports Jelurida, the company that owns the IP for the above tokens.

Right now, the JLRDA tokens are for sale on the Nxt blockchain and will be automatically swapped for IGNIS tokens on the Ignis child chain when Ardor and Ignis are launched together in Q4 2017.

#nofomo

You need NXT to buy JLRDA. The most secure and the recommended way to buy JLRDA is from the IGNIS Token Sale link in the NRS Client, currently running V1.11.9.

You can use Jelurida’s online Nxt node or download and run the client locally – as light (no blockchain download) or full node. You can also use Nxt OFFLINE to create cold storage accounts to buy IGNIS.

JLRDA tokens cannot be transferred or traded until Ardor is launched – do not fall for scams.

Stay tuned for more up-to-date coverage on the ICO. We will explain in more detail about Jelurida, Ignis, Ardor, and everything else that is pertinent to this ICO. We won’t give trading advice.

Follow us on Twitter for breaking updates. And please help us grow as we continue to provide our readers with excellent and focused coverage on the ever growing blockchain space by rewarding us for our efforts – Donation address: NXT-TK9J-MEKH-MUP9-HFCH2.

This article is for educational purposes only. It is advisable never to invest more than you can afford to lose.

IGNIS ICO Report 6

Round 3 of the IGNIS ICO is underway, and the first batch has already sold out. Interest is high in this ICO, and that is good news for Jelurida and the entire Nxt community. The third round of the crowdsale is divided up into four offers of 25 M JLRDA each, all priced at 1 JLRDA for 0.76 NXT.

JLRDA batches will be sold according to the following schedule:

Sat, Sep 9th between 06:45 - 07:15 UTC
Sun, Sep 10th between 18:45 - 19:15 UTC
Tue, Sep 12th between 06:45 - 07:15 UTC
Thu, Sep 14th between 18:45 - 19:15 UTC

The exact time within each 30-minute interval is randomly determined. Jelurida reserves the right to modify the above schedule in case of circumstances beyond its control.

The IGNIS ICO is, in essence, a barometer of the public's interest in the Nxt and Ardor Platforms. With Ardor due to launch in Q4 of this year, Jelurida needs to know how to split up their limited dev resources. The funding raised by Jelurida, which owns the IP for Nxt / Ardor / Ignis is directly going towards actively developing Nxt. So far Jelurida has procured enough funding to actively support Nxt for, at least, the next three years.

The ICO so Far

The highlights of Round 1 in early August were the whale "MAAC" eating up the entirety of the first couple of batches. He accomplished this through clever use of the Nxt blockchain protocols. Within 48 hours Jelurida senior developer, Lior Yaffe, released a patch to prevent similar occurrences: NRS client V1.11. 7. The Nxt platform now allowed for scheduling transactions up to 24 hours in advance.

Like the first round, Round 2 sold out in seconds. The current and most stable NRS client is V1.11.9.

So far every round of the ICO has sold out before the JLRDA sell offers had posted! Since the demand for the IGNIS ICO is still higher than the supply, the way to have a shot at getting JLRDA is to schedule your buy transaction in the NRS client 24 hours before the batch is officially for sale.

REMEMBER - Jelurida is the ONLY source of official information about the IGNIS ICO. All info here is directly provided by Jelurida. 


IGNIS ICO Report 7

By apenzl | 13/09/2017

Today the 3rd batch of Round 3, with 25 M JLRDA tokens, became available for sale. At the time of writing, there were still JLRDA tokens available. Finally – some would say – the IGNIS ICO hype calmed down a little. Finally, it is possible to attend the ICO and buy JLRDA without running a … Read more

IGNIS ICO Report 5

By apenzl | 30/08/2017

Is your bid order in place? Popcorn ready? Tomorrow, on Thursday, Aug 31st between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC, the last batch of Round 2 in the IGNIS ICO is offered. That’s the last of 4 batches, each counting 20M JLRDA tokens. The price is 0.55 NXT per JLRDA – the token that will swap 1:1 … Read more

IGNIS ICO Report 4

By apenzl | 24/08/2017

And so, the hunt for JLRDA is about to resume. Round 2 of the IGNIS ICO will kick off Aug 26 between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC The price will be 0.55 NXT per JLRDA, with 80M JLRDA tokens for sale in this round. Anyone who did their due diligence will know: Ignis will be launched with … Read more

IGNIS ICO Report 3

By apenzl | 10/08/2017

Only 1 batch left of Round 1! UPDATE: no JLRDA left from Round 1!  Round 2 will begin on August 26. And so, here’s a re-cap, as the hunt for cheap JLRDA continues… Early NXT investor ‘MAAC‘ has taken much of the limelight as he overruled “normal” participants by using the advanced features of the … Read more

IGNIS ICO Report 2

By apenzl | 07/08/2017

Did you hold your breath? Never mind, the second 5M batch of the IGNIS ICO got snatched by MAAC the Whale. And also most of the third. But look at this now: Live data from the Nxt blockchain 69 new buyers got their hands on JLRDA  – no ninja tricks, no bots, just by using … Read more

IGNIS ICO Report 1

By apenzl | 05/08/2017

The long awaited crowd sale of the IGNIS token has begun. For sale are 440,000,000 Jelurida tokens (JLRDA) out of 1,000,000,000 total. The Nxtchat.slack has been buzzing for weeks with anticipation and discussions of how to get your hands on these JLRDA tokens and this article contains some important information pertinent to your investing decisions. … Read more

Ardor is about to launch, and the revolutionary parent - child architecture will solve many blockchain problems. Follow us on Twitter for important breaking updates during the week as they happen. Learn more every Monday with the release of the weekly Nxter Newsletter. We explain in more detail about Jelurida, Ignis, Ardor, and everything else that is pertinent to this ICO. Stay tuned and stay informed, dear readers. See you back here next week!

Help us grow and help us continue to provide excellent and focused coverage on the ever growing blockchain space by rewarding us for our efforts. Donation address: NXT-TK9J-MEKH-MUP9-HFCH2.

NXT

Thanks to https://twitter.com/lepych10 for beach art / NXT>ARDR img  🙂

Ardor vs. the Competition, Pt. 1: Lisk

I recently decided to start a series of posts that compare and contrast Ardor with other blockchain projects that appear to have similar goals or features. Roughly each week, I'll pick a project whose scope overlaps at least a little with Ardor's, study its technical documentation, and post a summary of my findings here for you to critique.

This week, I've been reading about Lisk.

Lisk

In a nutshell, Lisk is a platform for developing decentralized applications (dapps) that run on sidechains anchored to the Lisk mainchain. It uses a delegated proof-of-stake (DPOS) consensus mechanism to secure the mainchain, while sidechains are each responsible for their own security (sort of, but see the description of the delegate marketplace below). The protocol uses a set of predefined transactions, rather like Nxt and Ardor, as opposed to a low-level scripting language like Bitcoin or Ethereum.

Before I get into the details, I should start by saying that Lisk is definitely in an early stage of development. The team is currently in the middle of rewriting the Lisk SDK, which will support sidechain development, and is continuously refactoring Lisk Core, which is the full node.

With the code in flux, some important architectural questions, particularly about sidechains and how they will interact with one another and with the mainchain, do not appear to have been settled yet. On the other hand, I had some difficulty finding a current, authoritative source of technical information about Lisk, so what I present here might be out of date. The best information I could find was in the wikithis article by one of the co-founders, the roadmap, and these YouTube videos. None of the first three sources are recent, unfortunately, and even the videos don't go into much depth (though I admit I haven't watched all 6+ hours of them). If you've found better references, I'd be grateful if you could send them my way.

The marketing buzz surrounding Lisk seems to focus on the SDK, the goal of which is to make it easy to build, deploy, and secure a dapp running on a customizable blockchain. The devs wrote the SDK in JavaScript because they want to make Lisk accessible to as wide an audience as possible, and they also wrote the backend in JavaScript (Node.js) because...well, I guess I'll never understand why people insist on using JavaScript on the backend. 🙂

But clearly, ease of developing and deploying a custom blockchain is not the only goal of Lisk. If it were, then what purpose would the mainchain serve? You might as well clone Bitcoin or Nxt if all you want is a good starting point for building your own blockchain.

The mainchain/sidechain architecture is the real distinguishing feature of this platform. As far as I can tell, the mainchain serves at least three important functions:

  1. The Lisk API will allow deposits of LSK on the mainchain to be transferred to and from sidechains. With two such transactions, it will be possible to send LSK from one sidechain through the mainchain and to another sidechain. Unfortunately, according to the article by one of the co-founders linked above, it sounds like transferring LSK onto a sidechain will require sending it to the sidechain's owner, which obviously requires some degree of trust. To avoid this problem, it will be possible to create sidechains that use their own forging tokens instead of LSK. This token would then need to be traded for LSK in order to transact through the mainchain with another sidechain. Alternatively, it might be possible for one sidechain to transact directly with another sidechain without going through the mainchain, but the developers are still researching how this would work.
  2. Eventually, the team plans to build a "delegate marketplace" where delegates who are not securing the mainchain can offer to secure sidechains and are paid "either by the [sidechain] application owner or its users." Again, the details are a little fuzzy, but there seems to be a lot of value here: presumably the Lisk network is already far larger than a typical brand new blockchain network, and the delegate marketplace gives sidechains an "off-the-shelf" set of nodes that they can use to secure themselves in their infancy.
  3. Some nodes on the network (not sure which ones) will periodically hash sidechains and store the hashes on the mainchain as a "basic validation of sidechain integrity." I haven't been able to find any details about how this mechanism will work, though.

Apart from these functions, and from the obvious role it plays in transferring LSK between accounts, the mainchain itself doesn't seem to have any other intended uses. All of the business activity is supposed to occur on the sidechains.

Compared to Ardor

How does this architecture compare with Ardor's parent chain and child chains?

Maybe the most obvious difference is that each sidechain must have its own set of nodes to secure it, whether these are provided by the sidechain creator, the users, or eventually the delegate marketplace.

With Ardor, in contrast, every node on the network validates child chain transactions, but only accounts holding ARDR forge. The fact that accounts holding child chain tokens don't forge with them means that it doesn't matter how small child chains are or how unequal the distribution of tokens on them is; they are all just as secure as the parent chain.

One additional note about Lisk is that, until the delegate marketplace opens, sidechain creators choose the nodes that forge on their chains, which seems to require that users place a great deal of trust in them. On the other hand, the team has also suggested that Lisk will be flexible enough to allow sidechains to use an entirely different consensus algorithm, like proof-of-work, so it seems that sidechain creators wouldn't determine which nodes secure the chain in that case.

There are also plans to allow existing sidechains to switch consensus mechanisms even after they launch, but again I haven't been able to find details.

Clearly, both Lisk and Ardor intend to offer scaling advantages over traditional blockchains. With Lisk, the computational scaling advantage is obvious, since each forging node validates only the transactions on a single blockchain, either the mainchain or a sidechain. The reduction in required storage space (i.e., blockchain bloat) is less clear, though. Compared to Ethereum, say, it's obvious that for a similar level of total activity, the many chains in the Lisk ecosystem will each grow more slowly than the single Ethereum chain, simply because sidechains will not store each other's data.

Compared to Ardor, though, the storage savings would be modest. Ardor's parent chain will grow at a similar rate to the Lisk mainchain--as both will store only hashes of sidechain or child chain data instead of the data itself--but on Ardor the child chain data will be pruned away, eliminating the blockchain bloat problem that Lisk will still have on each sidechain.

Conclusion

What, then, should we make of Lisk? Honestly--and I'm very disappointed to write this--I think it's simply too early to tell. Too many important details have yet to materialize:

  • Will it be possible to convert one sidechain's token directly to another sidechain's token without converting to and from LSK? How?
  • When the delegate marketplace opens, will it be possible for users to elect delegates using sidechain tokens? Or will they have to use LSK? Or will sidechain owners maintain control over which delegates forge?
  • What will Lisk do with the hashes of sidechains that are stored on the mainchain? Will it be possible to roll back recent transactions on a sidechain to "restore" it to the state it had when it was hashed? If so, will there be some time after which this will not be possible, so that the sidechain can still be considered immutable?
  • Will the Lisk SDK provide some clean mechanism for changing the consensus algorithm on an existing sidechain? I'm not sure what this would look like.
  • What happens if a sidechain that uses LSK forks? Obviously, the LSK tokens on both resulting sidechains cannot be simultaneously backed by the same LSK reserves on the mainchain. I would assume the sidechain creator effectively gets to choose which chain is the "real" one, since he or she is the one holding the reserves on the mainchain, but I don't know for sure that this is correct.
  • Depending on how Lisk will support transactions directly between sidechains, this same concern could require additional trust between sidechain creators. In particular, if sidechain creators must hold reserves of each other's tokens to enable cross-chain transactions, which seems like one plausible way to do it, then a fork in one sidechain could give the other sidechain's creator some influence over which branch of the fork is honored. Moreover, if the forking sidechain transacts with several other sidechains, each of which hold reserves of the split token, then the situation could get ugly pretty quickly.

In my opinion, the most important advantage Lisk has over most blockchain platforms, including Ardor, is that it will accomplish a natural computational scaling by segregating each dapp onto its own blockchain. If, in addition, sidechains will be able to transact seamlessly and trustlessly with one another, then it seems like the design has immense potential.

If we're making the assumption that the Lisk team will successfully implement all the features required to make this happen, though, then we ought to grant Jelurida the same courtesy and assume that they'll be able to carry out their own scaling plans. In particular, one potential improvement on the Ardor roadmap is to confine child chain transaction processing to dedicated subnets of the Ardor network. It seems to me that this would accomplish a similar computational scaling to Lisk, while preserving Ardor's substantial advantage in reducing blockchain bloat.

In conclusion, Lisk's mainchain/sidechain architecture could potentially help it scale to accommodate a large number of dapps that could interact in interesting ways, but right now there seems to be a lot of uncertainty in the technical details. Ardor's approach is technically quite different but solves some of the same problems, namely blockchain bloat, potentially computational scaling, and the ability to transact easily between separate chains.

It will be very interesting to see how Lisk develops in the next two or three years, but then again, by that time Ardor will have been live for a long time already.

- segfaultsteve

IGNIS ICO Report 5

Is your bid order in place? Popcorn ready?

Tomorrow, on Thursday, Aug 31st between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC, the last batch of Round 2 in the IGNIS ICO is offered. That’s the last of 4 batches, each counting 20M JLRDA tokens. The price is 0.55 NXT per JLRDA – the token that will swap 1:1 for IGNIS tokens when the Ardor Genesis block is created in November 2017. Each and every single batch until now has been sold out in 1 block.

For your reading pleasure, fellow Nxters, let’s quickly touch base with the nxtchat.slack Round 2 experience:

1st batch:

amsi [8:53 AM]
now !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

martis [8:53 AM]
now!!!!!

gabriel [8:53 AM]
woooo

strophy [8:55 AM]
lol that went fast

josenxt [8:56 AM]
39,703.93 fee in that block? :scream:

lordcameltoe [8:57 AM]
how will I know if my transaction worked?

peter2615 [8:57 AM]
you wait… until next block, to see which offers got filled

As demand is a lot higher than the supply of JLRDA, and as the crowdsale is being held on a decentralized platform, executed under the rules of the blockchain, there were investors that didn’t get lucky. The rules are clear though and people’s different attempts to take advantage of them in the lottery, are transparent as well.

Logan summarizes:

You have to be in the same block, as the JLRDA TX. The capacity of one block is 255 TX. Higher fees are priorized to get in the block and the JLRDA TX will have a fee of 5 NXT. Thats the information you need to make a decision. But there is no right or wrong. Depends on what other people are doing.

riker [10:43 PM]

What happened in practice today was that one account NXT-GJE7-KWDJ-SFWJ-APQ6S tried to game the system by submitting many transactions with 5.2 NXT fee. I’m not sure what was his calculation. What it did is that it delayed the Jelurida transaction to the next block. But we anticipated this in advance and double checked that this does not provide any advantage to anyone.

bitcoinpaul [3:36 PM]

what can we learn from that?
dont bloat the chain with high fees, guys.

Riker

It’s a game theory problem; if everyone submits their transactions with 4 NXT fee, and a single guy with 6 NXT, this guy has an advantage. His transaction, the offer, and as many as can fit from the rest will fit in the block.

If everyone thinks this way and submits their offer with a fee of 6 NXT, all will lose, since their transactions will be included in a block before the sell offer.

forkedchain [5:33 PM]

For the latest JLRDA sell offer, there were 4 completely full blocks, each with 233 TXs, and an additional one with 58 TXs. There were 484 unique accounts that sent TXs in those 5 blocks.

2nd batch:

logan [9:01 PM]
dingdingdingding

vintash [9:08 PM]
yyyyeeees
im in!!!!

mroenne [9:08 PM]
Finally :sunglasses:

vintash [9:09 PM]
yeeeees

gabriel [9:09 PM]
YEAAAAAAH

marenkar [9:10 PM]
Whoa that’s a lot of people who got in this time.

peanut [9:12 PM]
Finally I’m in. I also noticed odd fee sizes, so I used one too just for good luck hehe

eu58 [9:14 PM]
I put 4 NXT for the fee and succeeded!

martis [9:18 PM]
I put 2 scheduled orders and both were filled. Fee was 4.9. No bot, no API, just used “Ignis token sale” link. Previous rounds were unsuccessful for me. As I reached my limit for buying Ignis, I will not participate in other rounds, so more chance for others.

forkedchain [9:53 PM]
I sacrificed a ton of ants just yesterday. ran over a huge ant bed with my mower while cutting grass, AND IT WORKED I GOT SOME JLRDA TODAY!!

logan [10:54 PM]

If i use a node with a comparatively bad connection and you use one which is a few milliseconds faster to publish the Offer TX, the chance that my orders will be filled is nearly zero, isnt it? or at least much worse compared to others

riker [10:55 PM]

Assuming you did everything else right, the more central and well connected your node is you’ll have better chance.

If you are the forger, even better, since then you have no latency.

forkedchain [11:47 PM]

well, it looks like some of my forging pool members were big winners today – all of a sudden my pools forging power has dropped by 5M.

My pool forged the golden block again. I wonder if some pool members had set up my pool as a well-known peer, and that’s why they won.

In lots of my previous attempts, my transaction was in the same block as the SELL, but at an earlier index position in the block. So I didn’t get anything. That means my latency to the forger was really good, but the forger’s latency to the p2p network (network as a whole) whereby that SELL transaction eventually found its way to the forger, was high – its all luck.

Batch 3:

jesus [8:54 AM]
woohhaaaa

thewiremaster [8:54 AM]
Go! https://nxtportal.org/monitor/

josenxt [8:55 AM]
269 unconfirmed transactions!

peter2615 [8:56 AM]
wow… NXT-3CJT-YF6A-VJ5D-DNSWR

gabriel [8:58 AM]
LOL, who was complaining about there not begin enough small transactions

mikevanegan [8:58 AM]
Booya worth getting up 2am. 295,000 JLRDA

peter2615 [8:58 AM]
lol @ NXT-GJE7-KWDJ-SFWJ-APQ6S

shugo [9:02 AM]
omg I finally got in, 4.9 fee
@all with no luck, dont give up (I almost did…)

vizanto [9:03 AM]
Your JLRDA balance 47,840 !!!!!!!!
this was my 3rd try

yelth [9:07 AM]
this was my 15th 🙁

winiusty [12:07 PM]
Hi guys, I bought while sleeping lol
strange feeling

gabriel [3:20 PM]
only problem is the people who couldn’t get in until now and are frustrated, which is totally understandable, but as time goes by, more and more of these people are getting their orders fulfilled, so it will eventually work out just fine, imo

yelth [3:22 PM]
Potentially, but I can just as easily see there as being huge problems with it later on.

potshot-rsa [3:45 PM]
I got my IGNIS at 2017/08/09 8:59:12. I’m in South Africa with a 4Mb/s ADSL connection.

jesus [3:23 PM]

@yelth, i stopped worrying about it. it´s what it is. every other setup would have been stretched to the limit as well. I can see the jelurida marketing machine start working, that´s my main concern. looking at my ARDR and NXT investment, the ICO is a good thing. if i can´t get in cheap, so be it.

And so…. 1 batch left of Round 2. Join nxtchat.slack to ask questions and take part in the discussion. And if you wonder what all the fuzz is about – oh man. The IGNIS whitepaper, and all ICO details can be found here.

These are the stats from the ICO so far:


Live data from the Nxt blockchain

Jelurida AMA on Cryptocopia

For those of you who do not know, a semi-private AMA (Ask Me Anything) session with Jelurida occurred on the Cryptocopia Slack last Wednesday, August 23rd at 22:00 CEST. Jelurida spoke at length with the community, answering many questions about the now-in-progress, IGNIS ICO, Nxt, the blockchain, and much more. Only registered members of the Cryptocopia community could participate, but since we are so well connected we have you covered!

Cryptocopia’s registration-page has been offline ever since they made the AMA announcement, but here we give you an abbreviated, “best of” version that has all the relevant information and highlights that you need to know.

myco [10:02 PM]

Hello, and welcome! The Jelurida AMA is starting now!

Our guests from the official Jelurida team are:

petko

Hi! My name is Petko Petkov. I am a software developer. I’m contributing to NXT since Jan 2015. Then participated in the design and the development of the Ardor platform.

tomi

I am also a software developer, with more than 15 years of experience. I survived the dot-com crash, worked for a few companies in the Silicon Valley, then for a small startup, then became interested in crypto and Nxt in particular a few years ago. Now I am a part of the core Nxt development team.

The other core developer, Lior Yaffe, unfortunately couldn’t attend this AMA tonight as he is not feeling well. Lior Yaffe is a very talented developer and also lately doing a big part of the project management.

kristina

I am not a developer and before becoming interested in cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology I have been working as a legal advisor. I have been following Nxt from its very beginning and when Jelurida was created last year I became an official part of the team because the developers were looking for somebody to take care of organizational, administrative and legal tasks. Now, with the company growing bigger and the upcoming launch of Ardor, I am fully occupied with work and 100% devoted to it.

What will happen with NXT?

Q

myco

I know that we’ve gone through several stages in the transition of NXT to IGNIS and ARDOR.

Could you explain at a high level what is happening with NXT for those who do not know much about it?

kristina

Ardor can be considered Nxt 2.0, because it is being built using proven Nxt technology. The Nxt public blockchain, and software, will continue to exist and be maintained by Jelurida.

There were quite a few technical reasons why Ardor had to be started as a separate platform, and it wasn’t possible to just upgrade Nxt to it.

petko

NXT is an open-source project and POS-based cryptocurrency. We are planning to continue maintaining it, but after all, its the NXT stakeholders who decide whether to use the software we develop. So, there is no actual transition – we had the idea about Ardor and decided to work on it. NXT will continue to exist one way or another. As @kristina explained, there are technical reasons that prevent us from upgrading NXT to Ardor. But we distributed the Ardor tokens to the NXT stakeholders at 1:1 ratio.

Q

dereje

With the development of ardor and jlrda, do you see nxt eventually dying out from lack of support and development?

tomi

We have promised to support Nxt for at least a year, or longer, depending on the funding level obtained in the ICO, and depending on the demand for it. We will also backport features from Ardor to Nxt, if we can hire enough developers to dedicate to that. We expect that Nxt will stay as the stable, well tested and reliable platform. And not all use cases need Ardor with its multiple child chains (which also brings complexity).

kristina

please remember that Nxt is a proven and stable blockchain with a large variety of features, a platform well suited for ICOs for example which is a functionality we plan to further enhance.

Jelurida

Q

myco

What is the development like for Jelurida?

Do you work remotely, or do you have an office where you meet?

tomi

We don’t have an office, working remotely all the time. We do plan to establish a physical office however, depending on the success level of our ICO.

Q

myco

What are the upcoming tasks that the Jelurida team is focusing on in the short term?

kristina

After our ICO is over the snapshot will follow and of course the launch of the Ardor platform.

Q

sanchopansa

How many people are working full-time on the project?

kristina

4 (3 developers and myself) + 2 part time developers.

Q

sanchopansa

How do you plan to generate revenue and when do you foresee to become profitable?

Kristina

We have several possible sources of revenue – licensing of the software for private blockchains, child chain creation, and revenue sharing with businesses that run child chains, consulting, custom wallet creation. Other minor revenue sources are listed in the whitepaper.

We aim to become profitable and self sustainable by the end of 2018.

Q

doubleqp

How much funds do you expect to need until the end of 2018 to survive?

kristina

what we have collected already is enough to survive until the end of 2018.

Q

doubleqp

So what’s your reason to collect even more money?

Kristina

For two reasons: we have a detailed plan how we can utilize the funds up to €50M.

And because we exist in a very fast growing field where our competitors raise/have raised millions which they are using for marketing and because we cannot allow a technology with such a great potential not to succeed.

marenkar

In section V3 of the white paper, (https://www.jelurida.com/sites/default/files/JeluridaWhitepaper.pdf) Jelurida goes over their plan with regards to the amount that they raise (starting on page 36). More funds raised generally means a larger team, more projects, and more business activity.

tomi

Jelurida was established last year as a corporate entity to manage the development of Nxt and later Ardor. Before that, Nxt was developed as a volunteer open source project, without a legal entity behind it. This was problematic when trying for example to license the Nxt software for commercial purposes, and when having to protect the IP behind it.

IGNIS ICO < > NXT ?

Q

myco

When will the IGNIS snapshot take place?

vanbreuk

From https://www.jelurida.com/ico, “The Ardor Genesis Snapshot will be performed at least two weeks after the end of the last JLRDA sale round”. But no exact date has been announced yet.

Q

myco

What happens to the NXT collected in the ICO for IGNIS?

tomi

We will be selling most of the NXT for BTC and fiat, because the purpose of collecting it is to provide funding for the company. We have been very clear about that in the whitepaper. Some amount of NXT, up to 40 M, will be kept by the company.

Q

myco

It seems like selling the NXT you receive in the ICO for BTC and fiat will make the NXT have a much lower value.

Who will be buying the NXT from you? people who want to hold for the IGNIS snapshot?

tomi

We have already sold most of the 24 M NXT collected in the first round, it didn’t crash the price. We expect people who want to participate in the next rounds, or didn’t have a chance to buy in the previous, to be buying this NXT. And at the end, indeed those who want to hold for the snapshot. But even after the snapshot, we believe NXT will continue to have value, and this value will probably become stable, as no major disruptions will happen to it anymore.

kristina

People believed that NXT will lose value after the Ardor asset was launched too, but it didn’t happen… It indeed dropped temporarily but after that it went back up again…

Q

myco

What new functionality is present in IGNIS that was not present in NXT?

tomi

We have a feature comparison table on the website, few things I can think of: asset dividend payments using other assets, or MS currencies, or other child chain coins; asset share increase transaction; smart phasing (a boolean composite of phasing conditions); asset control…

About Ardor

Q

myco

What is the current status of development on ARDOR? When will that be a useable technology in production?

tomi

It is running on testnet now. The multiple child chains framework is implemented and working, you can try it. We are planning a new testnet release some time before the snapshot, which will introduce some innovative features – smart phasing and asset control for example.

The pruning and snapshotting parts of the Ardor design are currently being worked on, and will not be part of the initial release, they will be ready later. See the roadmap on our website for all details.

Q

myco

What mechanisms would cause the rise in price of Ardor? What is Ardor used for?

tomi

Ardor will only be used to provide security for the whole system, it is the token used in the proof-of-stake algorithm. It intentionally has very limited other functionality, as Ardor transactions by design must remain in the blockchain (and cannot be pruned like child chain ones). Having significant Ardor stake will allow users to run forging nodes, and collect fees from all child chain transactions (converted from native tokens to ARDR by their bundlers).

myco

I can understand that value if you get native tokens from staking ardor… but why would I want to get more ardor for staking ardor if there is no additional utility to it besides getting more ardor? It seems circular. what am I missing?

petko

Ardor is like the mining hardware in bitcoin, minus all the wasted electricity

marenkar

For child chains to run, bundlers will need to exist to collect child chain tokens and then pay ARDR to the forgers to process the transactions. Any account can opt to be a bundler as long as they have ARDR and set the rate they want for accepting child chain coins relative to the ARDR paid out to forgers. Transaction fees paid out to forgers will be fixed based on the amount of data processed and/or the type of transaction and have a similar fee structure as that with Nxt ( `https://nxtwiki.org/wiki/Transaction_Fees` ).

In terms of value, assuming all other things held constant, the more child chains on Ardor and the more activity on the child chains on Ardor, the higher the demand for ARDR as the need for it increases to handle the increased demand for transaction processing.

Q

oojacoboo

So Jurlidia needs money to develop Ardor so it can try and sell sidechains to companies?  That the tldr; ?

tomi

Child chains can be useful not only for companies, but for the general public, even when there is a company behind a particular child chain. For example a pegged child chain, with token value fixed to fiat currency, maintained by a 3rd party business who charges commission on entry and exit from the system – but all users than can transact with this currency on the blockchain, denominating their transactions in it. And the Ignis child chain, for which the ICO is being conducted, will always remain decentralized and accessible to everyone.

kristina

not only creating child chains, but also private blockchains – it depends on the use case

and please note that the Ardor child chains are not side chains. The difference between them is explained in our Whitepaper.

Link to white paper – `https://www.jelurida.com/sites/default/files/JeluridaWhitepaper.pdf`

Link to page about side chains vs child chains – `https://www.jelurida.com/child-chains-and-side-chains`

Q

sanchopansa

What are the major industries/verticals that you are hoping would be using NXT?

tomi

Banking and financial sectors, asset issuance and trading, voting (including shareholder meeting voting), crowdfunding. We have been in talks to several banks that are testing internally our technology, but since this is under NDA I can’t mention names until it becomes publicly known.

Q

sanchopansa

Do you have any commercial partnerships/deals that you can talk about?

kristina

The ones not covered by NDAs – we have partnerships with companies/projects like TLVC, Beecrypt, Bitswift, Sigwo Technologies and quite a few others to be announced soon…

Q

sanchopansa

If I understand correctly, you’re in the blockchain-as-a-service space so that would make Stratis, Lisk, Ark and maybe to some extent Ripple your competitors. Why would any business use Ardor instead of these other options?

tomi

We believe that our parent – child chain architecture is currently unique in the blockchain space, and it opens the door for even more use cases and a greater interoperability between child chains. It also solves the blockchain bloat problem – which I don’t believe those other platforms have a solution for. Ardor is based on the tested and stable Nxt codebase, and has a very rich feature set which will be carried over to it from Nxt.

Price speculation

Q

myco

Why do you think that NXT has been left behind in price, relative to new coins coming out in the past year?

marenkar

There’s quite a lot of reasons because Nxt has existed for quite a long time, such as a lack of a proper team, which Jelurida now fills, a lack of funds, which this ICO now aims to address. Also it being the first Proof of Stake platform during a time when everyone wanted to mine held things back a bit. I made a long post about it if anyone’s interested – `https://www.reddit.com/r/NXT/comments/6m2tyd/why_did_nxt_never_catch_on/djyjxa6/`

Q

myco

What are you going to do differently with IGNIS to make a token that people want to hold?

Or will you focus on making money through corporate consulting use cases?

Petko

My personal opinion is that there is no need to do something special with IGNIS in order to differentiate it from the other child chain tokens. Same like NXT – everyone is free to clone NXT and start another blockchain and token (and there are many clones existing), but the NXT token only one

Q

oojacoboo

And why would I want to own any JLRDA tokens?  What value do they have, since this is a funding model for Ardor…

thewiremaster

The JLRDA MS tokens represent the IGNIS tokens you will get at Ardor launch.

vanbreuk

If a company is funded for developing the platform where your tokens are used, there is a much bigger chance that tokens will appreciate in value. I don’t understand the question.

kristina

Yes, we are selling tokens, that’s right. You may want to fund the development of Ardor because it will be a scalable PoS multi chain ecosystem – it will be the next big step in the blockchain industry

marenkar

Ignis will be the first child chain on Ardor. The Ardor main chain will not have substantial features as it is intended to secure the Ardor network and not be a regularly-used chain. Ignis provides an unrestricted way for users and organizations to utilize the features of Ardor, such as creating an asset or setting up a decentralized poll. Transaction fees to do these transactions will be in IGNIS not ARDR. Other child chains will also have these capabilities but they may set restrictions on them.

The JLRDA > IGNIS ICO

Q

myco

Where can we find the best instructions for how to participate in the ICO? The software used for the ICO is different than the BTC/ETH icos we’ve been participating in lately

tomi

Since we are running our ICO on our own blockchain, it is using the Nxt wallet. It may indeed look different from the BTC and ETH client, but shouldn’t take long to figure out, and especially for the purposes of the ICO we added a separate page – accessible from the Ignis Token Sale link in the header, which really makes it easy.

But do read the instructions on our jelurida.com/ico page, there is also a video showing how to do it, and we plan to post more instructions in a video or pdf too. And remember, only use the IGNIS Token Sale link from the header – do not buy any similarly named tokens/assets/marketplace goods, as unfortunately there have been scammers selling fake JLRDA or Ignis tokens.

Q

myco

What does it mean that IGNIS is “fully permissionless” compared to other child chains

kristina

It means that it is open for everybody to use freely. Other child chains will be associated with a specific use case, a company or an organization behind them. Some of them may want to implement restrictions such as KYC for example….

tomi

Permissioned blockchains is something our enterprise customers ask for, as they want to be able to control who can connect to the blockchain (read access), who can send transactions (write access), and who can give or take such permissions (admin access). Some of this functionality will also be added to child chains that may need it.

Q

lordcameltoe

How will the next IGNIS sale be handled to avoid having whales scoop up the majority of coins before everyone else?

tomi

Everyone has equal chance to participate in the Ignis sale, using our scheduled transaction feature which automatically submits their purchase transaction as soon as the sale offer is posted. And the batch will be split into 4 rounds of 20 M each, again to give users multiple chances to participate.

lordcameltoe

So the technique one person used last time to get most of the tokens has been patched?

vanbreuk

Rather than patched, the Nxt Client now allows for everyone to place a buy order in advance, before the next batch of tokens is effectively placed for sale. So the tactical advantage of that person in the first few batches is not there anymore, since anyone can do it from the client.

marenkar

I’m not 100% sure how it works but it ends up being a lottery of sorts. Some users couldn’t get in, others could. A few users were able to get in even without the scheduler though, but that was rare. Well, at least from what people claimed on Slack.

Thanks for tuning in, dear readers. That was an interesting and informative AMA from Jelurida. They clarified a lot of their plans and continued to bring attention to the IGNIS ICO.

For our ongoing coverage of the ICO, we have our special report series and a weekly Nxter Newsletter, that follows blockchain trends and reports on the last week in the ever growing world of the blockchain. Follow us on Twitter for important breaking updates as they occur. Stay informed and keep reading.

Help us grow and help us continue to provide excellent and focused coverage on the ever growing blockchain space by rewarding us for our efforts: Donation address NXT-TK9J-MEKH-MUP9-HFCH2.

NXT

IGNIS ICO Report 4

And so, the hunt for JLRDA is about to resume.

Round 2 of the IGNIS ICO will kick off Aug 26 between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC

The price will be 0.55 NXT per JLRDA, with 80M JLRDA tokens for sale in this round.

Anyone who did their due diligence will know:

Ignis will be launched with all of the features of Nxt, plus more, and it will be created with no restrictions. When Ardor launches, hopefully, November 2017, each JLRDA token on the Nxt blockchain will be swapped for one IGNIS coin in the Ignis Genesis block. 

First child chain, so what? Well, take notice that Ignis will be unrestricted. Ardor child chain creators may choose to disable certain features or set overall rules that not everyone may agree with, as well as possibly control the supply or future distribution of coins used on their child chain. Permissioned child chains can impose restrictions on their users such as KYC/ AML, personal data protection, time-limited data retention, local securities trading laws for asset issuers, etc. But the Ignis child chain will be permissionless, available to the general public, with no restrictions on who can transact with it.

Nxt’s features are described here.
The differences between Nxt and Ardor is available here.

Ignis holders will have easy access to other child chains and benefit from services they provide. Assets, for example, are global, so assets issued using the Ignis child chain can be traded on all other child chains and vice versa. IGNIS can also be traded for any other child chain coin or even ARDR using the inbuilt, decentralized Coin Exchange.

NXT > IGNIS

You need NXT to buy JLRDA, and the NXT price has taken a good beating since Round 1.

The bright side is that the current NXT price makes 0.55 NXT per JLRDA a mighty favorable buy, also compared to the price in Round 1. Not investment advice, just saying, if you’re eager to own JLRDA, now is not a bad time to get in. Long term investors may see every round as a bargain, but do your own due diligence, read the white paper, try Nxt in production, try IGNIS and Ardor on the testnet, and draw your own conclusions. We mean it – you should ask for testnet coins here.

NXT can be bought on exchanges with fiat or BTC or with most cryptocurrencies directly in the NRS Client, using Changelly or Shapeshift.

80M JLRDA in Round 2

In Round 2, 80M JLRDA will be released, divided into 4 batches.
The 4 sell offers will be placed randomly within these 30-minute time frames:

Sat, Aug 26th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC
Sun, Aug 27th between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Tue, Aug 29th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC
Thu, Aug 31st between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC

To get a fair shot at getting in, ICO participants are recommended to place their orders using Jelurida’s official ICO sales page in the latest client release, NRS 1.11.8. Install, wait for the blockchain to download, place your order and keep the client running until the sale is over. Run the client in full mode.

As many buyers missed out on getting tokens in Round 1, we foresee another battle for tokens coming up. If you miss out on a batch, try the next one. Due to much higher demand than supply, the ICO is set up to run like a lottery to give equal chances for all.

Here’s how to attend:

https://youtu.be/NsRs0vpeNHE

The NXT to invest

When should you get in? Jelurida cashes out their NXT on Bittrex, and also the late BTC rally has been too tempting for some traders to stay in NXT. If you want to crystal ball the NXT market movements, at least be aware of this >

https://nxtportal.org/accounts/9419511406156481100

That is Jelurida’s ICO account. 3M NXT only, out of the first 24M (from Round 1), is left at the time of writing, the rest has been liquidated.

gabriel [8:35 AM]

Jelurida sells the NXT that was raised to fund the future development of Ardor/Ignis/Nxt, so while there is a strong demand for NXT, it is partly offset by the sell pressure from the ICO itself.

This is however great news for the future of all 3 platforms since they will have strong funding.

Jelurida sells the collected funds in batches on the market, to avoid a big dump, which so far seems to work according to the plan.

Plus, as summarised by Riker in nxtchat.slack:

riker [8:54 AM]

Jelurida now has more than enough resources for PR and marketing and we chose Blonde 2.0 and TLVC as our partners since they have a lot of experience in promoting the crypto/crowdsale business.

In addition we are now running full scale marketing campaigns on CMC, Google, Facebook and with anyone who is willing to cooperate and market us. If marketing and PR was indeed our problem for all these years, this problem has been solved.

Afraid of whales?

Sure, the first batches of Round were eaten by MAAC The Whale and rightfully so, due to his study of the Nxt blockchain and tests done beforehand. That said – you should stop worrying.

In case it went over your head, Jelurida solved the problem within 24 hours and released a version of the NRS Client, which not only hacked the hacker but also allowed ICO participants to place their JLRDA orders in advance of the scheduled sales windows.

Use that to buy in, and you’re good. But still, be aware not to place your order more than 24 hrs ahead of time;

When running as a full node, the Nxt software allows you to schedule the JLRDA currency buy transaction in advance, before the JLRDA tokens are offered for sale.

Since transactions by default expire in 24 h, such scheduled transactions must be submitted not earlier than 24 h before the expected time of the offer. Scheduled transactions are kept in memory, therefore restarting the node will also clear them and will require you to re-schedule them again.

Good luck. We will keep you informed.

Want to share your IGNIS ICO experience with us? Leave or comment or email us! Stay tuned and happy hunting!

IGNIS ICO Report 3

Only 1 batch left of Round 1!

UPDATE: no JLRDA left from Round 1! 

Round 2 will begin on August 26.

And so, here’s a re-cap, as the hunt for cheap JLRDA continues…

Early NXT investor ‘MAAC‘ has taken much of the limelight as he overruled “normal” participants by using the advanced features of the Nxt Blockchain as well as his stake to get ahead of the competition from Day 1.

In what was supposed to be a fair and equal early-bird lottery, divided into 12 batches as a way to stop whales from buying up all the tokens in the early stage of the ICO (as they tend to do), the IGNIS ICO was meant to be different.

 

The Get-There-First Hackathon

The theory that MAAC had used a bot to pick up the first 2 batches of Round 1 got turned down by MAAC himself, but behind the scenes, intense coding WAS going on, and an investment bot with the aim to out-compete all other attempts to invest in the IGNIS ICO WAS underway.

Only the bot was coded by Jelurida.

Those not following us on Twitter, FB, or having signed up for Nxt email newsletters, we hope you did not miss the release of NRS 1.11.7.

NRS 1.11.7 is not a small bugfix release – you must run this client version if you want a chance to get JLRDA tokens from the ICO. Furthermore, with NRS 1.11.7 you will not have to get up early / stay up late for the 2 daily 30-minute release windows, you can just enter your bid in advance and check the result of the lottery later as it fits your schedule. Read more… 

Also see: https://nxtforum.org/general-discussion/i-just-want-to-say-what-a-big-deal-1-11-7-is/

 

Lior Yaffe (Riker) has uploaded this tutorial:

So, are we equal now?

Well… Anyone can place bids on even terms. But….

A public message from another whale that got his hands on most of Batch #7, soon kicked off discussions among new and veteran Nxt users.

 

Speculation and over-thinking

Coincidence? Will leasing your NXT stake to a forging pool optimize your chances of getting an early stake in IGNIS? Could it be that connecting to 500 peers instead of the client’s default helps? How about hallmarking your node, will that give extra chances? How much does the size of the fee matter?

Well, let me be straight: About as much as the color of the shirt I wear matters.

Private discussion groups have been forming in Slack and all kind of mods and optimization tricks have been pulled off and tested, but no matter how hard anyone tries, the facts are hard to ignore:

bidji [9:20 AM]

basically luck

Scor2k, developer of NxtBridge and NxtBridge-OFFLINE:

I tweaked nxt.properties to connect to many more nodes than default, and also set it to broadcast transactions to like 50 nodes instead of default 20.

# Maximum number of outbound connections.
nxt.maxNumberOfOutboundConnections=100

# Maintain active connections with at least that many peers.
nxt.maxNumberOfConnectedPublicPeers=75

apenzl [1:02 PM]

Were you forging or was your account balance leased to a forging account?

scor2k [1:03 PM]

No )))

The number of Nxt nodes is growing, Nxtwiki sees new visitors; driven by a monetary incentive crypto investors are learning about the Nxt technology, not just the coin, which will be the backbone of Ignis and the Ardor Platform. And so, they begin to understand Nxt’s features (mind you, most crypto ICO’s usually sell tickets to not-existing technology – Nxt has been running stable and been improved upon by world-class developers for almost 4 years).

This is good.

By learning about the NRS client and server they grasp the power of Nxt, Ignis, and Ardor.

IGNIS logo

forkedchain [9:39 PM]

it appears that MAAC was splitting his NXT into orders with 400.000 NXT in each

napdude [9:43 PM]

MAAC risked tons of nxt to get his fills in the last many rows

 

“This shit project will not exist next year”!

Oh yes, it will. We must emphasize something, though:

Nxt’s powerful ‘Smart Transactions’ (inbuilt smart contracts) are only as smart as the people using them! Some people get desperate or make transactions too fast without knowing what they do.

Then they get angry.

PLEASE DO NOT PLAY AROUND WITH FEATURES YOU DON’T UNDERSTAND!

A few ICO adventurers have tried to take shortcuts but ended up worse than they started.

Some have bought JLRDA look-a-like currencies from the Monetary Exchange, fake JLRDA assets on the Nxt AE or the Nxt Marketplace, despite all warnings. One new user managed to broadcast a phased transaction to himself, which has locked his NXT for 7 days, using advanced functionality in the client.

One new user managed to broadcast a phased transaction to himself, which has locked his NXT for 7 days, using advanced functionality in the client.

That’s “learning the hard way”. One can react sanely, or by simply crying “shit ICO you bad take my money”, frown publicly upon Nxt, Ignis, Ardor, Jelurida – and about everything from the 1 NXT transaction fees to – understandably – not being able to get in at this very early point of the ICO.

Most though has found the ICO setup ingenious.

The adrenaline!!!!

Yes, IGNIS will be traded on exchanges eventually, and ICO participants may or may not (well, we won’t give trading advice here) make a fortune from their early investment, but what Jelurida is selling are operational tokens, the access to the first child chain of the Ardor Blockchain Platform.

Don’t fall for scammers

An old scam trick on the Nxt blockchain is sending out teasers in the form of tokens, for example, an asset issued for 1000 NXT but worth a lot more if the scammer succeeds, so he sends it to NXT accounts, it’s like ads on blockchain, an airdrop of assets which he hopes will make Nxt users think: Wow. Is this what I’m looking for? I’ll buy more!

No you won’t. Delete the assets or just let them be.

scor2k [10:34 AM]

May the forge be with you (c)


IGNIS ICO Report 2

Did you hold your breath?

Never mind, the second 5M batch of the IGNIS ICO got snatched by MAAC the Whale. And also most of the third.

But look at this now:

Live data from the Nxt blockchain

69 new buyers got their hands on JLRDA  –

no ninja tricks, no bots, just by using the full Nxt client. It’s a race to get in, sure. Back hurts from leaning forward towards the screen, eyes burn from staring without blinking, and personally, I burned my dinner in the oven because I didn’t dare to leave the computer within the ICO time frame. And I wasn’t even among the lucky 69. Transaction sent, the fee goes to forgers, try again if you want.

Only 5M of the ICO tokens are released in each batch in this Round 1, so maybe it’s better to wait. It’s just that… buying IGNIS for 0.4 NXT per token would be pretty nice, right.

What’s next?

Kristina (Jelurida) gives us this update in nxtchat.Slack:

Dear Nxt community members, thank you for your contribution in the first 2 days of the IGNIS ICO!

We are carefully considering the feedback and we are looking into possible ways to ensure that all the Nxters and also newcomers can participate in the IGNIS crowdsale more easily.

We also recommend to everybody to configure their Nxt client as a full node to avoid overloading the public nodes.

Jelurida has started moving funds to Bittrex, which is one of the higher volume NXT exchanges.

As people are beginning to calm down now, lots of thoughts and research by both new and veteran Nxters is ongoing, about the method MAAC uses and – not least perhaps – how to copycat it.

Another piece to this puzzle came from MAAC himself, as he uploaded a second public message to the Nxt blockchain:

Now guess who forged the block with the 4th JLRDA bid offer and 1009 NXT in fees while at work? Ahem, yeah

Questions?

So, does all this mean that Jelurida is incapable of running a fair ICO on the platform they designed themselves? Will this be Nxt’s “bad distribution” issue all over again? Is MAAC a heartless attacker, a movie theater worker with great belief in the work of Jelurida or just a greedy whale? Will he succeed or can Jelurida exploit his methods and succeed in creating equal terms for all?

In the coming days, we will dig into this in much greater detail, and not least explain about IGNIS, and all the advantages of the revolutionary new Ardor platform.

The JLRDA release schedule is as posted from Jelurida, remember each one is a batch of 5 M tokens:

Aug 5th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 6th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 7th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 8th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 9th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 10th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC

The coin sale will last for months so do not worry if you are not able to participate immediately, there will be many opportunities to participate in the IGNIS ICO.

In addition to the ongoing ICO, approximately half of the IGNIS coins in existence will be distributed automatically to NXT holders based on their account balances at the time of the Ardor Genesis Snapshot, at 1 NXT = 0.5 IGNIS ratio.

 

IGNIS ICO Report 1

The long awaited crowd sale of the IGNIS token has begun.

For sale are 440,000,000 Jelurida tokens (JLRDA) out of 1,000,000,000 total.

The Nxtchat.slack has been buzzing for weeks with anticipation and discussions of how to get your hands on these JLRDA tokens and this article contains some important information pertinent to your investing decisions.

1st round sold out in a flash


Live data from the Nxt blockchain

IGNIS logo

Boom – first round is over…

Eager participants from all around the globe were ready, eagerly staring at their desktop clients with the ICO window open in their NRS Client, excitedly building tension in Slack, ready to purchase.

And then…

The shock – as everyone realized that the first ICO round was over even before Jelurida’s exchange offer had hit the client GUI! The first 5M JLRDA tokens had been sucked up by a single whale in a flash.

1% of the JLRDA tokens available in the ICO had been sold without anyone even seeing the offer let alone having a chance to place their orders in the client!

What happened?

Take a look at the whale’s account.

https://nxtportal.org/accounts/11731960900805566730

Lots of phased transactions. Buy offers put into every block within the announced time frame of the first round, just waiting for his approval to be executed.

But how could he react so fast? One sound theory is that the buyer had a bot listening to the network and as soon as the exchange offer was put by Jelurida, still unconfirmed, he executed the transaction in that same block.

First reactions were harsh. From emotional accusations from disappointed users that the ICO round had to be an “inside job”, to conspiracy theories and sad claims that all IGNIS tokens most certainly would be sucked up by rich investors only, “just like in the fiat world”, hit the world wide web by storm.

And now, few hours before the next batch of 5M JLRDA tokens are to be released, we can only wait and prepare for our second chance to get in. No, “MAAC” did not play it fair in Round 1 but after all, he played it well AND played everybody by the rules of the tech. Rules that can be dug into by everybody, by the way.

Here’s a statement he made, sent from his phasing account:

Jelurida has released a schedule of the availability of the batches for the first round of JLRDA. 55 M tokens are left in 11 bins of 5 M, staggered by 12 hours to make it harder for whales (people with massive amounts of NXT) like MAAC to buy the entire amount.

The release schedule is as posted from Jelurida:

Aug 5th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 6th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 7th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 8th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 9th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC
Aug 10th between 06:45 – 07:15 UTC and between 18:45 – 19:15 UTC

In the coming hours and days, we will keep you posted about the progress of the ICO, as well as explain in much greater detail about IGNIS, Ardor, and all the advantages of this revolutionary new platform.

The coin sale will last for months so do not worry if you are not able to participate immediately, there will be many opportunities to participate.

Let’s see what happens. Meanwhile, the discussion is ongoing:
https://nxtforum.org/general-discussion/ignis-token-sale-progress/

In addition to the ongoing ICO, approximately half of the IGNIS coins in existence will be distributed automatically to NXT holders based on their account balances at the time of the Ardor Genesis Snapshot, at 1 NXT = 0.5 IGNIS ratio.

IGNIS ICO Report 2 >

Jelurida Announces New Details About the ICO

Earlier today, Jelurida, the development company behind Nxt and Ardor, has announced new details about the upcoming ICO on their website.

The Jelurida team is now happy to announce that the legal, technical and organizational preparations for the IGNIS ICO are entering their final stage. The ICO will start near the end of July or early August 2017 (exact date and time to be disclosed at least two weeks in advance).

After inquiries into the start date of the ICO have been asked by the community on a daily basis, this should hopefully bring some clarity now on how the rest of Q3 will shape up to be like, even if no exact date has been given yet.

 

NXT in the ICO

As mentioned in our earlier newsletter, Jelurida mentioned that NXT will be used in the ICO and that this was due to technical reasons. Now, with the announcement, we can see why this was chosen.

The token sale itself will be conducted on the Nxt blockchain platform. A “controllable currency” called JLRDA will be issued and offered for sale in several consecutive rounds.

Being a controllable currency, the JLRDA tokens will not be tradeable or transferable between user accounts. The purchased JLRDA currency units will only serve as a proof of ownership and initial IGNIS balance for the Ardor Genesis Snapshot.

Purchasing JLRDA tokens will require NXT, however users will be able to exchange other cryptocurrencies to NXT conveniently within the Nxt wallet using the integrated ShapeShift and Changelly third party exchanges, subject to availability.

For 1 JLRDA token the participants in the ICO will receive 1 IGNIS coin at the time of the Ardor Genesis Snapshot.

So, the IGNIS ICO will utilize the Monetary System feature of the Nxt blockchain, where a controllable currency called JLRDA will represent the IGNIS to be distributed when Ardor launches. Purchasing a controllable currency on Nxt directly requires NXT as the transactions are on the Nxt blockchain itself.

 

Ardor Genesis Snapshot

The announcement also shed some light on the snapshot date for NXT balances where 0.5 IGNIS is given for every NXT an account holds.

As already promised, approximately half of the IGNIS coins will be reserved and distributed automatically to the NXT holders based on their account balances at the time of the Ardor Genesis Snapshot, at 1 NXT = 0.5 IGNIS ratio.

The Ardor Genesis Snapshot will be performed at least two weeks after the end of the last JLRDA sale round.

However, since the exact date of the start of the ICO and the duration of the ICO are still unknown, we can only estimate when the Ardor Genesis snapshot will happen.

 

Important Notice

There have been some complaints on some channels in the community about false information being spread around, such as that the launch was supposed to happen on July 1st, despite multiple announcements for over a year that Q3 was when Ardor would launch, not necessarily July 1st. Because of this confusion, Jelurida was prompted to also state this in their announcement:

IMPORTANT NOTICE:
All official information regarding the IGNIS ICO will be published on this website only. If you receive information from other sources always make sure that it is consistent with this page.

While Nxter Magazine strives to provide the most accurate information, if any conflicting information is found on this website with Jelurida, please trust the content posted on Jelurida’s website as they are the development team and may have made some changes and we just did not get to update our content yet.

Source: https://www.jelurida.com/ico

Bitcoin wars, miner problems, scaling issues and… ARDOR

It’s been some really quite interesting weeks lately in crypto land.

Scaling hasn’t been much of topic for the last years – and boom – now it’s front and center. Bitcoiners used to clobber anyone who thinks miners having different incentives than currency holders is a problem.

Now it’s suddenly consensus on r/bitcoin. Not only are there repeated threads saying a change of the Proof of Work algorithm might be necessary, I’m actually seeing more and more suggestions to switch to Proof of Stake! I can’t believe my eyes! Just the mere mention of it even half a year ago would have brought you into downvote hell and 500 angry “nothing at stake” chants, before your post got shadow banned. I’m not saying that it’s a majority position by any means, but what a difference!

Crypto alts’ cap goes ^

The changing tides are sweeping a lot of money into the alts. The combined crypto cap is exploding:

While Bitcoin’s share of it is decreasing. The pace is accelerating towards parity. That could be a huge deal with unclear implications (…but don’t dare mention this on r/Bitcoin).

How Ardor fits into the mix

There is a major sea change going on, and props to the Jelurida dev team to see this long ahead: Designing Ardor specifically around scaling capabilities, puts it in a position to take advantage of the situation. Now there is just the question if this can somehow get attention. So far it is always Ethereum that gets used as example for Proof of Stake. Once again, it took the spotlight. It also gobbled up the biggest gains. Ardor seemed to have merely been swept up with the tidal wave that took all alts along.

I don’t know if all that will change to the best of Ardor and NXT. But I’m sure: This ain’t over. And people are still either in denial or stuck in old ways of thinking.

  • The Bitcoin wars will get worse.
    First off, there is AsicBoost, which is worth millions in advantage for parasitic miners. Why would they give that up for anything? Higher market cap doesn’t help their bottom line, they live of higher margins. A fork of some sort either will happen or must at least come close enough that these miners must fear trashing their hardware.
  • Disruption will be huge either way. The user experience will be a disaster. Alts will pick up refugees… but if Bitcoin suffers too much, all crypto will take a hit.
  • The miner problem is, of course, deeper anyways. It’s an incentive problem that will return. Miners, they only care about users and hodlers if it somehow helps their short-term earnings.
  • What also clearly came to light is that the monopoly is even worse than anyone thought: It’s the hardware! That’s all done by basically one manufacturer in one location – with the ability to legally block supply for anyone who doesn’t agree with their plans. Bitmain is abusing this already. That skews not just which miners can join, but also how much existing ones dare to contribute to debates.
  • People still don’t understand the scaling issue. It seems bizarre to me that Ethereum/Monero/Dash are seen as solutions. All these have exponentially worse situations should they ever catch on remotely as much as Bitcoin.
    It’s just that neither Ether or Litecoin are used enough to make clear to everyone that they have the exact problem Bitcoin has – or worse.

So there is Ardor, with an actual solution. My fear is that people might once again overlook it, just like NXT was laughed at when it pioneered what is now the altcoin standard. Maybe it’s premature optimization. But it might be the right unique selling point at just the right time.

One joker card could be the Lightning network or the “sharding” that Buterin promises. Basically, they could change the landscape of the scaling discussion – and make it a non-issue. But it’s just promises so far. Maybe someone more knowledgeable can shed some light one that angle.
Anyways, the potential in the upcoming year is huge – and that’s what speculators are trading on.

This article was first posted in https://nxtforum.org/general-discussion/price-speculation

Ardor Testnet is Launched

Early this morning, Jean-Luc, lead core developer of Nxt and Ardor, made an announcement on Nxtforum.org about the launch of the Ardor testnet. While some testing was already done by some members of the Nxt community who were very knowledgeable about the platform, as we mentioned in our previous newsletter, much more testing is needed to be done before the launch of mainnet in the third quarter of this year, thus the release of testnet. Also, this is a great way to experience the Ardor blockchain without risking any funds as the tokens are given away freely to people who want to try it.

At the moment, only .zip and .exe files have been released, so Mac users will have to wait a bit. Riker, core developer of Nxt and Ardor, mentioned that a client for Mac will likely be released in version 2.0.1e. However, users of Linux operating systems as well as Windows (32 and 64 bit) can get started now. Installation is very similar to that of the Nxt client, with the notable exception of some Ardor graphics.

Ardor’s Decentralized Polling

Some activity has already been going on in just a few hours after launch. On the testnet Ignis child chain, a poll was started asking users about their favorite animal among the animals mentioned. You can take a look at this by choosing the Ignis child chain on the testnet client, clicking on “Voting System” and then “Active Polls”. Remember, while all transactions are processed by the main chain which takes ARDR, when you’re on a child chain all processing is paid for in the child chain token. So, Ignis tokens are required in order to cast your vote.

Sending Bitcoin Using the Alias Feature On Ardor

This is just one of the few things currently being tested at the moment. Get the testnet client and to find out how to request test tokens on ardorplatform.org today and experience this new blockchain platform. If you find any bugs, please report them over at Nxtforum on the announcement thread or through one of the channels listed on the website.

Ardor Features vs Nxt Features

Jean-Luc, Nxt and Ardor core developer, has published a chart on nxtforum.org that compares the major differences in the functionalities between Nxt and Ardor:

Blockchains

Single chain One parent chain with multiple child chains

Transaction tokens

The same token (NXT) is used for establishing the consensus and providing the security of the blockchain, as well as for the basic unit of value in all transactions Only the parent chain token (ARDR) is used in the proof-of-stake consensus, and thus provides security for all child chains. Child chain tokens are used as transactional units of value only.

Transaction fees

Transaction fees are paid in NXT only, requiring users to always have NXT in their accounts. On each chain transaction fees are paid in the native token (coin) of that chain. End users do not need to own ARDR tokens.

Features

Asset Exchange, Monetary System, Aliases, Messaging, Digital Goods Store, Voting System, Shuffling, Data Cloud, Phasing, Account Control, Account Properties All these features are preserved in Ardor, and are available on each child chain. A child chain can optionally be restricted not to enable some features. The parent chain supports a limited subset of features, as it is intended to be used for consensus establishing only and not for everyday transactions.

Accounts

Each passphrase maps to a single account. Passphrases can’t be changed, and there is no wallet file to store. The same mapping of passphrases to account numbers is used as in Nxt. Accounts are global across all child chains, and an account can have balances in each of the existing child chain coins, as well as in ARDR.

Holdings

There is a single coin (NXT), and unlimited user-issued Assets and Monetary System currencies. Each chain has its own coin. Assets and MS currencies can be issued on any child chain, and are available for trading globally. Assets or MS currencies can optionally be restricted* to some child chains only.

Trading

Assets and MS currencies can be traded for NXT only. Assets and MS currencies can be traded on any child chain, with price denominated in the corresponding child chain coin.

Coin Exchange

N/A A new feature, Coin Exchange, allows trading of child chain coins to each other, and also to the parent chain coin (ARDR).

Dividends

Asset dividends can be paid in NXT only. Asset dividends can be paid in any of the child chain coins, by simply issuing the payment transaction on the corresponding chain. Additionally, paying dividends in another Asset or in MS currency has been implemented.

Crowdfunding

Crowdfunding feature is available in the Monetary System, but the funds must be collected in NXT only. Crowdfunding feature is available on all child chains, and on each child chain the funds are collected in the corresponding child chain coin.

Shuffling

Shuffling of NXT, Assets, and MS currencies is available. On each child chain, shuffling of the corresponding coin, or any Asset or MS Currency, is supported.

Aliases

Alias names are globally unique. Alias names are unique within each child chain only.

MS Currencies

Currency codes and names are globally unique. Currency codes and names are unique within a child chain only.

Pruning

Pruning is available for plain and encrypted messages, and for tagged data (data cloud feature). Pruned data are retrieved automatically on demand from designated archival nodes. Pruning and retrieving of all prunable data is available as in Nxt. In addition, the child chain transactions themselves are designed to be prunable and will not need to be stored permanently or re-downloaded by every new node. The actual pruning of transactions will be implemented later.*

Transaction identifiers

Transaction IDs are 64-bit longs, and are globally unique. The 64-bit transaction IDs are no longer guaranteed to be globally unique for child chains. 256-bit transaction hashes (sha256 digests) are used instead as transaction identifiers.

Block generation

A “forging” process is used to create new blocks, with the probability of block creation dependent on the account NXT balance (stake). The same forging algorithm is used as in Nxt, dependent on ARDR account balances only.

Bundling

N/A A new process, “bundling”, is used to group child chain transactions into a parent chain transaction (“child chain block”), which is then included in the parent chain. Any account can play the role of a bundler. The bundling process also performs the exchange of fees paid by users in child chain tokens into ARDR fees accepted by the block forgers.

Phasing

Transaction execution can be made conditional, subject to approval using various voting models. Same voting models as in Nxt, but phasing is possible on child chains only. Approval transactions can be on a different child chain from the phased transaction, and the by-transaction voting model also supports linking to a transaction hash on a different child chain.

Account control

Accounts can be restricted to use phasing only (mandatory approval). Same as in Nxt, but accounts under phasing-only restriction cannot submit transactions on the parent chain, as those cannot be phased.

Peer networking

HTTP based, also with WebSocket support, transmitting JSON formatted data between peers. Completely re-written and optimized, using native Java sockets and binary messages between peers. Block and transaction propagation has been significantly improved, by exchanging and caching information about currently available blocks and transactions between peers and only propagating the missing data pieces.

API

HTTP query APIs, returning JSON formatted response. Mostly unchanged, except:
1. A “chain” parameter has been added to each API that is child chain specific.
2. 64-bit long transaction IDs have been replaced with 256-bit hashes.
3. All prices and rates that were previously defined relative to the smallest indivisible holding amount (“QNT”) are now defined relative to a unit of the holding (share).

Scalability

Transactions are stored in the blockchain permanently, and need to be re-downloaded and re-processed by every new node, which after months and years of operation becomes a significant bottleneck. All child chain transactions will be possible to prune completely, without affecting blockchain security, thus allowing the blockchain size to be kept much smaller. A new node joining the network only needs to download the parent chain transactions, followed by the latest snapshot of the current system state.*

* Functionallity marked with asterisk is planned to be implemented in a future Ardor release. All other functionallity is already implemented and currently being tested on a testnet blockchain.

Source and more information:https://nxtforum.org/core-development-announcements/ardor-vs-nxt-functional-comparison/

https://nxtforum.org/core-development-discussion/list-of-feature-request-for-nrs/

Does Ardor mean the death of Nxt?

The Ardor snapshot phase is over and the Ardor assets (ARDR) have been distributed. The amount of NXT in an account no longer influences the number of real ARDR forging tokens it will receive once the Ardor network goes live. Watching the price of NXT fall these last few months should give a good hint to everyone – there is no longer any reason to hold NXT. Ardor and its child chains are the future. Make way!

Really? I don’t think so.

make-way

Going on the Nxt road in 2017?

1. Ardor won’t be there until the third quarter of 2017

The recent “Ardor” distribution is only an asset that will determine how much real ARDR tokens you will get once the Ardor platform goes live. It is not the real thing and won’t be soon.

The Ardor testnet is expected to go live in the first quarter of 2017, but the production network completion is planned for later in 2017. Why not use Nxt until then? It is still secure, fully functional, and also supports many assets and coins which are trading on multiple external exchanges.

2. Nxt will still be maintained

The core development team has promised to support Nxt for at least one year after the release of Ardor. We are talking about software that will be actively maintained until at least the end of 2018. And after that, motivated developers may still adopt the project and maintain it.

Even if new features probably won’t be added, the software is still functional and has proven itself trustworthy during these last three years. Some assets and coins will move to the Ardor platform but others will still use the Nxt 1.0 platform.

Many altcoins are not developed anymore or do not have major updates but are still trading actively.

3. Ignis snapshot will benefit Nxt

In Q3 2017, the snapshot for the Ignis distribution, the first Ardor child chain, will most likely attract a lot of speculators. Ardor is the fuel of the network but Ignis is the first currency with all the features we love in Nxt : voting, coin shuffle, aliases,…

This second snapshot will be a good occasion for people to learn about Nxt and attract newcomers.

look

Trying to guess the future value of cryptocoins

However the fall of the NXT price may be faster than the rise. After the snapshot, it will most likely drop again. How much is the question.

4. Jelurida is watching

Jelurida exists to protect the intellectual property of the Nxt code. To commercially succeed, it needs Nxt to succeed. Having a team working full time to improve and protect Nxt would make sense for its future.

During the Q&A session about the creation of Jelurida, the following question was raised:

> @josenxt
> Will we see in 6 months from today another big surprise (like Jelurida’s) which is currently being cooked behind the scenes?

> @jean-luc
> hopefully sooner

Let’s hope it will benefit Nxt.

5. Existing applications are still functional

The Nxt API is very stable and easy to use. Many developers have built their own applications based on Nxt (MyNxt, SuperNET, nxtportal, Nxter.org, Nxt3D…). Even if the Ardor API ends up being very close to Nxt’s (which is not sure), it will require some work before such applications can be ported to Ardor (if ported at all). But, they will work on the Nxt 1.0 platform no matter what.

Nxt has a rich ecosystem and it will take some time for Ardor to catch up with it, even after the release.

6. Cheap NXT means cheap transaction fees

Nxt has always used transaction fees of 1 NXT for most operations. In June 2016, when 1 NXT was worth 13000 Satoshi, a transaction fee cost around 8 euro cents per transactions (still cheaper than Bitcoin by the way). Now, at almost 1000 Satoshi, these fees are only worth 0.6 cents. It’s basically free.

Those who consider NXT to be a currency will be disappointed. Those who see Nxt as a platform of asset exchanges, discussions, or distributed hosting will be glad.

A coin shuffle costs 12 NXT, or 0.07€. Isn’t it a good time to anonymise some coins or assets? How about starting that asset you were thinking about? Issuing an asset only cost 1000 NXT or around 6€ today.

nicholas

The future is bright

Also read: http://test.nxter.org/developers

As long as there are just a few people holding and forging Nxt, the network will be functional. Remember that for all those selling their NXT, there are buyers who think it is worth it to buy.

This opinion post was submitted by mart_e: NXT-XZ53-H97E-6FK5-9RHAS

Do you want a blog post published on nxter.org? Contact us and let your voice be heard.

The ARDR token is trading!

Today, on October 13th, at block height 1000000, or 42 days before the Nxt blockchain’s 3rd birthday, the Nxt 1.0 -> Nxt 2.0 snapshot period came to an end, and 998.999.495 ARDR assets were automatically distributed to all accounts which had held any amount of NXT since the first snapshot was taken 3 months ago.

For every 1 NXT which has stayed in your account since the first snapshot, you’ve received 1 ARDR asset. If you’ve been a NXT hodler for half the period, you’ve received 0,5 ARDR per NXT. (For information about the distribution model read this)

This is the ONLY official Ardor asset:


Live feed from the Nxt AE

NXT and ARDR on exchanges

UPDATE

ARDR < > BTC markets:
https://hitbtc.com/exchange/ARDR-to-BTC
https://bittrex.com/Market/Index?MarketName=BTC-ARDR

Poloniex has distributed ARDR. We’re waiting for them to open a market.

ARDR Marketcap: http://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/ardor/

ARDR assets have been distributed to all NXT-holding accounts on participating centralised exchanges and now need to be distributed among the exchanges’ customers.

The Nxt team writes:

The distribution method used will depend on each respective exchange’s internal architecture, so the Nxt team and community can’t provide a universal solution for Ardor distribution within exchanges.

Poloniex, Bittrex, HitBTC, BTC38, etc., must be contacted directly by their customers for more information about their distribution method, if you haven’t yet received your ARDR.

HitBTC was the first centralised exchange to open a BTC < > ARDR market, but more exchanges are expected to follow soon. As most NXT-exchanges have active Nxt asset markets going too, it will be very easy for them to add ARDR.

Next snapshot – IGNIS

One snapshot remains – if you want to get full value for your NXT.

Ignis will be the first child chain, which is guaranteed to get launched on the Ardor platform. In Nxt 2.0, Ardor is the token used for creating consensus and Ignis will be the first transactional token. It will be created at the Ardor Genesis block. Free Ignis tokens will be distributed with a ratio of at least 1:0.5 to all NXT-holders at Genesis. A last snapshot of the Nxt blockchain will be taken just before that, so Ignis can launch together with Ardor.

Ignis will inherit all the current Nxt core features, but will be have others added and be further developed by the Nxt development team. The snapshot will be taken in Q3 2017.

And the unparalleled Nxt platform?

Nxt will continue, and be supported, by the Nxt core devs.

As the Nxt core developers wrote, in a Q&A session a few days ago:

riker
NXT promoted Jelurida and Jelurida will promote NXT.

jean-luc
There will be small businesses and end users who don’t need, or can’t afford, a private blockchain. Those will continue using Nxt, or start a child chain on Ardor.

riker
We can use the funds we receive from private chains to promote the development of the public chain which will in turn provide marketing and public relation for NXT/Ardor and bring us more private chain business.

ipsec [9:08 PM]
Now its very risky to invest NXT and ADROR…..because after 13 price of NXT will down

jean-luc [9:09 PM]
Everybody expecting a dump after 13th… then everybody would sell before 13th
my guess is, the dump has already happened, but then I am not a trader.
If you dump, what else would you buy that has better “incentive structure”?

And that’s the case. If Nxt is not the platform to start coding your new Ardor Nxt 2.0 projects on, then which?

With the Nxt Foundation marketing it, with an educational book about Nxt 1.0 coming out soon, with businesses rushing in to get into the best blockchain tech before the technology itself disrupts them…. will it be wise to sell NXT?

Jean-Luc:

We have projects using the public Nxt blockchain which will need to be supported for at least the next 2 years and probably longer. We’re also in the process of bringing in more core devs for Nxt as well as for Ardor, with the aim of establishing 2 semi-independent core dev teams.

There has been lot of public FUD and confusion about all of this, so I hope this clears up any questions or doubts that you may have about the future plans for Nxt and Ardor.

In doubt? Get involved.

Join nxtforum.org or the Nxtchat Slack channel:

DeBuNe is currently looking for extra developers to join their distributed team. m19: “We are creating our own custom version of NXT/Ardor and some of the changes you make might even end up in the core, we are in no way competing with them but instead actively supporting it.

https://nxtchat.slack.com/messages/job-offers/mentions/

LQD asset CEO libertynow [2:37 AM]: “If NXT goes below the Oct 4 bottom at 1667 I’ll start getting worried. well, not really. i don’t care that much. I can just use the NXT for divs if I really need to”.

You might also want to read: The Nxt Asset Exchange Tutorial

Congrats with your ARDR assets. Exchanges are open. The future will not be centralised. It will be you.

Jelurida Q&A – Nxt core devs mean business

On October 07, 2016, Damelon announced the incorporation of Jelurida BV, a new startup software development company consisting of Nxt core developers Jean-Luc, Riker and Nxt Foundation member, Damelon.

Jelurida BV, as holder of the intellectual property rights for the Nxt software and the Ardor platform, aims to create a sustainable and thriving business around the Nxt ecosystem by providing software licenses, maintenance, and services to a new breed of blockchain-based applications.

The ninja announcement of a “Nxt company”, and the fact that the lead developers of Nxt and Ardor were going to monetise their services and IP naturally sparked discussions in the Nxtchat Slack channel. Damelon posted a few answers, but asked the Nxt community to save their further questions for a Q&A session with the core developers, which was to be kicked off Sunday.

martis [2:09 PM]

so Nxt became a company?

Damelon answered (before the Q&A):

damelon [2:10 PM]
No, the devs are in a company now (including me, who is also on it). I am managing director. It’s a Holding with two separate BVs contained in it. There is a BV that holds the IP and a BV that is “active” and signs.

The main purpose is to ensure that the code is protected, and secondly licensing to generate a cash flow. The direct benefit is continuity and more possibilities to actually partner with companies. That benefits the community and holders. Even if licenses are sold for private chains, this means the devs are funded which means they can continue to work on the code without having to hold down other jobs. It also allows us to grow the developer pool with quality people which also benefits the code and users.

The way we want to create value for holders is by ensuring we deliver value in the form of the software and in attracting customers and users to the platform. It’s another step in professionalizing and it’s also a big step towards making sure Nxt and Ardor will be sustained into the future. The Nxt code is and still will be under GPL, so public chain use is not affected.

Also, this is about the IP mostly. The devs do not want to let the copyright out of their hands. Handing it over to the Foundation would leave them at the mercy of other people. Having it consolidated in their own company allows them to keep control in situations where it’s needed, like when licensing is involved.

The Q&A

The Q&A session took place in nxtchat.slack on October 09, 2016, 20:00-21:46.

This is a summary of the event. All questions about expected ups and downs in price and “how to use Ardor” have been removed from the summary. For a general FAQ about Ardor, the Ardor token ARDR, and Ignis distribution you can visit the FAQ thread on Reddit.

Now let’s get to it.

riker [8:05 PM]
Ready for Q&A guys ?

legs11 [8:06 PM]
yes

damelon [8:06 PM]
@channel The devs are here, so please shoot your questions.

Ardor

jean-luc
development is on track, but it takes time. schedule is unchanged for now. nothing has changed really in the project direction, or our plan for ardor.

riker
We feel good about the project direction and we do enjoy our work.

jean-luc
it is a challenge to keep the code simple. the code is based on Nxt, intentionally so that to minimize bugs, but I have started some refactoring which makes further merges from the 1.0 codebase harder.

Jelurida

jean-luc
Jelurida plans to make money from licensing, support, and consulting

legs11
Any chance of us buy into this company at this early stage ?

jean-luc
it is a private company, the general public can’t buy into it

durerus
Who owns how much percent of the company?

jean-luc
This information is confidential.

durerus
Can you describe what a paying customer would get?

riker
License to change the NXT core code for their purpose. License to use a private blockchain. Maintenance, support and consulting.

Many organizations will never use a public blockchain because of regulatory issue or confidentiality. We would like to get into the private blockchain niche

josenxt
Doesn’t ComeFromBeyond, for example, have anything to say about this?

jean-luc
CfB has written code under the MIT license only. The developers who have contributed code under the GPL have transferred their copyright to Jelurida.

as we speak, banks and financial companies are cloning Nxt and using it privately.
By getting them to pay for it, we plan to make future Nxt development self sustainable

apenzl
Which IP rights are Jelurida going to “protect”?

riker
People are currently copying NXT left and right, even if they want to pay for NXT they didn’t have whom to pay. If they don’t pay, we can now go after them. That what it means to protect our rights.

jean-luc
In the absence of a single legal entity which owns the copyright, it is hard to enforce the GPL, we have seen examples of it being violated by companies who know there is no one to sue them

conversely, if a company does want a commercial license, and is willing to pay for it, it is hard to do legally without a single legal entity that has the copyright, as the case was until now.

Jelurida for investors

durerus
So you wanna get into private blockchain niche. Can you tell us why this is good for investors in the tokens ARDR, NXT and IGNIS?

riker
We can use the funds we receive from private chains to promote the development of the public chain which will in turn provide marketing and public relation for NXT/Ardor and bring us more private chain business. We hope to obtain such eco-system which provide win-win situation both for the public token investors and private blockchain customers

kasp
it doesnt seem fair for the token holders honestly, lets say you are now investing 60% of DEV in private chains and earn decent revenue, how are devs still motivated to work on NXT/ardor + it will only slow down progress

riker
I think we have to realize that the current model of using community funds/donations to promote NXT does not work. This new model has much better chance.

Again we hope to generate positive feedback in which private blockchain profits are used to promote the public blockchain which in turn supports the private blockchain

bidji
Current system is not sustainable, dev need to earn money.

But i’m afraid the incentive to work on the public chain will be too low. Imagine you are successful and you have a lot of contracts to build private blockchains. Since you get paid for it you have to focus all your ressources on those contracts. What happen to the public blockchain in that time? it will be put aside. Basically there is a conflict of interest between successful public blockchain and successful private business. What do you think?

riker
We won’t be able to sell private blockchains unless we have a successful public chain. We all realize this. NXT promoted Jelurida and Jelurida will promote NXT. The challenge is to create a win/win situation and we need your support for this.

willtate
I think better public relations would go a long way to bringing in customers as well as new devs. Is any more activity in this department planned for the near-term?

riker
Yes, not sure we can share concrete plans at the moment. We’ll start with a website and all the marketing materials expected from a startup company

logan
Will you inform the community about new deals etc?

riker
As a private company we probably won’t share everything publicly. We may issue press releases on signed deals etc

vprf
If I am a company in need of a private chain. Why use NXT/Ardor/etc… over a different crypto?

riker
(1) POS is much better suited for private chain then POW
(2) You can develop in Java and not in some weird scripting lang (i.e. ETH)

vprf
Why not Lisk then if Java and POS?

riker
We have 2 years advantage and we have a more experienced dev team

vprf
I would rather deal with real people with real names. Just sayin’

riker
Jelurida has public directors listed in the Dutch trade registry. The identity of the actual developers has no significance the same way you don’t know who are Java developers but you trust Oracle to support Java.

Don’t you know Bas? Didn’t you watch my latest presentation?

wolffang
Will the private blockchains be made with nxt now and later with ardor blockchain or always nxt?

riker
For now private chains will be based on NXT of course. We will probably transition to Ardor when it’s stable enough

jean-luc
depends on demand, but Nxt 1.0 is tried and tested technology, and Ardor is an overkill to use as a private chain for a single company. Most of the Jelurida private blockchain customers would not need the complexity of Ardor, with its multiple child chains.

Hiring devs

almonte
Now that you have settled down a company, are you thinking about recruiting more developers in the near future?

jean-luc
yes, but it is a chicken and egg problem… hard to recruit developers until we have at least few paying customers

if we get serious demand for private chains, we would also get licensing fees and income that allows us to hire more developers

josenxt
How is Jelurida going to encourage new devs to join the development team when they know for sure that their work won’t be credited? Just for the money Jelurida will pay them? Will all the new devs be writing code for Jelurida and not for the Nxt community from now on?

riker
Jelurida intends to either pay salaries or give shares to compensate developers (perhaps both). Some of the code may be developed as closed source code and some will be shared with the community.

In the future there will millions of blockchains some public some private we want as many as possible to be based on NXT.

jean-luc
new developers after short training would be dedicated to support and feature development for private chains first, so that the more experienced core devs can focus on Ardor

Jelurida and the Nxt community

rubenbc
how is Jelurida going to support the community if it is a private company?

logan
I can see the Promotion effect of public chains for private chains.. but i dont see it for the other direction. Why should Ardor get more value if a Company will use the tech behind it? That makes no sense to me.

riker
I hope that Jelurida and the NXT foundation will share the profits

farl4bit
How do you encourage the community to continue to work as a volunteer knowing that their developers and the leader of the foundation may be working for private solutions?

riker
Would you like the devs to work for free or almost for free forever? Jelurida will work together with the community to advance NXT/Ardor and make it into a sustainable business

wolffang
What is the role of the community in this new situation? Can happen that People now leave that were good contributors. How to prevent it.

riker
Jelurida will open up doors for NXT activists to get real paying jobs in dev, consulting, support, training

josenxt
Would you like the rest of the Nxt community to work for free or almost for free forever AND FROM NOW ON to make bigger a private company like Jelurida? :point_left: It could be seen this way

riker
If Jelurida is successful there will plenty of funds to pay everyone.

Final words

josenxt
Will we see in 6 months from today another big surprise (like Jelurida’s) which is currently being cooked behind the scenes?

jean-luc
hopefully sooner

Wolffang
@riker when is the nxt mobile app release planned?

riker
It’s ready for initial testing but we want to get Jelurida and the Ardor token distribution first

riker [9:43 PM]
Enough for today ?

farl4bit [9:46 PM]
@riker @jean-luc Thanks very much! I am looking forward to more of these sessions.

And that’s it, folks.

You can sign up for the weekly newsletter here.

NXT-crypto-developer

For more Nxt & Ardor news, see: http://nxter.org/newsletters 

The Nxt 2.0 token distribution

Details about the Nxt 2.0 token distribution have been announced.

Those who have been following  Nxt 1.0 know that the launch of Nxt 2.0 (Ardor) will be a big and important step forwards, not just for Nxt but for blockchain technology in general. With the amazing and broad set of truly disruptive, stable features already running on the Nxt 1.0 blockchain, the next leap forward will be the solving of the blockchain bloat problem inherent to all existing blockchains.

This can make Ardor the first globally scalable crypto platform, and in addition to this, Ardor will enable any individual, business and community to launch their own fully secured customised private ledgers. In short, a Nxt 2.0 Main Chain token (ARDR) will ‘forge’ (~ stake/~mine) all the childchain transactions and thereby secure them. The first and default Nxt 2.0 childchain (Ignis) to be launched with the genesis block will be a ledger which integrates all the functionality of Nxt 1.0.

Ardor’s prime innovation is to split the blockchain into a main chain that is used for consensus creation only, and multiple child chains that keep separate ledgers of transactions, each child chain using its own coin/token.

In the announcement Jean-Luc writes that:

The Nxt 1.0 branch will continue to run

Nxt 1.9 is going to be the last major release on the Nxt 1.0 branch.

Nxt 2.0 is not a fork of Nxt 1.0. NXT tokens will continue to exist.
Existing 1.0 users will be able to log in to Nxt 2.0 with their existing passphrases.

The Nxt core development team is committed to providing support for Nxt 1.x for at least one year after the Nxt 2.0 launch. Additional GUI functionality may or may not be added to the NRS Client.

The distribution of Nxt 2.0 tokens

The Core Developers recognise the tremendous contributions of the investors and holders of the original Nxt 1.0, without whom Nxt 2.0 would not be possible, and have decided to grant them exclusive rights to the new 2.0 tokens.

Ardor tokens

ALL Nxt 2.0 Main Chain tokens (ARDR) will be distributed among the holders of Nxt 1.0 tokens.

Nxt 1.9 will be announced shortly with a hard fork for the ARDR distribution without API changes.

The only way to get ARDR is by holding NXT in your account during the snapshot phase (which starts when Nxt 1.9 is released and will run for about 3 months).

Jean-Luc writes:

The Nxt Software will start taking periodic snapshots of all users’ NXT balances, at regular intervals (most likely once an hour), for a period of three months.

The NXT balances in each account will be averaged over this full three month period, and at the end all accounts will be automatically credited with a token representing their ARDR holdings, issued as an Asset on the Nxt asset exchange.

This ARDR Asset will be freely tradeable.

The distribution of the real ARDR coins will be based on the ownership of ARDR Assets taken at the point of time when the 2.0 Genesis block is created.

There will be no burning of Nxt 1.0 needed in order to receive either ARDR or [Ignis]  Tokens.

ARDR tokens will be used for forging (i.e. staking / mining) to maintain and secure the full Ardor network and incentivize people to set up nodes. Users of any Ardor childchain will have to pay bundled transaction-fees to ARDR forgers.

Riker explains:

Holding the ARDR token provides the ability to bundle many child chain transactions into a ChildChainBlock transaction on the main chain (i.e. become a bundler) and forge transactions on the main chain.

Ardor Mainnet is scheduled to launch in Q3 2017.

IGNIS; the Nxt childchain tokens

Introducing: Ignis.

As stated above, Nxt 1.x will continue to run; you will get to keep all your current NXT tokens.

The Nxt 1.x equivalent chain which will launch with the Ardor genesis, is a new Nxt ledger. Its transactional token has been dubbed Ignis. The Ignis token will be the only transactional token on the Ardor network when it launches, and until new child chains can be spawned.

Ignis tokens will be distributed ~ 50/50 to NXT holders/Nxt core development team.

The ~ 50% Ignis which are to be distributed to the core development team will be theirs to use for funding the continued development of the Nxt 2.0 platform.

Jean-Luc writes:

[Ignis] will be created in the Genesis block of Nxt 2.0. At the moment NXT holders will get 50% [Ignis] of their NXT balance. The other 50% will be reserved for the devs, for instance to do an ICO with, or something else. As this is still one year in the future, the exact method of this is still being debated.

This means, that in addition to the Main Chain tokens (ARDR), NXT 1.0 holders will be accredited a number of Ignis (Nxt 2.0 transactional tokens) equal to ~ 50% of the NXT they hold in their account when Ardor launched in Q3 2017.

As a warning to traders, Riker states that: “If you keep your NXT on a centralised exchange you’ll need to check with the exchange how they handle the ARDR/Ignis distribution since it will be distributed to the exchange account. The exchange will get the ARDR / Ignis tokens and will decide what to do with it”.

Our best advice would be for you to keep your NXT in your own Nxt account with your own passphrase.

Nxt Developers – feel safe to code with Nxt

Nxt has had issues with breaking backwards compatibility when preparing for the switch to Nxt 2.0 / Ardor.

Nxt 1.10.x API will NOT be changed, so developers working with the Nxt 1.10.x API can feel safe that their code will keep working on the 1.0 branch and that they can easily port their new or existing Nxt projects to the new Nxt 2.0 ledger, if they want to do so after it has been launched. The Nxt core development team is very willing to offer their help in that regard, in case it should be necessary.

One exception to the backwards compatibility-rule is, as announced on release, the Nxt add-ons feature (available for developers from Nxt 1.8.0e), as this will “undergo significant refactoring in 2.0”.

Use it to test, play with it, but like Jean Luc writes: “Keep any custom add-on code simple, and be prepared to have to change it for 2.0 or discard it”.

You can follow the Nxt development in nxtforum.org/, and if you’re in doubt about anything, ask the core developers.